Cannabis is a flowering plant species,Cannabis belongs to the genus Cannabis in the family Cannabaceae that includes three different varieties, Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis; Hemp is a variety of cannabis Sativa that is grown for the fiber and seeds; which is also called as Industrial hemp or Ihemp.
Cannabis is a native of India, and widely grown in wild in North India. Cannabis Sativa varieties may grow more than six metres tall. it is ready for harvesting only 120 days after it is planted.
Cultivation of hemp for industrial purposes has been done by many civilizations for over 12,000 years. iHemp is used to make over 25,000 consumer products. From hemp apparel and accessories to house wares and hempseed oil cosmetics, hemp is an eco-shopper’s dream. Some of the products made are: clothing, shoes, diapers, rope, canvas, cellophane, paints, fuels, chain lubricants, biodegradable plastics, paper, fiberboard, cement blocks, food, cosmetics, soap, energy bars, hemp salad dressing,hemp milk, hemp protein shakes, hemp oil gel caps and hemp protein powder Hemp is the longest and strongest natural fiber known to man.
Medical cannabis (or medical marijuana) refers to the use of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), as medical therapy to treat disease or alleviate symptoms. Cannabis has been used to reduce nausea and vomiting in chemotherapy and people with AIDS/Cancer, and to treat pain and muscle spasticity, even used for diabetes and treat varities of other problems.
On an annual basis, 1 acre of hemp will produce as much fiber as 2 to 3 acres of cotton. Hemp fiber is stronger and softer than cotton, lasts twice as long as cotton,1 acre of hemp will produce as much paper as 2 to 4 acres of trees. From tissue paper to cardboard, all types of paper products can be produced from hemp.
Hemp seeds contain a protein that is more nutritious and more economical to produce than soybean protein. Hemp seeds are not intoxicating. Hemp seed protein can be used to produce virtually any product made from soybean: tofu, veggie burgers, butter, cheese, salad oils, ice cream, milk, etc. Hemp seed oil can be used to produce non-toxic Biodiesel fuel, paint, varnish, detergent, ink and lubricating oil. Hemp seed can also be ground into a nutritious flour that can be used to produce baked goods such as pasta, cookies, and breads.
Hemp(Cannabis Indica) contains delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the psychoactive ingredient found in Marijuana/hashish or locally called in India as Ganja and also used in Baang. However, ihemp has low THC content(0.3%) which is not toxic so its allowed to grow in many countries including India in controlled farming.
Researchers found beneficial qualities in hempseed oil. They found that some of its components are effective at promoting good health. These include sterols, aliphatic alcohols and linolenic acids.
The Linolenic acids contained in hempseed oil is an omega-3 fatty acid which is preventing coronary heart disease.
The Steroid alcohols is useful in lowering cholesterol, and daily dietary intake of sterols has been linked to a lower risk of heart attack.
The Aliphatic alcohols is known to lower cholesterol and reduce platelet aggregation. One of these alcohols, phytol, is associated with antioxidant and anticancer benefits.
Another antioxidant in hempseed oil is tocopherol, which is known to be beneficial against degenerative diseases, such as atherosclerosis and Alzheimer’s.
Hempseed oil also contain omega-6 fatty acid.
Hempseed also has high levels of vitamins A, C and E and ß-carotene, and it is rich in minerals like phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sulfur and calcium.
Nutritional values (mg/100g)for vitamins and minerals in hempseed
Vitamin E – 90.0
Thiamine(B1) – 0.4
Ribofavin(B2) – 0.1
Phosphorous(P) – 1160
Potassium(K) – 859
Magnesium(Mg) – 483
Calcium(Ca) – 145
Iron(Fe) – 14
Sodium(Na) – 12
Manganese(Mn) – 7
Zinc(Zn) – 7
Copper(Cu) – 2
The Cannabis sativa L. oil is typically over 90% in unsaturated fats, pressed from nondrug varieties of the Cannabisseed, is rich source of the two EFAs, linoleic acid (18:2 omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3 omega-3), in addition to their respective biologic metabolites, gamma-linolenic acid (18:3 omega-6, ‘GLA’) and stearidonic acid (18:4 omega-3, ‘SDA’).The omega-6
to omega-3 ratio (n6/n3) in hempseed oil is normally between 2:1 and 3:1, which is considered to be optimal for human health.
Hemp Seed Oil can used to lowering cholesterol actions and useful in treating degenerative diseases. The Oleic Acid (Omega 9) helps keep arteries supple because of its fluidity. In excess Oleic acid can interfere with EFA’s and prostaglandin’s.
Hemp Seed Oil is such a rich source of both LA (Omega6) and LNA (Omega3)
Alpha Linolenic acid (LNA) Deficiency Symptoms – Treat with Omega3
The symptoms of LNA deficiency include: Growth retardation, weakness, impairment of vision and learning ability, motor in coordination, tingling in arms and legs, behavioral changes, High triglycerides, high blood pressure, sticky platelets, tissue inflammation, edema, dry skin, mental deterioration, low metabolic rate, some kinds of immune dysfunction, Adding LNA back into the diet from which it is missing can reverse these symptoms.
The functions of LNA include: Production of smooth skin increased stamina, speeds healing, increases vitality, brings a feeling of calmness, reduces inflammation, water retention, platelet stickiness and blood pressure, enhances immune functions, reduces the pain and swelling of arthritis, can reverse pre-menstrual syndrome, can treat bacterial infections, brain development in children.
Linoleic acid (LA) Deficiency Symptoms, – Treat with Omega6
The symptoms of LA deficiency include: Eczema-like skin eruptions, loss of hair, liver degeneration, behavioural disturbances, kidney degeneration, excessive water loss through the skin accompanied by thirst, drying up of glands, susceptibility to infections, failure of wound healing, sterility in males, miscarriage in females, arthritis-like conditions, heart and circulatory problems, growth retardation and consumptive disease tuberculosis.
The functions of LA include: Energy production, growth vitality, mental state, oxygen transfer, formation of cell membrane, recovery from fatigue, secretion production in exocrine and endocrine glands, formation of prostaglandin’s (to maintain cardiovascular system) keeping body fluids liquid, helping immune system resist and fight infection, prevention of allergies, functioning of heart tissue.
Analysis of HEMP seed OIL
Color- Bold Green
Odor- Slight nutty odor/characteristic
Beta Carotene- 36.8 IU/100g
pH value- 6.14
THC- none detected
Free Fatty Acids- 0.24% (as Oleic acid)
Peroxide Value- 0.70% meq/kg