Whether registrar can refuse to register sale deed without assigning reasons?

IN THE HIGH COURT OF JHARKHAND AT RANCHI

W.P. (C) No. 1630 of 2015

Pankaj Kumar Jaiswal
Vs
State of Jharkhand.

Dated: 03.01.2017.
Citation: AIR 2017 Jharkhand 21

Heard learned counsel for the petitioner and the State. Petitioner is the vendee of a piece of land executed by sale through an instrument by one Binod Kumar Rai son of Krishnadev Rai, village and Post Khaira Chatar, P.S. – Kasmar, District- Bokaro in respect of a piece of land bearing Plot No. 236, Khata No. – 118, Khewat No.- 01, Tauzi No.- 28, Thana No. – 144 having an area of 7 decimals in Mauza Khaira Chatar of Kasmar Police Station, Pargana Gola, District- Bokaro who presented it for registration before the respondent no. 4- District Sub Registrar, Bokaro. The sale deed was returned with an endorsement referring to the letter no. 368 dated 02nd April, 2012 and letter no. 49 dated 05th January, 2012 issued by the respondent nos. 2 and 3. In the counter affidavit respondent-State has taken a plea on the basis of these letters that the sale deed for the aforesaid piece of land presented for registration is a Gair Majarua land according to cadestral survey record. Annexure-C is the list containing such lands falling in the category of Gair Majarua Khas/Aam/Keshar-e-Hind. The instant piece of land is shown at serial no. 711 of the list under the category of Gair Majarua Khas.

Learned counsel for the petitioner submits that the order impugned is not even a rejection of the presentation of sale deed, rather it has only been returned. It cannot, therefore, be a subject matter of an appeal as such under Section 72 of the Indian Registration Act, 1908. Moreover, no specific reasons have been disclosed in the endorsement either. Respondent No. 4 was required to inscribe adequate reasons for its rejection which could have been assailed before the Appellate Authority. The reliance of the letter of the Deputy Commissioner dated 05th January, 2012 makes it all the more unamenable to the appeal before the same authority of the District concerned.

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Learned counsel for the respondent-State submits that Gair Majarua land as described in Annexure – C of the counter affidavit falls in the category of lands which are prohibited from transfer. Therefore, the respondent no. 4 on instruction issued by the respondent nos. 2 and 3 has returned the same to the petitioner. Petitioner has not refuted the aforesaid fact by way of any rejoinder either.

Considered the submissions of the parties in the light of the relevant facts pleaded. The impugned endorsement on the sale deed presented by the petitioner does not reflect the specific reasons after due application of mind before its return. The District Sub-Registrar -respondent no. 4 is, therefore, required to record specific reasons for its rejection, if any, after due application of mind in accordance with law taking into account the circulars and the guidelines issued by the Revenue and Land Reforms Department, Government of Jharkhand as well as the judgment rendered by this Court in the case of Rajrajeshwar Prasad Singh Chandel in W.P.(C) No. 6184/2014 reported in 2015 (3) JCR 598 (Jhr.). Accordingly the impugned order is quashed for the aforesaid reasons. Let it be made clear that this Court has not expressed any comment on the merits of the case as to whether the document presented for registration is fit for registration or not in accordance with law. It goes without saying that it is the vendor of the petitioner who is supposed to present the sale deed, if required, along with the petitioner before the respondent no. 4 for its registration now, in accordance with law.

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Writ petition is accordingly disposed of in the aforesaid manner.

(Aparesh Kumar Singh, J.)
Shamim/Srikant

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