Lakhan Urf Lakha vs State Of Rajasthan Through Pp on 7 October, 2017

1

jktLFkku mPp U;k;ky; t;iqj ihB] t;iqj

vkns’k

S.B. Criminal Appeal No. 829 / 2013

yk[ku mQZ yk[kk iq ukFkwyky tkfrdqEgkj fuoklhfljlksn dyka iqfyl
FkkukdsyokMk ftyk ckjka ¼jkt0½
gkydsUnzh; dkjkx`g dksVk ¼jkt0½

——vihykFkhZ@vfHk;qDr

cuke

jktLFkku jkT; ljdkj

—–izR;FkhZ

vkns’k fnukad % 07-10-2017
ekuuh; U;k;kf/kifr Jh cuokjhyky ‘kekZ
lqJh jkts’k dkaMoky] vf/koDrk ¼U;k;fe ds :i esa½vihykFkhZ dh vksj lsA
Jh vkj ,l jk?ko] yksd vfHk;kstd okLrs jkT;A

vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr yk[ku mQZ yk[kk us ;g tsy vihy vkyksP;
fu.kZ; ,oa n.Mkns’k fnukad 25-09-2013 tks fd fo}ku vij ftyk ls’ku
U;k;k/kh’k ckajk }kjk ls’ku izdj.k la[;k 151@2011 ¼ljdkj cuke yk[ku
mQZ yk[kk½ esa ikfjr dj vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks /kkjk 363 rFkk 376 Hkk-na-la-
ds vijk/k esa nks”kfl) dj fuEu izdkj ls nf.Mr fd;k gS

dze /kkjk ftlds v/khu vfHk;qDr dkjkokl dh vof/k vne vnk;xh
lqHkk”k eh.kk dks nks”kfl) fd;k ,oa vf/kjksfir tqekZuk vfrfjDr
x;k tqekZuk ltk vof/k
1 363Hkk-na-la- 3 o”kZ dk dBksj
dkjkokl
2 376 Hkk-na-la- 7 o”kZ dk dBksj ,d ekg dk
dkjkokl ,oa ikap vfrfjDr dkjkokl
gtkj :i;s tqekZuk

;g Hkh vkns’k fn;k gS fd nksuksa ewy ltk;as lkFklkFk pysaxhA
2

vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr }kjk iqfyl vFkok U;kf;d vfHkj{kk esa O;rhr vof/k n.M
izfdz;k lafgrk dh /kkjk 428 ds vuqlkj ewy ltk esa ls de dh tkos] ls
O;fFkr gksdj is’k dh gSA
izdj.k ds laf{kIr rF; bl izdkj gSa fd ifjokfn;k vfHk;ksDh ¼uke
Nqik;k x;k½ us fnukad 01tqykbZ] 2010 dks Fkkukf/kdkjh iqfyl
FkkukdsyokMk] ftykckajk ds le{k ,d fyf[kr fjiksVZ bl vk’k; dh is’k
dh fd
^^lsok esa Jheku Fkkusnkj lkgc Fkkuk dsyokMk fo”k;
fjiksVZ djokus ckcr fuosnu gS fd fn0 20-06-2010 dks eSa
vius xkao fljlksn ls lhrkckMh dks esyk ns[kus vkbZ Fkh
esys esa eqs esjs xkao dk yk[kk iq ukFkqyky tkfr dqEgkj
feyk ftlus eqs cgykQqlykdj esyk lhrkckMh ds yxs
qys esa qyk;k rFkk esys esa ?kqek;k lk;a dks 78 cts djhc
eSa vius xkao tkus yxh rks eqs cgykQqlykdj dgk fd
eSa Hkh xkao pyqaxk esjh eksVjlkbfdy dh mij cSB pyuk
og eqs eksVjlkbfdy ij fcBkdj muh jksM ij dh rjQ
ys x;k eSus mlls dgk fd eqs dgk ys tk jgk gS ijUrq
mlus esjh ,d ugh lquh rFkk eqs muh jksM ds IykaVs’ku esa
ystkdj eksVjlkbZfdy [kMhdj eqs tcjnLrh tehu ij
iVd dj esjs lkFk tcjnLrh [kksVkdke fd;k rFkk [kksVk
dke djus ckn yk[kk dqEgkj eksVjlkbfdy ysdj Hkkx x;k
eS ogka ls okihl esys esa vkbZ tgka ij eqs nhid esjk HkkbZ
feyk ftldks eSusa crk;k Fkk yk[kk dqEgkj us tkrs le;
/kedh nh Fkh fd vxj rqus ;g ckr fdlh dks crkbZ rks
rqs tku ls ekj nqaxk vkSj eSus ;g ckr fdlh dks ugh
crkbZ Fkh dsoy nhid dks gh crkbZ Fkh vkt eSa fgEer dj
fjiksVZ djkus vkbZ gwaA ^^

mijksDr fjiksVZ ij iqfyl Fkkuk dsyokMk esa izFke lwpuk fjiksVZ la[;k
105@2010 vijk/k vUrxZr /kkjk 363 rFkk 376 Hkk-na-la- esa ntZ dj
vuqla/kku izkjEHk fd;k x;kA ckn vuqla/kku vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr ds fo:)
fnukad 30-07-2010 dks /kkjk 363 rFkk 376 Hkk-na-la- ds vijk/k esa vkjksi i
is’k fd;kA ftl ij fo}ku vfrfjDr eq[; U;kf;d eftLVªsV] ‘kkgckn ftyk
3

ckajk us mijksDr /kkjkvksa esa vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr ds fo:) izlaKku fy;kA
pwafd /kkjk 376 Hkk-na-la- dk vijk/k vuU; :i ls ls’ku U;k;ky; }kjk
fopkj.kh; gksus ds dkj.k /kkjk 207 n.M izfdz;k lafgrk ds izko/kkuksa dh
ikyuk djrs gq, /kkjk 209 n.M izfdz;k lafgrk 1973 ds izko/kkuksa ds rgr
ls’ku U;k;k/kh’k] ftykckajk dks dehV dj fn;kA ftUgksaus izdj.k dks
fof/kvuqlkj fuLrkj.k gsrq vij ls’ku U;k;k/kh’k ¼Qk0Vªs0½] ckajk dks
LFkkukUrfjr dj fn;kA fo}ku vij ls’ku U;k;k/kh’k ¼Qk0Vªs0½] ckajk ftUgsa
laf{kIr esa vkxs ^^fopkj.k U;k;ky;^^ ls lacksf/kr fd;k tk jgk gS] us fnukad
22-10-2010 dks nksuksa i{kksa dks lqudj vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr ds fo:) /kkjk 363
rFkk 376 Hkk-na-la- ds vijk/k esa vkjksi fojfpr fd;s tkus ds i;kZIr vk/kkj
ikrs gq, mDr /kkjkvksa esa vkjksi fojfpr dj lquk;s o lek;s] ftUgksaus vkjksi
lqu o ledj vkjksiksa ls badkj dj vaoh{kk pkghA
ftl ij vfHk;kstu i{k us mDr vkjksiksa dks lkfcr djus ds fy, 11
lkf{k;ksa ds dFku ys[kc) djk;s rFkk lk{; vfHk;kstu lekIr dhA rRi’pkr
fopkj.k U;k;ky; us vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks /kkjk 313 n.M izfdz;k lafgrk
ds izko/kkuksa ds rgr ijhf{kr fd;k] ftlesa vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr us vfHk;kstu
lkf{k;ksa ds dFkuksa dks xyr crkrs gq, vfHkdfFkr fd;k gS fd Fkkuk dsyokMk
esa ntZ izdj.k ,QvkbZvkj 104@2010 vUrxZr /kkjk 302 esa gsrqd LFkkfir
djus ds fy, mls waBk Qalk;k x;k gSA
vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks cpko esa lk{; is’k djus ds fy, volj fn;s
tkus ds ckotwn dksbZ lk{; is’k ugha dhA rRi’pkr jkT; dh vksj ls vij
yksd vfHk;kstd] vf/koDrk vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks lqudj vkyksP; fu.kZ;
fnukad 25-09-2013 ds }kjk fo}ku fopkj.k U;k;ky; us vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr
yk[ku mQZ yk[kk dks /kkjk 363 rFkk 376 Hkk-na-la- esa nks”kfl) dj mDr
izdkj ls nf.Mr fd;k gS] ftlls O;fFkr gksdj vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr us bl
U;k;ky; ds le{k ;g vihy is’k dhA
bl tsy vihy esa iSjoh gsrq vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh vksj ls lqJh
jkts’k dkaMoky dks U;k;fe fu;qDr fd;k x;k gSA
vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh vksj ls fo}ku vf/koDrk lqJh jkts’k dkaMoky
us fuosnu fd;k gS fd vfHk;ksDh ds dFkukas rFkk vfHk;kstu lk{; esa lkjHkwr
fojks/kkHkkl gSA ftl ij fopkj fd;s fcuk gh fo}ku fopkj.k U;k;ky; us
vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks nks”kfl) dj nafMr fd;s tkus esa qfV dh gS] vU;Fkk
Hkh vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh ltk iwjh gks pqdh gsA vr% vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks
4

nks”keqDr fd;k tkosA
mDr rdksaZ dk fojks/k djrs gq, fo}ku yksd vfHk;kstd us fuosnu
fd;k gS fd vfHk;ksDh vo;Ld gSA mldh mez 13 o”kZ ds djhc vk;h gSA
rnuqlkj mldh lgefr dksbZ egRo ugha j[krh gSA vius dFkuksa esa Hkh mlus
vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr ds fo:) dFku fd;s gSaA rnuqlkj mUgksaus vkyksP; fu.kZ;
o n.Mkns’k dks lgh crkrs gq, vihy vLohdkj fd;s tkus dk fuosnu
fd;kA
lquk x;k] mHk; i{k ds rdksaZ ij fopkj fd;k x;kA
bl izdj.k esa lcls egRoiw.kZ lk{kh xokg ih-M-3 Lo;a vfHk;ksDh
gSA ftlus viuh mez U;k;ky; dFkuksa ds le; fnukad 14-02-2011 dks 13
o”kZ crk;h gS vkSj vius dFkuksa esa Li”V dgk gS fd mlds dFku ys[kc)
gksus ds 78 eghus igys lhrkckMh dk esyk py jgk FkkA og ‘kke dks 4
cts vius xkao fljlksndyk ls lhrkckMh esyk ns[kus xbZ FkhA gkftj
vnkyr eqfYte yk[kk mls esys esa feyk tks mls cgykQqlykdj wys esa
wyus dks dgus yxkA wys esa wyus ds ckn og xkao tkus yxh rks yk[ku
us dgk fd mldh eksVjlkbZfdy ij cSB pyuk] og Hkh rks xkao tk jgk gwaA
fQj og eksVjlkbZfdy ij cSB xbZA fQj og eksVjlkbZfdy ij fcBkdj muh
jksM dh rjQ ys x;kA mlus dgk fd mls dgka ys tk jgk gSA ysfdu mlus
esjh ,d Hkh ugha lquhA muh jksM ij ys tkdj IykuVs’ku esa blus viuh
eksVjlkbZfdy [kMh dj nh rFkk mls tcnZLrh tehu ij iVd fn;k rFkk
tcnZLrh mlds diMs fudky fn;sA fQj blus esjs lkFk [kksVk dke fd;kA
[kksVk dke djus ds ckn ;g eksVjlkbZfdy ysdj Hkkx x;kA mlus /kedh nh
fd ;g ckr vxj rwus fdlh dks crkbZ rks rqs vkSj rsjs ifjokj dks tku ls
ekj nwaxkA fQj og okil esys esa vkbZA esys esa mldk HkkbZ nhid feykA
nhid jkethyky esjs rkÅ dk yMdk gSA mlus ;g ckr esjs HkkbZ nhid dks
crkbZA fQj esjs HkkbZ us dgk fd py nhnh eSa ns[k ywaxk fQj og vkSj mldk
HkkbZ ?kj pys x;sA [kksVk dke cykRdkj gksrk gS tks ,d vkneh ,d vkSjr
ds lkFk djrk gSA yk[kk o yk[ku nksuksa blh dk uke gSA fQj og vius
xkao fljlksndyk pyh xbZA fQj esjs HkkbZ nhid dk eMZj gks x;kA fQj
mldh cfgu lq’khyk vkbZ mldks mls ;g ckr crkbZ blls igys mlus
fdlh dks ugha crkbZA fQj og vkSj mldh cfgu fjiksVZ djkus x;s FksA mlus
fyf[kr fjiksVZ izn’kZ ih- 2] pkd ,QvkbZvkj izn’kZ ih- 3 dks lkfcr fd;k
gSA iqfyl us esjk esfMdy eqvk;uk djok;k FkkA iqfyl us esjs diMs tfj;s
5

QnZ tIrh diMs izn’kZ ih- 4 rFkk iqfyl }kjk eftLVªsV lkgc ds ;gka djk;s
x;s c;ku izn’kZ ih- 5 dks lkfcr fd;k gSA bl lk{kh ls vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr
dh vksj ls foLr`r izfrijh{k.k fd;k x;k gS] ysfdu dksbZ dFku ugha fd;k gS
ftlls mlds dFkuksa ij lansg fd;k tk ldsA
lk{kh xokg ih-M-6 MkWDVj y{eh vxzoky ftlus fd vfHk;ksDh dk
ijh{k.k fd;k gS] us vfHk;ksDh dks laHkksx dk vH;Lr crk;k gS rFkk mldh
yEckbZ 4QqV 9 bap rFkk otu 36 fdxzk gksuk crk;k gS rFkk crk;k gS fd
nkar dqy 28 Fks] Lruksa dh cukoV lkekU; Fkh] ckyksa esa dksbZ fu’kku ugha Fks]
gkbZeu lqjf{kr ugha FkkA vkUrfjd o ckgjh Hkkx ij dksbZ pksV ugha vk;h
FkhA mldh laHkkfor vk;q 1416 o”kZ ds chp FkhA mlus vk;q ls lacaf/kr
,Dljs fjLV] ,Ycks] isyfol dk djk;k FkkA cykRdkj ds laca/k esa vafre
jk; ,Q,l,y lqjf{kr j[kh FkhA ckn ,Dljs vfHk;ksDh dh vk;q 14 ls 16
o”kZ ds e/; ikbZ FkhA mlus ijh{k.k fjiksVZ izn’kZ ih7 dks lkfcr fd;k gSA
xokg ih-M-9 MkW- foosd dqekj us vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr ds iq:”kRo dh
tkap djuk crk;k gS vkSj crk;k gS fd fjiksVZ izn’kZ ih12 rS;kj mlds }kjk
rS;kj dh x;h FkhA fjiksVZ izn’kZ ih12 esa ;g crk;k x;k gS fd ^^ After
physical examination in my opinion no any sign of incapability to perform
sexual intercourse is seen.”

blds vykok bl izdj.k esa ?kVuk fnukad 20-06-2010 dks 78 cts
dh crk;h x;h gS vkSj izFke lwpuk fjiksVZ fnukad 01tqykbZ] 2010 dks 7-30
ih,e ij ntZ dh x;h gS] ftlesa 10 fnu dh nsjh gSA blds laca/k esa
vfHk;ksDh ds tks dFku vk;s gSa] mlds vuqlkj ?kVuk ds rqjUr ckn vius
HkkbZ dks ?kVuk ds ckjs eas crk;k gS] mlds ckn ?kj vk;h gSA rRi’pkr mlds
HkkbZ dh gR;k gks tkus ds dkj.k fjiksVZ ugha djk ldh vkSj mlds ckn
mldh cfgu vk;h rks mls crk;k rFkk mlds ckn fjiksVZ ntZ djk;h x;h
gSA rnuqlkj fjiksVZ ntZ djkus esa gqvk foyEc dk ln~Hkkfod Li”Vhdj.k
fn;k gSA lk{; esa vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr ls dksbZ oSeuL;rk vFkok jaft’k gksuk
ugha vk;k gS ftlls fd mlds fo:) cykRdkj tSls vijk/k dk waBk
eqdnek ntZ djkus dk vk’k; jgk gksA
,d rF; v/khuLFk U;k;ky; ds le{k vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh vksj ls
;g fn;k x;k gS fd vfHk;ksDh lger i{kdkj gS] ijUrq vfHk;ksDh dh mez
tUefrfFk ds laca/k esa tkjh Ldwy izek.k i izn’kZ ih9 esa 13-8-98 crk;h
x;h gS rFkk Vh-lh- esa Hkh mldh tUrfrfFk 13-08-98 crk;h x;h gS ,oa
6

LdkWyj jftLVj eas mldk uke vafdr gSA fpfdRlh; fjiksVZ esa Hkh mldh
mez 1416 o”kZ vk;h gSA rnuqlkj mldh vk;q 18 o”kZ ls de gksus ds dkj.k
mldh lgefr dksbZ egRo ugha j[krh gSA vU;Fkk Hkh mlus viuh lgefr ls
badkj fd;k gS vkSj tcjnLrh mlds lkFk laHkksx djus ckcr~ dFku fd;s gSaA
vr% bl vk/kkj ij Hkh lgefr dk rF; dksbZ egRo ugha j[krk gSA
LVsV vkWQ gfj;k.kk cuke cLrhjke 2013¼1½ fdzfe- ¼,llh½ 640 esa
ekuuh; loksZPp U;k;ky; us vfHkfu/kkZfjr fd;k gS fd
“Thus the law that emerges on the issue is to the effect
that the statement of the prosecutrix if found to be worthy of
credence and reliable, requires no corroboration. The court
may convict the accused on the sole testimony of the
prosecutrix.”

lkFk gh iatkc ljdkj cuke xq:ehr flag ,vkbZvkj 1994 ,llh
1393 esa ekuuh; loksZPp U;k;ky; us vfHkfu/kkZfjr fd;k gS fd
“The courts must, while evaluating evidence, remain
alive to the fact that in a case of rape, no self-respecting
woman would come forward in a court just to make a
humiliating statement against her honour such as is involved
in the commission of rape on her.”

blh U;kf;d n`”VkUr esa vkxs ;g Hkh vfHkfu/kkZfjr fd;k gS fd
“It is also a matter of common law that in Indian society any
girl or woman would not make such allegations against a
person as she is fully aware of the repercussions flowing
therefrom. If she is found to be false, she would be looked at
by the society with contempt throughout her life. For an
unmarried girl, it will be difficult to find a suitable groom.
Therefore, unless an offence has really been committed, a
girl or a woman would be extremely reluctant even to admit
that any such incident had taken place which is likely to
reflect on her chastity. She would also be conscious of the
danger of being ostracised by the society. It would indeed be
difficult for her to survive in Indian society which is, of
course, not as forward-looking as the western countries are.”

rnuqlkj gLrxr izdj.k esa mijksDr fVIi.kh dks e/;utj j[krs gq,
7

o fo’ys”k.k djus ls izdV gksrk gS fd mlls fd;s x;s izfrijh{k.k esa dksbZ
dFku ugha vk;k gS ftlls ;g izdV gksrk gks fd vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks
waBk Qalk;s tkus dk dksbZ dkj.k jgk gksA vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr us /kkjk 313
n.M izfdz;k lafgrk ds dFkuksa esa gR;k ds ekeys esa gsrqd nf’kZr djus ds
fy, bl izdj.k eas Qalkus dk dFku fd;k gS] ijUrq ,slk dksbZ rF; lkf{k;ksa
ds izfrijh{k.k ls izdV ugha gksrk gSA mDr lEiw.kZ rF; ij fopkj fd;s tkus
ds ckn gh fopkj.k U;k;ky; us ihfMr vfHk;ksDh ds dFkuksa ij tks fd
vius izkd`frd laj{kd firk ds lkFk jgrh gS ,oa vU; lkf{k;ksa ds dFkuksa ij
fo’okl dj vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dks /kkjk 363 rFkk 376 Hkk-na-la- ds vijk/k esa
nks”kfl) ?kksf”kr dj nafMr fd;k gSA
mDr izdkj ls izLrqr U;kf;d n`”VkUr eas nh x;h fVIi.kh rFkk izLrqr
rdksaZ ds vk/kkj ij vkyksP; vkns’k esa gLr{ksi fd;s tkus dk dksbZ vk/kkj
izdV ugha gksrk gS] vU;Fkk Hkh vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh ltk iwjh gks pqdh gSA
rnuqlkj vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh vksj ls izLrqr bl vihy esa dksbZ
lkj ugha ik;k tkrk gS vkSj ;g vihy lkjghu gksus ds vk/kkj ij vLohdkj
dh tkrh gS rFkk fopkj.k U;k;ky; }kjk ikfjr fu.kZ; ,oa n.Mkns’k dh iqf”V
dh tkrh gSA
v/khuLFk U;k;ky; dk vfHkys[k fu.kZ; dh izfr ds lkFk ykSVk;k
tkosA ltk daQesZ’ku okj.V Hkstk tkosA
vihykFkhZ vfHk;qDr dh vksj ls fo}ku vf/koDrk lqJh jkts’k dkaMoky
us izdj.k esa U;k;fe ds :i esa iSjoh dh gSA vr% og jkT; fof/kd lsok
izkf/kdj.k ds fof/kvuqlkj ekuns; izkIr djus dh vf/kdkfj.kh jgsaxhA

¼cuokjh yky ‘kekZ½
U;k;kf/kifr
feRry@3

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