Section 24 – The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

24. Public Prosecutors.

1[24. Public Prosecutors.

(1) For every High Court, the Central Government or the State Government shall, after consultation with the High Court, appoint a Public Prosecutor and may also appoint one or more Additional Public Prosecutor for conducting in such court, any prosecution, appeal or other proceeding on behalf of the Central Government or State Government, as the case may be.

(2) The Central Government may appoint one or more Public Prosecutors for the purpose of conducting any case or class of cases in any district, or local area.

(3) For every districts the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor and may also appoint one or more Additional Public Prosecutors for the district:

Provided that the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor appointed for one district may be appointed also to be a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor, as the case may be, for another district.

(4) The District Magistrate shall, in consultation with the Sessions Judge, prepare, a panel of names of persons, who are, in his opinion fit to be appointed as Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutors for the district.

(5) No person shall be appointed by the State Government as the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district unless his name appears in the panel of names prepared by the District Magistrate under sub-section (4).

(6) Not withstanding anything contained in sub-section (5), where in a State there exists a regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers, the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor only from among the persons constituting, such Cadre:

Provided that where, in the opinion of the State Government, no suitable person is available in such Cadre for such appointment that Government may appoint a person as Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor, as the case may be, from the panel of names prepared by, the District Magistrate under sub-section (4).

2Explanation - For the purspose of sub-section,–

(a) “regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers” means a Cadre of Prosecuting Officers which includes therein the post of a Public Prosecutor, by whatever name called, and which provides for promotion of Assistant Public Prosecutors, by whatever name called, to that post;

(b) “Prosecuting Officer” means a person, by whatever name called, appointed to perform the functions of a Public Prosecutor, an Additional Public Prosecutor or an Assistant Public Prosecutor under this Code.

(7) A person shall be eligible to be appointed as a public Prosecutor under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) or sub-section (6), only if he has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years.

(8) The Central Government or the State Government may appoint, for the purposes of any case or class of cases, a person who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than ten years as a Special Public Prosecutor:

3[“Provided that the Court may permit the victim to engage an advocate of his choice to assist the prosecution under this sub-section.”]

(9) For the purposes of sub-section (7) and sub-section (8), the period during which a person has been in practice, is a pleader, or has rendered (whether before or after the commencement of this Code) service as a Public Prosecutor or as an Additional Public Prosecutor or Assistant Public Prosecutor or other Prosecuting Officer, by whatever name called, shall be deemed to be the period during which such person has been in practice as an advocate.]

——————–

1. Subs. by Act 45 of 1978 sec. 8, for section 24 (w.e.f 18-12-1978).

2. Ins. by Act 25 of 2005, sec. 3 (w.r.e.f. 18-12-1978).

3. Ins. by Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2008 (Act No. 5 of 2009, dt. 7.1.2009)

STATE AMENDMENTS

Bihar:

In section 24, for subsection (6) the following sub-section shall be substituted.

“(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5) where in a State there exists a in a State there exists a regular Cadre of prosecuting officers, the State Government may also appoint a Public Prosecutor from among the persons constituting such Cadre.-

[Vide Bihar Act 16 of 1984 sec. 2 (w.e.f. 24-8-1984)].

Haryana:

To Sub-section (6) of section 24, the following Explanation shall be added, namely.

“Explanation.For the Purpose of sub-section (6), the persons constituting the Haryana State Prosecution Legal Service (Group A) or Haryana State Prosecution Legal Service (Group B), shall be deemed to be a regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers.

[Vide Haryana Act 14 of 1985, sec. 2].

Karnataka:

In section 24 of the Principle Act, in sub-section (1), -

(i) the words “or the State Government shall”, shall be omitted; and

(ii) for the words “appoint a Public Prosecutor” the words “or the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor” shall be substituted.

[Vide Karnataka Act 20 of 1982, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 3-9-1981)].

Madhya Pradesh:

In section 24, -

(i) in sub-section (6), for the words, ‘rackets and figure “Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (5)”, the words, brackets, letter and figures “Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5), but subject to the provisions of sub-section (6-A)” shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from 18th December, 1978;

(ii) after sub-section (6), the following sub-section shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from 18th December 1978, namely:

“(6-A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (6), the State Government may appoint a person who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years as the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district and it shall not be necessary to appoint the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district from among the person constituting the Cadre of Prosecution Officers in the State of Madhya Pradesh and the provisions of sub-section (4) and (5) shall apply to the appointment of a Public Prosecutor Additional Public Prosecutor under this sub-section”:

(iii) in sub-section (7), after the words, bracket and figure “sub-section (6)”, the words, brackets, figure and letter “or sub-section (6-A)” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from 18th December, 1978: and

(iv). in sub-section (9), for the words, brackets and figure, “sub-section (7)”, the words, brackets, figures and letter “sub-section (6-A) and sub-section (7)” shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from 18th December 1978.

(Vide M.P. Act 21 of 1995, sec. 3 (w.e.f. 24-5-1995).

Maharashtra:

In section 24, -

(a) in sub-section (1), the words “after consultation with the High Court” shall be deleted;

(b) in sub-section (4), for the words “in consultation with the Sessions Judge” the words “with the approval of the State Government”, shall be substituted.

[Vide Maharashtra Act 34 of 1981 sec. 2 (w.e.f 20-5-1981)].

Rajasthan:

In section 24, for sub-section (6) shall be substituted by the following, namely.

“(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5), wherein a State there exists a regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers, the
State Government may also appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor from among the persons constituting such Cadre.”

[Vide Rajasthan Act 1 of 1981, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 10-12-1980)].

Tamil Nadu:

In section 24 -

(a) in sub-section (6), after the expression “sub-section (5)” insert the following. Namely.

“But subject to the provisions of sub-section (6-A)”:

(b) After sub-section (6), insert the following sub-section namely.

“(6-A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (6), the State Government may appoint a person who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years, as the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district and it shall not be necessary to appoint the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public

Prosecutor for the district from among the persons constituting the Cadre of Prosecuting Officers in the State of, Tamil Nadu and the provisions of sub-sections (4) and (5) shall apply, to the appointment of a Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor under this sub-section.”

(c) “In sub-section (7), after the expression “sub-section (6)” insert “or sub-section (6A)”.

[Vide T.N. Act 42 of 1980 sec. 2 (w.e.f 1-12-1980)].

Uttar Pradesh:

In section 24, -

(a) In subsection (1) after the words “Public Prosecutor” the words and one or more Additional Public Prosecutors shall be inserted and be deemed always to have been inserted.

(b) After sub-section (6), the following sub-section shall be inserted and be deemed always to have been inserted, namely.

“(7) For the purpose of sub-sections (5) and (6), the period during which a person has been in practice as a pleader, or has rendered service as a Public Prosecutor, shall be deemed to be the period during which such person has been in practice as an advocate.

[Vide U.P. Act 33 of 1978, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 9-10-1978)].

In section 24, -

(a) In sub-section (1), the words “after consultation with the High Courts” shall be omitted;

(b) Sub-sections (4), (5) and (6) shall be omitted;

(c) In subsection (7), the words “or sub-section (6)” shall be omitted.

[Vide U.P. Act 18 of 1991, sec. 2 (w.e.f 16-2-1991)].

West Bengal:

In subsection (6) of section 24, for the words “shall appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor only” the words “may also appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor” shall be substituted.

[Vide W.B. Act 26 of 1990.]

In Sub-section (6) of’ section 24, the proviso shall be omitted.

[Vide, W.B. Act 25 of 1992].

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Section 24 – The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

 

 

24. Public Prosecutors.

 

1[24. Public Prosecutors.

 

(1) For every High Court, the Central Government or the State Government shall, after consultation with the High Court, appoint a Public Prosecutor and may also appoint one or more Additional Public Prosecutor for conducting in such court, any prosecution, appeal or other proceeding on behalf of the Central Government or State Government, as the case may be.

 

(2) The Central Government may appoint one or more Public Prosecutors for the purpose of conducting any case or class of cases in any district, or local area.

 

(3) For every districts the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor and may also appoint one or more Additional Public Prosecutors for the district:

 

Provided that the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor appointed for one district may be appointed also to be a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor, as the case may be, for another district.

 

(4) The District Magistrate shall, in consolation with the Sessions Judge, prepare, a panel of names of persons, who are, in his opinion fit to be appointed as Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutors for the district.

 

(5) No person shall be appointed by the State Government as the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district unless his name appears in the panel of names prepared by the District Magistrate under sub-section (4).

 

(6) Not withstanding anything contained in sub-section (5), where in a State there exists a regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers, the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor only from among the persons constituting, such Cadre:

 

Provided that where, in the opinion of the State Government, no suitable person is available in such Cadre for such appointment that Government may appoint a person as Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor, as the case may be, from the panel of names prepared by, the District Magistrate under sub-section (4).

 

(7) A person shall be eligible to be appointed as a public Prosecutor under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) or sub-section (6), only if he has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years.

 

(8) The Central Government or the State Government may appoint, for the purposes of any case or class of cases, a person who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than ten years as a Special Public Prosecutor.

 

(9) For the purposes of sub-section (7) and sub-section (8), the period during which a person has been in practice, is a pleader, or has rendered (whether before or after the commencement of this Code) service as a Public Prosecutor or as an Additional Public Prosecutor or Assistant Public Prosecutor or other Prosecuting Officer, by whatever name called, shall be deemed to be the period during which such person has been in practice as an advocate.]

 

1. Subs. by Act 45 of 1978 sec. 8, for section 24 (w.e.f 18-12-1978).

 

STATE AMENDMENTS

 

Bihar:

 

In section 24, for subsection (6) the following sub-section shall be substituted.

 

“(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5) where in a State there exists a in a State there exists a regular Cadre of prosecuting officers, the State Government may also appoint a Public Prosecutor from among
the persons constituting such Cadre.-

 

[Vide Bihar Act 16 of 1984 sec. 2 (w.e.f. 24-8-1984)].

 

Haryana:

 

To Sub-section (6) of section 24, the following Explanation shall be added, namely.

 

“Explanation.For the Purpose of sub-section (6), the persons constituting the Haryana State Prosecution Legal Service (Group A) or Haryana State Prosecution Legal Service (Group B), shall be deemed to be a regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers.

 

[Vide Haryana Act 14 of 1985, sec. 2].

 

Karnataka:

 

In section 24 of the Principle Act, in sub-section (1), -

 

(i) The words “or the State Government shall”, shall be omitted; and

 

(ii) For the words “appoint a Public Prosecutor” the words “or the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor” shall be substituted.

 

[Vide Karnataka Act 20 of 1982, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 3-9-1981)].

 

Madhya Pradesh:

 

In section 24, -

 

(i) In sub-section (6), for the words, ‘rackets and figure “Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (5)”, the words, brackets, letter and figures “Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5), but subject to the provisions of sub-section (6-A)” shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from 18th December, 1978;

 

(ii) After sub-section (6), the following sub-section shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from 18th December 1978, namely:

 

“(6-A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (6), the State Government may appoint a person who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years as the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district and it shall not be necessary to appoint the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district from among the person constituting the Cadre of Prosecution Officers in the State of Madhya Pradesh and the provisions of sub-section (4) and (5) shall apply to the appointment of a Public Prosecutor Additional Public Prosecutor under this sub-section”:

 

(iii) In sub-section (7), after the words, bracket and figure “sub-section (6)”, the words, brackets, figure and letter “or sub-section (6-A)” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from 18th December, 1978: and

 

(iv). In sub-section (9), for the words, brackets and figure, “sub-section (7)”, the words, brackets, figures and letter “sub-section (6-A) and sub-section (7)” shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from 18th December 1978.

 

(Vide M.P. Act 21 of 1995, sec. 3 (w.e.f. 24-5-1995).

 

Maharashtra:

 

In section 24, -

 

(a) In sub-section (1), the words “after consultation with the High Court” shall be deleted;

 

(b) In sub-section (4), for the words “in consultation with the Sessions Judge” the words “with the approval of the State Government”, shall be substituted.

 

[Vide Maharashtra Act 34 of 1981 sec. 2 (w.e.f 20-5-1981)].

 

Rajasthan:

 

In section 24, for sub-section (6) shall be substituted by the following, namely.

 

“(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5), wherein a State there exists a regular Cadre of Prosecuting Of
ficers, the State Government may also appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor from among the persons constituting such Cadre.”

 

[Vide Rajasthan Act 1 of 1981, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 10-12-1980)].

 

Tamil Nadu:

 

In section 24 -

 

(a) . In sub-section (6), after the expression “sub-section (5)” insert the following. Namely.

 

“But subject to the provisions of sub-section (6-A)”:

 

(b) After sub-section (6), insert the following sub-section namely.

 

“(6-A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (6), the State Government may appoint a person who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years, as the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor for the district and it shall not be necessary to appoint the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public

 

Prosecutor for the district from among the persons constituting the Cadre of Prosecuting Officers in the State of, Tamil Nadu and the provisions of sub-sections (4) and (5) shall apply, to the appointment of a Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor under this sub-section.”

 

(c) “In sub-section (7), after the expression “sub-section (6)” insert “or sub-section (6A)”.

 

[Vide T.N. Act 42 of 1980 sec. 2 (w.e.f 1-12-1980)].

 

Uttar Pradesh:

 

In section 24, -

 

(a) In subsection (1) after the words “Public Prosecutor” the words and one or more Additional Public Prosecutors shall be inserted and be deemed always to have been inserted.

 

(b) After sub-section (6), the following sub-section shall be inserted and be deemed always to have been inserted, namely.

 

“(7) For the purpose of sub-sections (5) and (6), the period during which a person has been in practice as a pleader, or has rendered service as a Public Prosecutor, shall be deemed to be the period during which such person has been in practice as an advocate.

 

[Vide U.P. Act 33 of 1978, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 9-10-1978)].

 

In section 24, -

 

(a) In sub-section (1), the words “after consultation with the High Courts” shall be omitted;

 

(b) Sub-sections (4), (5) and (6) shall be omitted;

 

(c) In subsection (7), the words “or sub-section (6)” shall be omitted.

 

[Vide U.P. Act 18 of 1991, sec. 2 (w.e.f 16-2-1991)].

 

West Bengal:

 

In subsection (6) of section 24, for the words “shall appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor only” the words “may also appoint a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor” shall be substituted.

 

[Vide W.B. Act 26 of 1990.]

 

In Sub-section (6) of’ section 24, the proviso shall be omitted.

 

[Vide, W.B. Act 25 of 1992].

 

 

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