IN THE HIGH COURT OF KERALA AT ERNAKULAM
THE HONOURABLE MR.JUSTICE C.K.ABDUL REHIM
THE HONOURABLE MR.JUSTICE T.V.ANILKUMAR
MONDAY ,THE 25TH DAY OF FEBRUARY 2019 / 6TH PHALGUNA, 1940
WP(Crl.).No. 73 of 2019
AGED 30 YEARS
D/O. NAJUMINIZA, PRESENTLY RESIDING AT ALFIYA
MANZIL, CHANDANATHOPPU P.O, KUZHIYAM CHERRY,
PERINADU VILLAGE, FROM NASIM NIVAS,
THRIKKOVILVATTAM VILLAGE, KANNANALLOOR P.O,
BY ADV. SRI.V.VENUGOPALAN NAIR
1 STATE OF KERALA
REPRESENTED BY THE PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, HIGH
COURT OF KERALA, ERNAKULAM-682 031
2 THE DISTRICT POLICE CHIEF.
3 THE INSPECTOR SHO OF POLICE
KANNANALLOOR POLICE STATION, KOLLAM DISTRICT-
4 THE CIRCLE INSPECTOR OF POLICE
KOTTIYAM, KOLLAM DISTRICT.-691 001
AGED 45 YEARS, S/O. P.A. ABDUL LATHEEF, NASIM
NIVAS, THRIKKOVILVATTAM VILLAGE, KANNANALLOOR
P.O, KOLLAM DISTRICT-691 001.
AGED -, S/O. P.A. ABDUL LATHEEF, PUTHEN VEEDU,
KANNANALLOOR P.O, THRIKKOVIL VATTAM VILLAGE,
KOLLAM DISTRICT-691 001
AGED S/O. P.A. ABDUL LATHEEF, S.S. PARADISE
KANNANALLOOR, P.O THRIKKOVIL VATTAM VILLAGE,
KOLLAM DISTRICT-691 001
D/O. AMINA BEEVI, NAZ VILLA, PALLIMUKKU P.O,
KOLLAM DISTRICT-691 005
THIS WRIT PETITION (CRIMINAL) HAVING COME UP FOR ADMISSION
ON 25.02.2019, THE COURT ON THE SAME DAY DELIVERED THE
C.K. ABDUL REHIM
T.V. ANILKUMAR, JJ.
W.P.(Crl) No. 73 OF 2019 S
Dated this the 25th day of February, 2019
Abdul Rehim, J.
Mother of a girl named Hanna, aged 14 years, is the
petitioner herein, seeking a writ of Habeas Corpus for
commanding production of the corpus of the minor girl and to
order her release from the alleged illegal detention of the
respondents 5 to 8, subject to any orders which may be passed
by the Family Court, Kollam in OP(GW)No.1186/2018, filed by
the 5th respondent before that court.
2. Brief facts are as follows. The 5th respondent is the
father of the minor girl, who is alleged to be suffering from
psychological problem of ‘Bipolar Affective Disorder’. The
petitioner and the 5th respondent are living separated since
22.06.2018. The minor girl was stated to be in the custody of
the petitioner. She was studying in the 8 th standard in a school
owned by the brothers of the 5th respondent. It is stated that on
an earlier occasion on 24.09.2018, the respondents 6 to 8 have
taken forcible custody of the minor girl from the petitioner.
According to the petitioner, based on a complaint lodged before
the police authorities at Kottiyam, Police Station, the girl was
sent along with the petitioner, after ascertaining her choice.
3. According to the petitioner, she came to know about
the fact that the 5th respondent had filed OP 1186/2018 before
the Family Court, Kollam with respect to custody of the minor
child, only when the counsel appearing for the 5 th respondent in
MC 287/2018 before the Family Court had disclosed about the
same. It is stated that, on 30.01.2019 the minor girl was again
taken forcible custody by the 5th respondent and his mother,
from the school, at the instance of the brothers of the 5 th
respondent. Even though the petitioner had lodged a complaint
before the police, it is alleged that, no effective action was
taken. Alleging that the minor girl is now being illegally detained
by the respondents 5 to 8, the above writ petition is filed.
4. Questions as to, who was in custody of the minor girl,
whether the allegations of forcible custody is correct or not,
who among the parents of the minor girl is the best suitable
person to have custody of the minor girl etc. are matters which
require adjudication, based on factual materials and evidence.
The appropriate court having jurisdiction under the Guardians
and Wards Act is the Family Court. Evidently, there is already a
litigation pending before that court with respect to custody of the
minor girl. The petitioner ought to have approached the said
court seeking appropriate relief, if the allegations are true.
5. However, as far as the jurisdiction vested on this
court is concerned, we do not find any extraordinary
circumstances existing, apart from the rival claims of the
parents of the minor girl with respect to entitlement for custody.
In order to invoke the parens patriae jurisdiction, vested on this
court, we are of the opinion that, the petitioner has to approach
the Family Court to seek appropriate remedy. We do not find
any ground to hold that the child is being kept under illegal
custody, because the 5th respondent is the biological father of
the minor girl.
6. Under the above mentioned circumstances, this court
is reluctant to interfere. Hence the above writ petition is hereby
dismissed, with liberty reserved to the petitioner to approach the
Family Court seeking appropriate reliefs.
Sd/- C.K. ABDUL REHIM, JUDGE.
Sd/- T.V. ANILKUMAR, JUDGE.
P.S. to Judge.
EXHIBIT P1 A TRUE COPY OF THE AVAILABLE TREATMENT
RECORD OF THE 5TH RESPONDENT.
EXHIBIT P2 A TRUE COPY OF THE COMPLAINT DTD.
26.9.18 SUBMITTED BY THE PETITIONER
BEFORE THE 4TH RESPONDENT C.I. OF
EXHIBIT P3 A TRUE COPY OF THE COMPLAINT LODGED BY
THE PETITIONER BEFORE THE 4TH
RESPONDENT C.I. OF POLICE KOTTIYAM DTD