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Abhijeet Ramesh Gage And Ors vs The State Of Maharashtra on 29 July, 2021

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LAXMIKANT by LAXMIKANT
GOPAL
GOPAL CHANDAN
CHANDAN Date: 2021.07.31
16:50:00 +0530 (10) jt.cri.wp-14.21.odt

IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY
CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL WRIT PETITION NO.14 OF 2021

1] Mr. Abhijeet Ramesh Gage ]
Age 34 years, Occ : Service ]
]
2] Mr. Ramesh Narhari Gage ]
Age 62 years, Occupation – Retired ]
]
3] Mrs. Malati Ramesh Gage ]
Age 62 years, occ : Housewife ]
]
Petitioner Nos. 1 to 3 are residing at ]
Room No.15, Manmandir Chawl ]
Hanuman Nagar, Bandrekar Wadi ]
Jogeshwari (E), Mumbai – 400 060 ]
]
4] Mrs. Mamta Nitin Late ]
Age 37 years, Occ : Housewife ]
]
5] Mr. Nitin Chandrakant Late ]
Age 41 years, Occ : Service ]
]
Petitioner Nos.4 5 are permanently ]
Residing at Plot No.3, Matoshri Niwas, ]
Late Nagar, Hirawadi, Panchawati, ]….. Petitioners
Nashik – 422003 ] (Ori.Accused)

Versus

1] The State of Maharashtra ]
]
2] The Inspector of Police ]
Jogeshwari Police Station ]
Jogeshwari, Mumbai 400 060 ]
]
3] Mrs. Nisha Abhijeet Gage ]
Alias Ms. Nisha Dinesh Vasankar ]
Age 33 years, occ : Self Employed ]
Residing at G-2, Lakshmi Zore Chawl, ]
Rani Sati Marg, Vistarit, Malad (E), ]
Mumbai – 400 097. ]….. Respondents

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Mr. Deepak S Devkar for the Petitioners.

Mr. S R Shinde, APP for the Respondents/State.
Ms. Ridhi K. Thakkar for Respondent No.3.

Respondent No.3 present through Video Conferencing.

CORAM : S. S. SHINDE,
N. J. JAMADAR, JJ

DATE : 29th JULY 2021

ORAL JUDGMENT : (PER S S SHINDE, J.)

1 Rule. Rule made returnable forthwith and heard with the consent

of the learned counsel appearing for the parties.

2 The Petitioners, by this Writ Petition under Article 226 of the

Constitution of India and Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973,

seek relief of quashing the Charge-sheet bearing CC No.Special Case

SCST/7/2019 pending before the City Civil Sessions Court, Dindoshi, CR-9,

Dindoshi, arising out of C.R. No.30 of 2019 registered with Jogeshwari Police

Station at the instance of the 3rd Respondent for the offences punishable under

Sections 498A, 323, 406, 504, 506 r/w 34 of the Indian Penal Code and under

Section 3(1)(R)(S) of the Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes (Prevention of

Atrocities) Act, 1989

3 The learned counsel appearing for the Petitioners and the learned

counsel appearing for Respondent No.3 jointly submit that the parties have

settled the dispute. They further submit that the dispute between the parties

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has been settled amicably and the consent terms dated 11/12/2020 have been

filed in the Petition for Divorce by Mutual Consent before the Family Court,

Bandra, Mumbai. The copy of the consent terms dated 11/12/2020 is placed

on record at page 234 of the Writ Paper Book.

4 The 3rd Respondent is present before this Court through Video

Conferencing. The learned counsel appearing for the Respondent No.3

identified the 3rd Respondent. When we interacted with the 3 rd Respondent,

she stated that it is her voluntary act to enter into amicable settlement. She

further stated that there is no coercion or duress. She further stated that

dispute between her and the Petitioners has been settled amicably and the

consent terms have been filed in the Divorce Petition pending before the Family

Court, Bandra, Mumbai. She has no objection for quashing the impugned FIR

and the charge-sheet.

5 In support of her aforesaid statements, the 3 rd Respondent has

filed her affidavit before this Court. In paragraphs 3 to 9, the 3 rd Respondent

has stated thus :-

“3 I say that Petitioner No.1 is my husband, Petitioner No.2
is my father-in-law, the Petitioner No.3 are my mother-in-
law, Petitioner No.4 is my sister-in-law and Petitioner
No.5 is my brother-in-law, respectively.

4 I say that I have filed a Petition bearing No.A-1786 of
2020 for Divorce under
section 13(1)(i) and (ia) of the
Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 before the Ld. Family Court,

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Bandra, Mumbai against the Petitioner No.1. I say that,
during the pendency of the aforesaid Petition before the
Ld. Family Court, Bandra, Mumbai, Petitioner No.1 and I
decided to settle the matter amicably by converting the
aforesaid Petition into Mutual Consent Petition under
Section 13B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 as per the
terms and conditions agreement between us.

Accordingly, with the help of our Advocates and Ld.
Counselor of the Ld. Family Court we hve drawn the
Consent Terms in writing to settle all the disputes
between ourselves as we have decided to reside
separately in peace and in harmony. I say that the
Consent Terms dated 11/12/2020 to the effect has
already been filed and verified by the Ld. Family Court,
Bandra, Mumbai and we have already begun the process
for obtaining divorce by mutual consent. Hereto annexed
and marked as “Exhibit A” is the copy of the Consent
Terms dated 11/12/2020

5 I say that the dispute between us has been settled
amicably on the terms and conditions specifically and
categorically mentioned in the Consent Terms dated
11/12/2020. I confirm and admit the contents of the
said Consent Terms dated 11/12/2020, which have
already been filed and verified before the Ld. Family
Court, Bandra, Mumbai. I say that, needless to state,
therefore, I do not seek to pursue SPL CASE SCST NO.7
of 2019 and/or FIR being C. R. No.30 of 2019 dated
2/3/2019 lodged with the Respondent No.2 under
Section 498(A), 406, 323, 504, 506 and section 34 of the
Indian Penal Code, 1860 and under section 3(1)(R)(S) of
Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes (Prevention of
Atrocities), Act, 1989, which is filed by me against the
Petitioners, herein, and which is pending before the
Hon’ble City Civil and Sessions Court, Dindhoshi,
Mumbai.”

6 I say that I withdraw all the allegations which I have
made against the Petitioners, herein, in the aforesaid
FIR/Chargesheet. I also say that I have no other claim
against the Petitioners save and except mentioned in the
Consent Terms dated 11/12/2020 and specifically and
categorically mentioned above.

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7 I say that considering the above I have decided not to

proceed in the aforesaid FIR being C.R. No.30 of 2019
dated 2/3/2019 and Chargesheet filed in the Special
Case No.SCST 7/2019 before the Hon’ble City Civil and
Sessions Court, Dindhoshi, Mumbai, against the
Petitioners.

8 I therefore say that I do not have any objection if the
Special Case No.SC ST 7/2019 before the Hon’ble City
Civil and Session Court, Dindhoshi, Mumbai in the FIR
being No.30/2019 before Jogeshwari (East) Police
Station date : 2/3/2019 for offenses punishable under
section 498(A), 406, 323, 504, 506 and Section 34 of the
Indian Penal Code, 1860 and under section 3(1)(R)(S) of
Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes (Prevention of
Atrocities), Act, 1989, against the Petitioners is quashed
by this Hon’ble Court subject to consent Terms dated
11/12/2020.

9 I also say that this Affidavit is not being filed under any
coercion or duress and is being prepared and filed
willingly in view of the Consent Terms dated
11/12/2020 which has been arrived at, between the
Petitioner No.1 and me.”

6 Since the parties have amicably settled the dispute and the 3 rd

Respondent has stated before this Court that it is her voluntary act to enter into

the settlement without any coercion or duress, no fruitful purpose will be

served by continuing the further proceedings in CC No. Special Case

SCST/7/2019 pending before the City Civil Sessions Court, Dindoshi, CR-9,

Dindoshi, arising out of C.R. No.30 of 2019 registered with Jogeshwari Police

Station for the offences punishable under Sections 498A, 323, 406, 504, 506 r/

w 34 of the Indian Penal Code and under Section 3(1)(R)(S) of the Schedule

Caste and Schedule Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.

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7 The Supreme Court in the case of Giansingh v. State of Punjab

and Another1 has held that, the criminal cases having overwhelmingly and

predominatingly civil flavour stand on a different footing for the purposes of

quashing, particularly the offences arising from commercial, financial,

mercantile, civil, partnership or such like transactions or the offence arising out

of matrimony relating to dowry, etc. or the family disputes where the wrong is

basically private or personal in nature and the parties have resolved their

entire dispute. In this category of cases, the High Court may quash the criminal

proceedings if in its view, because of the compromise between the offender and

the victim, the possibility of conviction is remote and bleak and continuation of

the criminal case would put the accused to great oppression and prejudice and

extreme injustice would be caused to him by not quashing the criminal case

despite full and complete settlement and compromise with the victim. It is

further held that, as inherent power is of wide plenitude with no statutory

limitation but it has to be exercised in accord with the guideline engrafted in

such power viz.: (I) to secure the ends of justice, or (ii) to prevent abuse of the

process of any court.

8 In the case at hand, though offences punishable under Schedule

Caste and Schedule Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act are alleged, yet, it is

clear that the matrimonial dispute is the principal cause of the dispute. In the
1 2012 (10) SCC 303

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light of aforesaid averments in the affidavit of 3 rd Respondent, we do not find

that the offences punishable under SC ST Act can be said to have been,

prima facie, made out.

9 In the light of discussion in foregoing paragraphs, it is abundantly

clear that the 3rd Respondent is not going to support the allegations made in

the impugned FIR and continuation of further proceedings in the impugned

FIR lodged by the 3rd Respondent against and in CC No.Specail Case

SCST/7/2019 the Petitioners would tantamount to the abuse of the process of

the Court. Since the Respondent No.3 is not going to support the allegations in

the FIR, the chances of conviction of the Petitioners would be remote and

bleak. In order to prevent the abuse of the process of the Court and to secure

the ends of justice, it would be appropriate to quash and set aside impugned

FIR and the Charge-sheet being CC No. Special Case SCST/7/2019 pending

before the City Civil Sessions Court, Dindoshi, CR-9, Dindoshi, arising out of

C.R. No.30 of 2019 registered with Jogeshwari Police Station at the instance of

the 3rd Respondent for the offences punishable under Sections 498A, 323, 406,

504, 506 r/w 34 of the Indian Penal Code and under Section 3(1)(R)(S) of the

Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.

10 In that view of the matter, the Writ Petition deserves to be allowed and,

the same is allowed in terms of prayer clause (a) which reads thus :-

"(a) This Hon'ble Court be pleased to quashing the said

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Charge-Sheet bearing in CC No. Special Case
SCST/7/2019 pending before the City Civil Session
Court, Dindoshi, CR-9, Dindoshi, vide C.R. No.30 of
2019 for the alleged offences punishable U/s. 498A,
323, 406, 504, 506 r/w 34
of the Indian Penal Code AND
U/S. 3(1)(R)(S) OF SCHEDULE CASTE AND SCHEDULE
TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) ACT, 1989."

Rule made absolute in the aforesaid terms. The Writ Petition stands disposed of

accordingly.

[N. J. JAMADAR, J]                                      [S. S. SHINDE , J]

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