Section 320 – The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

320. Compounding of offences.

(1) The offences punishable under the sections of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) specified in the first two columns of the Table next following may be compounded by the persons mentioned in the third column of that Table.

Offence Section of the Indian Penal Code Applicable Person by whom offence may be compounded.
1 2 3
Uttering wards, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious feeling of any person 298 The person whose religious feelings are intended to be wounded
Causing Hurt. 323, 334 The person to whom the hurt is caused. .
Wrongfully restraining or confining any person. 341, 342 The person restrained or confined.
Assault or use of Criminal force 352, 355, 358 The person assaulted or to whom criminal force is used.
Mischief, when the only loss or damage caused is loss or damage to a private person. 426, 427 The Person to whom loss or damage is caused.
Criminal trespass. 447 The Person in possession of property trespassed upon.
House trespass 448 Ditto
Criminal breach of contract of service 491 The person with whom the offender has contracted
Adultery. 497 The husband of the woman
Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman 498 Ditto.
1[Defamation, except such case as are specified against section 500 of the Indian Penal Code in column 1 of the table under sub section (2).] 500 The person defamed.
Printing or engraving matter, knowing it to be defamatory. 501 Ditto.
Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter, knowing it to contain such matter. 502 Ditto.
Insult intended to provoke a breach of the peace. 504 The person insulted.
Criminal intimidation except when the offence is punishable with imprisonment for seven years. 506 The person intimidated
Act caused by making a person believe that he will be an object of divine displeasure. 508 The person against whom the offence was committed.

1. Subs. by Act 45 of 1978, sec. 25, for “Defamation (w.e.f. 18-12-1978)”

(2) The offences punishable under the section of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) specified in the first two columns of the table next following may, with the permission of the court before which any prosecution for such offence is pending, be compounded by the persons mentioned in the third column of that table.

TABLE

Offence Section of the Indian Penal Code applicable Person by whom offence may be compounded
1 2 3
2[********]
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt. 325 3[The person to whom hurt is caused]
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on grave and sudden provocation. 335 Ditto.
Causing hurt by doing an act so rashly and negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others. 337 Ditto.
Causing grievous hurt by doing an act so rashly and negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others. 338 Ditto.
Wrongfully confining a person for three days or more. 343 The person confined.
Wrongfully confining for ten or more days. 344 Ditto.
Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty. 354 The woman assaulted to whom the criminal force was used.
Assault or criminal force in attempting wrongfully to confine a person. 357 The person assaulted to whom the force was used.
Theft, where the value of property stolen does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 379 The owner of the property stolen.
Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master, where the value of the property stolen does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 381 Ditto
Dishonest misappropriation of property. 403 The owner of the property misappropriated.
Criminal breach of trust, where the value of the property does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 406 The owner of the property in respect of which the breach of trust has been committed.
Criminal breach of trust by a carrier, wharfinger, etc. value of property does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 407 Ditto
Criminal breach of trust by a clerk or servant, where the value of the property does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 408 Ditto.
Dishonestly receiving stolen property, knowing it to be stolen, when the value of the stolen property does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 411 The owner of the property stolen.
Assisting in the concealment or disposal of stolen property, knowing it to be stolen, where the value of the stolen property does not exceed 4[two thousand rupees]. 414 The owner of the property stolen.
Cheating. 417 The person cheated.
Cheating a person whose interest the offender was bound. Either by law or by legal contract, to protect. 418 Ditto.
Cheating by personation: 419 Ditto.
Cheating and dishonestly including delivery of property or the making, alteration or destruction of a valuable security. 420 Ditto.
Fraudulent removal or concealment of property, etc. to prevent distribution among creditors. 421 The creditors who are affected thereby.
Fraudulently preventing from being made available for his creditors a debit or demand due to the offender. 422 Ditto.
Fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing false statement of consideration. 423 The person affected thereby.
Fraudulent removal or concealment of property. 424 Ditto.
Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees or up wards. 428 The owner of the animal.
Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc. of any value or of any other animal of the value of fifty rupees or up wards. 429 The owner of the cattle or animal.
Mischief by injury to work of irrigation by wrongfully diverting water when the only loss or damage caused is loss or damage to a private person. 430 The person to whom the loss or damage is caused.
House-trespass to commit an offence (other than theft) punishable with imprisonment. 451 The person in possession of the house-trespassed upon.
Counterfeiting a trade or property mark used by another. 483 The person whose trade or property mark is counterfeited.
Knowingly selling or exposing or possessing for sale or for manufacturing purpose. Good marked with a counterfeited property mark. 486 Ditto.
Marrying again during the lifetime of a husband or wife. 494 The husband or wife of the person so marrying.
Defamation against the President or the Vice-President or the Governor of a State or the Administrator of a Union territory or a Minister in respect of his conduct in the discharge of his public functions when instituted upon a complaint made by the public prosecutor. 500 The person defamed.
Uttering wards or sounds or making gestures or exhibiting any object intending to insult the modesty of a woman or intruding upon the privacy of a woman. 509 The woman whom it was intended to insult or whose privacy was intruded upon.

______________________

2. The entry “Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means. 324 The person to whom hurt is caused.”

omitted by Act 25 of 2005, sec. 28.

3. Subs. by Act 25 of 2005, sec. 28, for “Ditto”.

4. Subs. by Act 25 of 2005, sec. 28, for “two hundred and fifty rupees”.

(3) When any offence is compoundable under this section, the abetment of such offence or an attempt to commit such offence (When such attempt is itself an offence) may be compounded in like manner.

(4) (a) When the person who would otherwise be competent to compound an offence under this section is under the age of eighteen years or is an idiot or a lunatic, any person competent to contract on his behalf, may, with the permission of the Court compound such offence. (b) When the person who would otherwise be competent to compound an offence under this section is dead, the legal representative, as defined in the Code of Civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) of such person may, with the consent of the court compound such offence.

(5) When the accused has been committed for trial or when he has been convicted and an appeal is pending no composition for the offence shall be allowed without the leave of the court to which he is committed, or as the case may be, before which the appeal is to be heard.

(6) A High Court or Court of session acting in the exercise of its power of revision under section 401 may allow any person to compound any offence which such person is competent to compound under this section.

(7) No offence shall be compounded if the accused is, by reason of previous conviction, liable either to enhanced punishment or to a punishment of a different kind for such offence.

(8) The Composition of an offence under this section shall have the effect of an acquittal of the accused with whom the offence has been compounded.

(9) No offence shall be compounded except as provided by this section.

Cr PC (Amendment) Act, 2005 (Notes on Clauses)

The Table appended to sub-section (2) has been amended so as to make the offence under section 324 o the Indian Penal Code, a non-compoundable offence and to enhance the value of the property mentioned in respect of sections 379, 381, 406, 407, 408, 411 and 414 of the Indian Penal Code to two thousand rupees instead of two hundred and fifty rupees since the value of money has gone down considerably.

State Amendment

Madhya Pradesh.

In section, in the table below sub-section (2),-. (i) in column first, second and third before section 324 and entries relating thereto, the following sections and entries relating thereto shall be inserted, namely:-.

“(1) (2) (3)
Rioting 147

The person against whom the force or violence is used at the time of committing an offence:

Provided that the accused is not charged with other offence which is not compundable.
Rioting armed with deadly weapon 148

The person against whom the force or violence is used at the time of committing an offence:

Provided that the accused is not charged with other offence which is not compundable.
Obscene acts or use of obscene words 294 The person against whom abscene acts were done or obscene words were used.”
(ii) in column first, second and third, after section 500 and entries relating thereto, the following section and entries relating thereto shall be inserted, namely:-
Criminal intimidation if threat to be cause death or grievous hurt, etc. Part II of section 506 The person against whom the offence of Criminal Intimidation was committed.”

[Vide Madhya Pradesh Act 17 of 1999, sec. 3 (w.e.f. 21-5-1999)]

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Section 320 – The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)

 

 

320. Compounding of offences.

 

(1) The offences punishable under the sections of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) specified in the first two columns of the Table next following may be compounded by the persons mentioned in the third column of that Table.

 

Offence Section of the Indian Penal Code Applicable Person by whom offence may be compounded.
1 2 3
Uttering wards, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious feeling of any person 298 The person whose religious feelings are intended to be wounded
Causing Hurt. 323, 334 The person to whom the hurt is caused. .
Wrongfully restraining or confining any person. 341, 342 The person restrained or confined.
Assault or use of Criminal force 352, 355, 358 The person assaulted or to whom criminal force is used.
Mischief, when the only loss or damage caused is loss or damage to a private person. 426, 427 The Person to whom loss or damage is caused.
Criminal trespass. 447 The Person in possession of property trespassed upon.
House trespass 448 Ditto
Criminal breach of contract of service 491 The person with whom the offender has contracted
Adultery. 497 The husband of the woman
Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman 498 Ditto.
1[Defamation, except such case as are specified against section 500 of the Indian Penal Code in column 1 of the table under sub section (2).] 500 The person defamed.
Printing or engraving matter, knowing it to be defamatory. 501 Ditto.
Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter, knowing it to contain such matter. 502 Ditto.
Insult intended to provoke a breach of the peace. 504 The person insulted.
Criminal intimidation except when the offence is punishable with imprisonment for seven years. 506 The person intimidated
Act caused by making a person believe that he will be an object of divine displeasure. 508 The person against whom the offence was committed.

 

1. Subs. by Act 45 of 1978, sec. 25, for “Defamation (w.e.f. 18-12-1978)”

 

(2) The offences punishable under the section of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) specified in the first two columns of the table next following may, with the permission of the court before which any prosecution for such offence is pending, be compounded by the persons mentioned in the third column of that table.

TABLE

 

Offence Section of the Indian Penal Code applicable Person by whom offence may be compounded
1 2 3
Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means 324 The person to whom hurt is caused.
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt. 325 Ditto.
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on grave and sudden provocation. 335 Ditto.
Causing hurt by doing an act so rashly and negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others. 337 Ditto.
Causing grievous hurt by doing an act so rashly and negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others. 338 Ditto.
Wrongfully confining a person for three days or more. 343 The person confined.
Wrongfully confining for ten or more days. 344 Ditto.
Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty. 354 The woman assaulted to whom the criminal force was used.
Assault or criminal force in attempting wrongfully to confine a person. 357 The person assaulted to whom the force was used.
Theft, where the value of property stolen does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees. 379 The owner of the property stolen.
Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master, where the value of the property stolen does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees. 381 Ditto
Dishonest misappropriation of property. 403 The owner of the property misappropriated.
Criminal breach of trust, where the value of the property does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees. 406 The owner of the property in respect of which the breach of trust has been committed.
Criminal breach of trust by a carrier, wharfinger, etc. value of property does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees 407 Ditto
Criminal breach of trust by a clerk or servant, where the value of the property does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees. 408 Ditto.
Dishonestly receiving stolen property, knowing it to be stolen, when the value of the stolen property does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees. 411 The owner of the property stolen.
Assisting in the concealment or disposal of stolen property, knowing it to be stolen, where the value of the stolen property does not exceed two hundred and fifty rupees. 414 The owner of the property stolen.
Cheating. 417 The person cheated.
Cheating a person whose interest the offender was bound. Either by law or by legal contract, to protect. 418 Ditto.
Cheating by personation: 419 Ditto.
Cheating and dishonestly including delivery of property or the making, alteration or destruction of a valuable security. 420 Ditto.
Fraudulent removal or concealment of property, etc. to prevent distribution among creditors. 421 The creditors who are affected thereby.
Fraudulently preventing from being made available for his creditors a debit or demand due to the offender. 422 Ditto.
Fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing false statement of consideration. 423 The person affected thereby.
Fraudulent removal or concealment of property. 424 Ditto.
Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees or up wards. 428 The owner of the animal.
Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc. of any value or of any other animal of the value of fifty rupees or up wards. 429 The owner of the cattle or animal.
Mischief by injury to work of irrigation by wrongfully diverting water when the only loss or damage caused is loss or damage to a private person. 430 The person to whom the loss or damage is caused.
House-trespass to commit an offence (other than theft) punishable with imprisonment. 451 The person in possession of the house-trespassed upon.
Counterfeiting a trade or property mark used by another. 483 The person whose trade or property mark is counterfeited.
Knowingly selling or exposing or possessing for sale or for manufacturing purpose. Good marked with a counterfeited property mark. 486 Ditto.
Marrying again during the lifetime of a husband or wife. 494 The husband or wife of the person so marrying.
Defamation against the President or the Vice-President or the Governor of a State or the Administrator of a Union territory or a Minister in respect of his conduct in the discharge of his public functions when instituted upon a complaint made by the public prosecutor. 500 The person defamed.
Uttering wards or sounds or making gestures or exhibiting any object intending to insult the modesty of a woman or intruding upon the privacy of a woman. 509 The woman whom it was intended to insult or whose privacy was intruded upon.

 

(3) When any offence is compoundable under this section, the abetment of such offence or an attempt to commit such offence (When such attempt is itself an offence) may be compounded in like manner.

 

(4) (a) When the person who would otherwise be competent to compound an offence under this section is under the age of eighteen years or is an idiot or a lunatic, any person competent to contract on his behalf, may, with the permission of the Court compound such offence. (b) When the person who would otherwise be competent to compound an offence under this section is dead, the legal representative, as defined in the Code of Civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) of such person may, with the consent of the court comp
ound such offence.

 

(5) When the accused has been committed for trial or when he has been convicted and an appeal is pending no composition for the offence shall be allowed without the leave of the court to which he is committed, or as the case may be, before which the appeal is to be heard.

 

(6) A High Court or Court of session acting in the exercise of its power of revision under section 401 may allow any person to compound any offence which such person is competent to compound under this section.

 

(7) No offence shall be compounded if the accused is, by reason of previous conviction, liable either to enhanced punishment or to a punishment of a different kind for such offence.

 

(8) The Composition of an offence under this section shall have the effect of an acquittal of the accused with whom the offence has been compounded.

 

(9) No offence shall be compounded except as provided by this section.

 

State Amendment

 

Madhya Pradesh.

 

In section, in the table below sub-section (2),-. (i) in column first, second and third before section 324 and entries relating thereto, the following sections and entries relating thereto shall be inserted, namely:-.

 

“(1) (2) (3)
Rioting 147

The person against whom the force or violence is used at the time of committing an offence:

Provided that the accused is not charged with other offence which is not compundable.
Rioting armed with deadly weapon 148

The person against whom the force or violence is used at the time of committing an offence:

Provided that the accused is not charged with other offence which is not compundable.
Obscene acts or use of obscene words 294 The person against whom abscene acts were done or obscene words were used.”
(ii) in column first, second and third, after section 500 and entries relating thereto, the following section and entries relating thereto shall be inserted, namely:-
Criminal intimidation if threat to be cause death or grievous hurt, etc. Part II of section 506 The person against whom the offence of Criminal Intimidation was committed.”

 

[Vide Madhya Pradesh Act 17 of 1999, sec. 3 (w.e.f. 21-5-1999)]

 

 

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