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Judgments of Supreme Court of India and High Courts

Gurpreet Singh vs State Of Punjab And Anr on 18 January, 2018

CRM-M-35493-2017 -1-

IN THE HIGH COURT FOR THE STATES OF PUNJAB AND
HARYANA AT CHANDIGARH

CRM-M-35493-2017
Date of decision: 18.01.2018

Gurpreet Singh …Petitioner

Versus

State of Punjab and another …Respondents

CORAM:- HON’BLE MS. JUSTICE JAISHREE THAKUR

Present:- Mr. S. S. Tiwana, Advocate
for the petitioner.

Mrs. Anju Arora, Addl. A. G., Punjab.

Mr. Navjinder Singh Sidhu, Advocate
for respondent No. 2.

JAISHREE THAKUR, J. (Oral)

1. This petition has been filed under Section 482 of the Code of

Criminal Procedure seeking quashing of FIR No. 89 dated 16.08.2017,

registered under Section 376 of the Indian Penal Code at Women Police

Station, District Patiala (Annexure P-1) and all subsequent proceedings

arising therefrom in view of the Panchayati compromise dated 22.06.2016

(Annexure P-2) as well as affidavit dated 19.09.2017 (Annexure P-3).

2. In brief, the facts of the case are that the aforesaid FIR came to

be registered at the behest of the complainant/respondent No. 2 in which it

was stated that she is an illiterate girl and belongs to a poor family. It was

alleged that Gurpreet Singh son of Dial Singh, the petitioner herein, had

been committing rape upon her for last two years on the pretext that he

would marry her, however, now he had refused to do so. It was on this

background that the aforesaid FIR was registered. However, now with the

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intervention of respectable persons, the dispute has been amicably settled

between the parties and they have entered into a compromise. In fact, the

petitioner has now solemnized marriage with the prosecutrix and they

residing together happily.

4. By an order dated 17.11.2017, the parties were directed to

appear before the trial Court so that their statement could be recorded

regarding the genuineness of the compromise. The parties appeared before

the JMIC at Patiala. In pursuance of the direction, a report has been received

from JMIC at Patiala, stating that the compromise arrived at between the

parties is without any pressure or coercion from any one and the same

appears to be genuine one. It is also reported that no PO proceeding is

pending against either of the parties.

5. In normal circumstances, this Court would not entertain a

matter when the non compoundable offences are heinous and serious in

nature. In the instant case, the offence complained of includes an offence

punishable under Section 376 IPC which is an offence of grave nature. This

Court is aware of the fact that time and again it has been held that an

offence under Section 376 IPC is a grievous offence and considered as an

offence against the society at large and thus, such matters should not be

compromised. In the eyes of law, the offence of rape is serious and non-

compoundable and the Courts should not in ordinary circumstances interfere

and quash the FIR that has been registered.

6. In a judgment rendered by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in

Narinder Singh and others vs. State of Punjab and another, 2014(6) SCC

466, the Hon’ble Apex Court has laid down certain principles and guidelines

which should be kept in mind while quashing of FIRs pertaining to

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noncompoundable offence. For ready reference paragraphs No. 29.2 and

29.5 are reproduced as under :-

“29.2. When the parties have reached the settlement and on
that basis petition for quashing the criminal proceedings is
filed, the guiding factor in such cases would be to secure :

(i) ends of justice, or

(ii) to prevent abuse of the process of any court. While
exercising the power the High Court is to form an opinion
on either of the aforesaid two objectives.
29.5. While exercising its powers, the High Court is to
examine as to whether the possibility of conviction is
remote and bleak and continuation of criminal cases would
put the accused to great oppression and prejudice and
extreme injustice would be caused to him by not quashing
the criminal case.”

7. Even in a judgment rendered by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in

Madan Mohan Abbot vs State Of Punjab, 2008 (4) SCC 582, it has been

held that it is advisable that in disputes where the question involved is of a

purely personal nature, the Court should ordinarily accept the terms of the

compromise even in criminal proceedings. Relevant paragraph of the said

judgment is reproduced herein below :-

“5. It is on the basis of this compromise that the
application was filed in the High Court for quashing of
proceedings which has been dismissed by the impugned
order. We notice from a reading of the FIR and the other
documents on record that the dispute was purely a personal
one between two contesting parties and that it arose out of
extensive business dealings between them and that there
was absolutely no public policy involved in the nature of
the allegations made against the accused. We are,
therefore, of the opinion that no useful purpose would be

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served in continuing with the proceedings in the light of the
compromise and also in the light of the fact that the
complainant has, on 11th January 2004, passed away and
the possibility of a conviction being recorded has thus to be
ruled out.

6. We need to emphasize that it is perhaps advisable that in
disputes where the question involved is of a purely personal
nature, the Court should ordinarily accept the terms of the
compromise even in criminal proceedings as keeping the
matter alive with no possibility of a result in favour of the
prosecution is a luxury which the Courts, grossly
overburdened as they are, cannot afford and that the time
so saved can be utilized in deciding more effective and
meaningful litigation. This is a common sense approach to
the matter based on ground of realities and bereft of the
technicalities of the law.”

8. In the judgment rendered in Gian Singh vs State of Punjab

Anr, reported as 2012(10) SCC 303 the basic principle of law as laid down

is that where offences are purely private in nature and do not concern public

policy, the power to quash proceedings involving non-compoundable

offences on the basis of compromise can be exercised.

9. Therefore, while relying upon the ratios of the aforesaid

judgments, this Court is of the view that the compromise which has been

entered into for quashing of an offence under Section 376 IPC on the basis

of the compromise should be accepted. As has been held in Narinder Singh

Ors. case (supra) those cases where a settlement is arrived at immediately

after the alleged commission of the offence, the High Court may be liberal

in accepting the settlement to quash the criminal proceedings. Moreover, the

petitioner has now solemnized marriage with the prosecutrix and they are

said to be residing together happily.

10. Consequently, keeping in view the peculiar facts and

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circumstances of the present case and in view of the above ratios of law, this

petition is allowed and the FIR No. 89 dated 16.08.2017, registered under

Section 376 of the Indian Penal Code at Women Police Station, District

Patiala (Annexure P-1) and all subsequent proceedings arising out of the

same are quashed qua the petitioner herein.

January 18, 2017 (JAISHREE THAKUR)
Waseem Ansari JUDGE

Whether speaking/reasoned Yes/No
Whether reportable Yes/No

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