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Pradeep Kumar Singh & Ors vs The State Of Bihar Through D. M … on 7 May, 2018

IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT PATNA

Criminal Writ Jurisdiction Case No.2903 of 2017
Arising Out of PS.Case No. – 17 Year- 2016 Thana – M ahila District- PATNA

1. Pradeep Kumar Singh, Son of Mr. Hari Shankar Singh,

2. Hari Shankar Singh, Son of Late Ram Pariksha Singh,

3. Mr. Nirmala Singh, Wife of Hari Shankar Singh,
All are resident of 12/215-R-5 Laxumanpuram Colony, Bajardiha road, P.S.-
Bhelupur, District- Varanasi (U.P.).

…. …. Petitioner/s
Versus

1. The State of Bihar through D. M Patna.

2. Annu Singh, daughter of Brajendra Prasad, resident of D/142 P.C. Colony,
P.O.- Lohia Nagar, P.S.- Kankarbagh, Kankarbagh, District- Patna.

…. …. Respondent/s

Appearance:

For the Petitioners: Mr. Sandeep Kumar,
Mrs. Archana Sinha and
Mr. Alok Kumar Shahi, Advocates.
For the State: Mr. Saroj Kumar Sharma, AC to AAG 3.
For the Informant: Mr. Anil Kumar Sinha, Advocate.

CORAM: HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE RAJEEV RANJAN PRASAD
ORAL JUDGMENT
Date: 07-05-2018

The three petitioners initially moved this Court for

quashing of the First Information Report being Mahila P.S. Case No.

17/2016 (G.R. No. 2350/2016) registered under Sections 498A and 34

of the Indian Penal Code read with Sections 3/4 of the Dowry

Prohibition Act. Petitioner no. 1 is the husband of the respondent no. 2

whereas petitioners no. 2 and 3 are the father-in-law and the mother-

in-law respectively.

2. It is the case of the respondent no. 2 that after her

divorce with her first husband, namely, Dipak Kumar Singh, her
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marriage was fixed with petitioner no. 1 on 26.11.2015 in Markandey

Mandir, Varanashi. It is alleged that her husband had made the father

of the respondent no. 2 to believe that his family members would have

no objection on the respondent no. 2 being a divorcee but suddenly

the petitioner no. 1 gave a telephone call to the father of the

respondent no. 2 and informed him that the marriage cannot be

solemnized on 26.11.2015 because his Bank A/C was attached by the

Income Tax Department and a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs is required for

purpose of marriage expenses. It is alleged that on this information the

father of the respondent no. 2 gave a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs out of which

Rs. 8,50,000/- was deposited in the Bank A/C of a family friend of her

husband and her father gave gifts in a sum of Rs. 1,01,000/- in cash,

one golden chain, one golden ring and also gave to the respondent no.

2 Rs. 50,000/- in cash, chain, finger ring, Payal, etc. The marriage was

solemnized on 26.11.2015 in Mahadev Mandir at Varanashi in

presence of Maikey people and Sasural people in accordance with

Hindu rites and customs.

3. It is further alleged that after her marriage she came to

her Sasural and there she found that Sasural people were talking

something but she was unable to understand as to what they were

planning. It is alleged that her husband left her at Patna Maikey on

01.01.2016 and told her that he was going to Jaipur. Her husband
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promised her to come back on 14.01.2016 to take her with himself but

thereafter her husband told her over telephone to demand a sum of Rs.

1 lakh in cash and the amount kept in fixed deposit in her name and

only when the same will be given he will take her with himself. It is

stated that on this her father tried to convince her husband but he did

not agree. It is alleged that with effect from 26.01.2016 her husband

put her telephone no. and residential telephone no. on the Reject Call

Mode. She alleged that when she tried to give a call to her mother-in-

law and father-in-law they were not picking up her call, therefore, she

alleged that being harassed she came back to Varanashi with her

father and brother-in-law (Bahnoi).

4. It is also alleged that they were not allowed to enter in

the house by her Sasural people, thereafter, she had submitted a

written complaint vide letter no. DR-322 dated 04.03.2016 to Mahila

Police Station. Her husband was called upon to place his case in

Mahila Police Station within three days but he did not turn up. In the

last line of her complaint she requested the Officer-in-charge of

Mahila Police Station, Gandhi Maidan, Patna to register a case against

her husband, mother-in-law and father-in-law and to initiate legal

action against them.

5. It appears that during pendency of the Writ Application,

on filing of a chargesheet by police, the learned Judicial Magistrate 1st
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Class, Patna took cognizance of the offences U/S 498A/34 IPC read

with Sections 3/4 of the Dowry Prohibition Act and all the accused

persons were summoned. Petitioner no. 1 was granted anticipatory

bail by this Hon’ble Court vide order passed in Cr. Misc. No.

30417/2016 dated 17.04.2017 on taking note of the submission made

by the learned counsel for the petitioner no. 1 that he would pay a sum

of Rs. 2,500/- per month to the informant from May, 2017 subject to

any order being passed in matrimonial and maintenance proceedings.

6. It appears that petitioner no. 1 failed to comply with the

order and moved the Hon’ble Supreme court against part of the order

by which he was directed to pay Rs. 2,500/- towards maintenance

subject to final order in maintenance proceedings. The Hon’ble

Supreme Court having noted the contentions of the parties observed

that “It would be more appropriate for the petitioner to approach

the High Court again and make an application in this regard.”

During this period, since petitioner no. 1 failed to comply with the

condition, a warrant of arrest was being issued against him but during

pendency of the Writ Application he has paid the outstanding amount

@ Rs. 2500/- per month through a Demand Draft which was handed

over to the learned counsel representing the petitioner no. 2 in this

case.

7. The order taking cognizance has been brought on record
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by way of a Supplementary Affidavit. Again, vide I.A. No. 1402/2018

the order taking cognizance dated 28.08.2017, which is Annexure-5 to

the Supplementary Affidavit, has been challenged with a prayer

seeking amendment in the prayer portion of the Writ Application.

8. In course of argument learned counsel representing the

petitioners initially attempted to press the Writ Application for

quashing of the First Information Report and the order taking

cognizance on behalf of the three writ petitioners but soon after some

argument having noticed the difficulty in pressing the application on

behalf of the husband (petitioner no. 1) learned counsel for the

petitioners made a statement at the Bar that he would not press this

application insofar as it relates to the husband (petitioner no. 1); he

has sought to confine his prayers with respect to the father-in-law

(petitioner no. 2) and the mother-in-law (petitioner no. 3). In view of

this stand of the learned counsel representing the petitioners, the

present application insofar as it relates to the husband (petitioner no.1)

is dismissed as not pressed.

9. The Writ Application and the amendment in the prayer

portion challenging the order taking cognizance are now confined to

the father-in-law (petitioner no. 2) and the mother-in-law (petitioner

no. 3) respectively.

10. Learned counsel representing the remaining petitioners
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has read out the First Information Report whereunder at no place there

is any whisper of allegation against the father-in-law and the mother-

in-law. Learned counsel submits that a bare reading of the F.I.R.,

without adding or subtracting anything out of it, it may be found that

prior to fixing of the marriage no talk was alleged to have taken place

with these petitioners. There is a categorical statement that whatever

talks or promises or demand had taken place were allegedly between

the father of the respondent no. 2 and her husband (petitioner no. 1).

The amount of Rs. 8,50,000/- has not been paid in the A/C of these

petitioners, the allegation is that her husband had told her father that

the marriage cannot be solemnized on 26.11.2015 because his Bank

A/C was attached and a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs was required for marriage

expenses. There is no allegation at all that at any point of time, either

before marriage or after marriage, these petitioners had demanded any

money. From a bare perusal of the F.I.R. it appears that even after the

marriage the respondent no. 2 had not resided with these petitioners

which is apparent from her own statement that she tried to talk to her

mother-in-law and father-in-law over telephone, meaning thereby that

the respondent no. 2 was not residing with her mother-in-law and

father-in-law.

11. In the nature of the allegations learned counsel submits

that this Court will find that it is one of the cases where the mother-in-
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law and the father-in-law are being prosecuted only because they

happen to be the near relations and kith and kin of the husband. It is

thus the submission of the learned counsel for the petitioners that the

present application as also the amendment application are fit to be

allowed as against the father-in-law and the mother-in-law.

12. On the other hand, learned counsel representing the

respondent no. 2 even though vehemently argued against the husband

(petitioner no. 1) but when the learned counsel for the petitioners

made it clear that he would not press his application with regard to the

petitioner no. 1, learned counsel for the respondent no. 2 has fairly

come out with a stand that the F.I.R., on the face of it, is not making

out any allegation of cruelty or demand of dowry against the father-in-

law and the mother-in-law of the respondent no. 2, he, however,

hastened to add that this does not mean that the father-in-law and the

mother-in-law may be absolved from their responsibility, if not legal,

a social responsibility to ensure that the respondent no. 2 is not

harassed. He has thus submitted that this Court is not required to

interfere with the First Information Report or the order taking

cognizance against the father-in-law and the mother-in-law.

13. Having heard learned counsel for the petitioner and

learned counsel representing the respondent no. 2 and after going

through the contents of the written complaint filed by the respondent
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no. 2 which has given rise to the present case, this Court is of the

considered opinion that the allegations mentioned in the written

complaint nowhere alleges anything against the father-in-law and the

mother-in-law, who are petitioner no. 2 and 3 respectively in this case.

On the contrary, the allegations made by the respondent no. 2 are

clearly showing that the entire negotiations of marriage had taken

place between the father of the respondent no. 2 and the petitioner no.

1. The demand of money for expenses is also alleged against the

petitioner no. 1 only. No act of torture or harassment has been alleged

against the father-in-law and the mother-in-law in the First

Information Report. In fact, the entire written complaint talks of

allegations against petitioner no. 1 but, in the last line of the

complaint, only a request has been made to the Officer-in-charge to

register a case against the father-in-law and the mother-in-law also.

14. In the opinion of this Court it is one of those cases

where the father-in-law and the mother-in-law are being prosecuted

only because they are the parents of the petitioner no. 1, there being

no allegations at all against the father-in-law and the mother-in-law in

the First Information Report, no material could be brought to the

notice of this Court to demonstrate that the order taking cognizance

and issuance of summons against the father-in-law and the mother-in-

law may be allowed to sustain.

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15. In result the prayer in the Writ Application as also the

amendment praying for quashing of the First Information Report and

the order taking cognizance and issuance of summons insofar as they

relate to the father-in-law and the mother-in-law respectively are

allowed.

16. The order taking cognizance as also issuance of

summons against petitioner no. 2 and 3 is hereby set aside, the

prosecution as against them is quashed. The application is partly

allowed.

(Rajeev Ranjan Prasad, J)
Dilip, AR

AFR/NAFR NAFR
CAV DATE N/A
Uploading Date 09.05.2018
Transmission 09.05.2018
Date

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