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498A Quash judgement – Allahabad High Court

(Court No. 48)

Criminal Misc. Application No. 1240 of 1999

1.Anil Sharma son of late Jeevan Lal Sharma,Resident of House No. 1016 /14 Alwargate,Ajmer.
2.Shiv Nath son of late Jeevan Lal Sharma
3.Shiv Dutt son of late Jeevan Lal Sharma
4.Rajendra son of late Jeevan Lal Sharma
5.Suresh son of late Jeevan Lal Sharma
6.Bhagwan Devi wife of late Jeevan Lal Sharma
7.Anita wife of Shiv Dutt
8.Vineeta wife Suresh
9.Sunita wife Rajendra, R/o 101/6/14, Alwar Gate, Ajmer.
10.Laxmi Narayan Sharma
11.Tulsi Devi wife Laxmi Narayan Sharma.
R/o , 211/40, Balupura Road, Vivek Vihar Colony,
Adarsh Nagar, Ajmer State of Rajasthan. ….. Applicants-Accused.
1.State of U.P.
2.The Station House Officer, Mahila Thana, Agra.
3.Smt. Mamta Sharma D/o R.C.C. Sharma
R/o 31/32/7N/3, Laxmi Puram Rajpur Chauki, Agra. …… Informant-Opp. parties

Hon’ble Barkat Ali Zaidi, J.

1.According to the prosecution version, Opp. Party No. 3 informant
Smt. Mamta Sharma was married to applicant no.1 Anil Sharma of Ajmer
on 3.3.1995 and she was cordially treated for about two and a half
month by her husband and in-laws. Thereafter, she came to Agra to
her parents from where on her return to her in laws as alleged , she
found her husband and in laws quite indifferent to her, they raised
demands of cash of Rs. 50,000/-, a T.V., a V.C.R. and a Scooter from
her and started coercing her to fulfil their demands. Her husband
his, mother Bhagwan Devi applicant no. 6, brothers applicant Nos.
3,4,5 and 2 Shiv Dutt, Suresh , Rajendra and Shiv Nath, applicant
Nos. 7,8 & 9 Anita Vinita and Sunita , wives of Shiv Dutt, Suresh
and Rajendra respectively and husband’s sister applicant no. 11
Tulsi Devi and her husband applicant no.10 Luxmi Narain used to beat
and harass her. It is also alleged that On 8.2.1997, all the accused
made an abortive bid to kill her by sprinkling oil. Thereafter, they
all turned her out from their house. One Sri Mahesh Chandra Goel of
Ajmer , one of the friends of the father of the complainant sent her
by bus to Agra. Her parents alongwith other relatives, thereafter,
went to Ajmer to her husband and in-laws to persuade them but in vain.

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2.It is said that on 8.3.1998 , all the accused came to the house of
the complainant at Agra at 7 O’clock in the morning and asked the
father of the complainant to fulfil their demands so they could take
the complainant, which led to a tussle between the accused and her
father. The wives of her husband’s elder brothers bit her by the
tooth and all the accused beat the complainant. She was rescued by
Mohallawalas . She was taken to District Hospital,Agra where she was
examined on her injuries, and thereafter she lodged a first
information report of the incident on 8.3.1998at Police Station
Rakabganj, Agra. The police investigated the case and in the result
of investigation the police ( Criminal Case No. 17 of 1998) filed a
charge-sheet under Section 498-A, 224 and 506 I.P.C. before Special
Chief Judicial Magistrate, Agra who ordered issuance of summons
against the applicants.

3.That is how the applicants have come to this Court under Section
482 Cr.P.C. for termination of proceedings pending against them.

4.I have heard Sri Sahab Tiwari, advocate for the applicants, Sri
M.B. Singh, advocate for the Opp. Party No. 3 Smt. Mamta Sharma and
Sri R.S. Maurya, Additional Government Advocate for the State.

5.The sequence of facts and circumstances as disclosed above,
furnishes an inescapable impression that the incident is said to
have taken place at Agra, has been introduced only with a view to
sue the applicants at the complainant’s place in Agra. If we exclude
this incident of Marpit, which is said to have taken place at the
house of the wife at Agra, the jurisdiction would otherwise, lie at
Ajmer because the wife was subjected to cruelty and dowry demand at
Ajmer, as has been clearly alleged, in the first information report.

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6.It is obvious and apparent in the circumstances, that the incident
at the house of wife at Agra is fictitious, because, it is not
comprehensible that other members of the in-laws family will travel
down from Ajmer to Agra and indulge in fisticuffs and physical
assault. The obvious purpose for introducing this incident is to
provide jurisdiction to the Agra Court.

7.The counsel for the complainant referred to the injury report,
which furnishes prima-facie evidence about the occurrence having
taken place and about the wife having given a beating. The injury
report by the Medical Officer, District Hospital, Agra mentions the following injuries:
(1) Traumatic swelling 4 cm x 3 cm right side head , 8 cm above right ear.
(2) Right contused Traumatic swelling 4 cm x 2 cm above right shoulder.
(3) Multiple red abraded contusion 3 cm x 3cm front of right forearm in middle.
(4) Red contusion 3 cm x 3.5cm , left thigh upper part.
(5) Complaint of pain front & back of chest.

8.It will appear that all these injuries are of simple in nature,
and in these circumstances arising in the case, mere existence of
such simple injuries on the person of the wife , cannot be
considered sufficient evidence for furnishing an inference, that the
incident of this nature alleged by the information wife , took place
at her house.

9.The whole story about the aforesaid incident of physical assault
having taken place at the house of wife at Agra is, in the
circumstances, manifestly forged and fabricated, and, as mentioned
above, has been introduced with an intention to provide jurisdiction
to Agra Court.

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10.There is also on record copy of the certificate of the railway
authority that the applicant no.1 husband was on duty on the day
when the aforesaid occurrence is said to have taken place at the
house of the wife at Agra.

11.It may also be mentioned that the introduction of 10 other
persons besides the husband in the first information report, is
itself indicative of an intention on the part of the wife, to exert
pressure on the husband, with a view to subjugate him. It is
difficult to visualise so many persons being involved in harassing
the wife and they seem to have been implicated with the aforesaid
ulterior motive.

12.The Supreme Court has itself warned on the tendency on behalf of
married lady in case of dowry demand to implicate other in-laws
unnecessarily, only with a view to coerce the husband into
submission. Reference may be made in this case to the case of Sushil
Kumar Sharma Vs. Union of India and others, 2005 S.C.C. ( Crl.)1473 .

13.It becomes , therefore, clear that the wife has no qualms in
implicating innocent persons and introducing false episode.

14.Since it has been held that no such incident of physical assault
is likely to have taken place at Agra, the courts at Agra will have
no jurisdiction to deal with the case and jurisdiction will lie in
the court at Ajmer.

15.In the result, petition is allowed and the proceedings in
Criminal Case No. 17 of 1998 under Sections 498-A,224 and 506
I.P.C., pending in the Court of Special Chief Judicial Magistrate,
Agra are terminated.

Dated: 06.04.2007 1240 /1999 n.u.

4 thoughts on “498A Quash judgement – Allahabad High Court

  1. Dear sir

    I have a Exactly similar case against me and my family members in UP. But Allahabad Court has not dismissed it and passed order against our quashing. What should i do to get it quashed again. HC Order was issued in sep-11.

  2. It is not about the case, it is how your lawyer presented.
    you Can approch SC for the reliefe

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