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Before The Madurai Bench Of Madras … vs R. Kathiresan on 21 April, 2017

BEFORE THE MADURAI BENCH OF MADRAS HIGH COURT

DATED: 21.04.2017

Reserved on
Pronounced on
11.04.2017
21.04.2017

CORAM

THE HON’BLE MR. JUSTICE P.N. PRAKASH

Crl.O.P. (MD) No.480 of 2017
and
Crl.M.P. (MD) Nos.441, 442, 1467, 1786 1794 of 2017

Kalaichelvan @ Dhanush K.Raja … Petitioner/Respondent

-vs-

1. R. Kathiresan
2. K. Meenakshi @ Meenal … Respondents/Petitioners

Prayer: Criminal Original Petition filed under Section 482, Cr.P.C. seeking
to call for the records relating to the proceedings in M.C. No.15 of 2016 on
the file of the Judicial Magistrate, Melur and quash the same.

For petitioner : Mr.Ramakrishnan Veera Raghavan
Senior Counsel
For Mr.G.R.Swaminathan

For respondents : Mr.S.Titus

:ORDER

This Criminal Original Petition has been preferred seeking to call for
the records relating to the proceedings in M.C. No.15 of 2016 on the file of
the Judicial Magistrate Court, Melur (for brevity “the Trial Court”) and
quash the same.

2. The primary issue in this case relates to the paternity of the Tamil
film star Dhanush.

3. For the sake convenience, the parties will be referred to by their
name, referring specially to the petitioners before the Trial Court as
?Kathiresan couple”.

4. It is the specific case of the Kathiresan couple that:

a) they hail from Melur Village;

b) a son was born to them on 07.11.1985 who was named Kalaichelvan;

c) Kalaichelvan studied upto VIII standard in R.C. Middle School in
Sivagangai Main Road, Melur and thereafter, he studied in Government Boys
Higher Secondary School, Melur, upto X standard, which, he completed in March
2002 securing 337 marks;

d) then, he was admitted to XI standard in Arumugampillai Seethai Ammal
Higher Secondary School in Tirupattur, Sivagangai District and he attended
classes for a month, after which, he had left for Chennai to join the film
industry to become a great actor, director and producer of films, where, he
changed his name to Dhanush and got married to Aiswarya, the elder daughter
of Rajinikanth, popular cine actor;

e) since Kalaichelvan @ Dhanush had failed and neglected to take care
of the Kathiresan couple, later, the said couple issued a legal notice for
maintenance on 04.10.2016 to Dhanush, which was returned unserved and hence,
on 02.11.2016, the couple filed a petition under Section 125, Cr.P.C., before
the Judicial Magistrate, Melur, claiming Rs.65,000/- per month as
maintenance, which was taken on file as M.C.No.15 of 2016;

f) simultaneously, the Kathiresan couple also filed an interlocutory
application in C.M.P. No.5626 of 2016 in M.C. No.15 of 2016 claiming interim
maintenance of Rs.65,000/- per month, advocate fee and other expenses of Rs.1
lakh.

4. On 25.11.2016, the Trial Court ordered notice to Dhanush returnable
by 12.01.2017. On coming to know of the proceedings against him from the
media, Dhanush engaged an advocate who filed vakalat on 07.12.2016 and
obtained copies of the petition in M.C. No.15 of 2016 and C.M.P. No.5626 of
2016, on the strength of which, he has preferred the present quash
application before this Court on 11.01.2017.

5. On 12.01.2017, the advocate appeared on behalf of Dhanush before the
Trial Court and filed an application seeking exemption of his presence, which
was allowed by the Magistrate and the case was adjourned to 03.03.2017.

6. On 25.01.2017, this quash application came up for admission and this
Court (G. Chockalingam, J.), ordered notice on the Kathiresan couple
returnable by 08.02.2017. On 08.02.2017, Brother Chockalingam, J., passed the
following order:

“Counter affidavit is filed by the respondents. Both parties are
directed to file documents, if any, to prove their case. Post on 09.02.2017
at 2.15 p.m. for final hearing.”

7. The case docket shows that Brother Chockalingam, J., has heard this
case on several dates and during one such hearing, the learned counsel for
the Kathiresan couple produced a document purported to be a certified copy of
the Transfer Certificate issued by the Government Boys Higher Secondary
School, Melur, relating to their son Kalaichelvan, in which, the following
identification marks are recorded:

1/ ,lJ fhiu vYk;gpd; nky; xU kr;rk;
(a mole over left collar bone)

2/ ,lJ KG’;ifapy; xU jGk;g[
(a scar in the left elbow)

8. Dhanush was asked to file an affidavit affirming whether or not he
has the aforesaid marks, for which, he filed an affidavit executed before a
Notary Public on 20.02.2017 denying the same. This affidavit was taken on
file by this Court on 22.02.2017 and the case was posted to 24.02.2017, on
which date, Brother Chockalingam, J. directed Dhanush to be present before
this Court on 28.02.2017 for verification of his identification marks.

9. On 28.02.2017, Dhanush appeared before this Court and in the
chambers of the Registrar-Judicial, his identification marks were examined by
Dr.M.R.Vairamuthu Raju, M.D., Dean, Madurai Medical College, Madurai and Dr.
Meenakshi Sundaram, M.D., Vice Principal, Madurai Medical College, Madurai
and on the same day, a certificate was submitted by the doctors, which was
kept in a sealed cover by the Registrar-Judicial. It is not known as to why
Brother G. Chockalingam, J. did not peruse the said certificate either on
28.02.2017 or on the subsequent dates.

10. After having submitted the certified copy of the school transfer
certificate relating to Kalaichelvan, the Kathiresan couple filed
Crl.M.P.(MD) No.1467 of 2017 for a direction to the Head Master,
Arumugampillai Seethaiyammal Higher Secondary School, Tirupattur, Sivangangai
District for producing the original transfer certificate records of
Kalaichelvan, which was allowed by Brother G. Chockalingam, J. on 17.02.2017.
Pursuant to the order, the original transfer certificate of Kalaichelvan was
produced by the Head Master and the same was also perused by Mr.Titus,
learned counsel for the respondents and also by this Court. This Court did
not find any discrepancy between the certified copy of the transfer
certificate and the original. In other words, even in the original transfer
certificate, the date of birth of Kalaichelvan is shown as 13.04.1987 as in
the certified copy. Similarly, the identification marks of Kalaichelvan in
the original is same as that in the certified copy.

11. Brother G. Chockalingam, J. posted the case to 02.03.2017. At that
juncture, the Kathiresan couple filed Crl.M.P. (MD) No.1794 of 2017 seeking
to subject Dhanush for DNA profiling. On 02.03.2017, Brother G. Chockalingam,
J. has recorded this fact and has adjourned the case to 09.03.2017 and on
change of the three month roster on 06.03.2017, I succeeded the said
portfolio.

12. On 09.03.2017, as the case was hogging the social network and
media, I held in-camera proceedings for protecting the privacy of both the
parties. After hearing both sides, I adjourned the case to 20.03.2017 for
further proceedings. On 20.03.2017, I noticed that the sealed cover
containing the certificate qua examination of identification marks of Dhanush
was not opened and so, I had it brought to my chambers and in the presence of
the counsel on either side, opened the sealed cover and furnished them with
the copies of the said certificate. The said certificate given by the doctors
reads thus:

?I Dr. M.R. Vairamuthu Raju, M.D., Dean, Madurai Medical College and
Dr. Meenakshi Sundaram, M.D., Vice Principal, Madurai Medical College,
Madurai, both of us visited Registrar Judicial Chamber as per the direction
of Crl.O.P. (MD) No.480 of 2017. At that time, Mr.Danush was present in the
chamber and he was introduced by the Registrar Judicial to us and requested
to examine Mr.Danush with regard to identification marks as per the order
dated 28.02.2017.

Our supporting staff Mr. Somu, Office Assistant and Mr. Suresh, Male
Nursing Assistant were also present in the Chamber.

We examined Mr. Danush in a separate room in the Registrar Judicial
Chamber in the presence of Registrar Judicial and we alone were present in
the separate room at 11.20 a.m.

We examined Mr. Danush in day light and with light application and we
examined without any eraser and we examined the concern parts with water
spirit application and finally come to conclusion that:

1. With regard to first query, there is no mole over the left collar
bone and there is no scar in left elbow.

2. With regard to second query, it is possible to remove a small
superficial mole completely but a scar cannot be removed by plastic surgery
and only scar reduction can be done.

3. With regard to third query, a very small superficial mole removed by
laser technique without any trace. A removed large mole that traces can be
seen by Dermascope but a scar cannot be removed by modern plastic surgery
only a scar reduction can be done.”

13. On 11.04.2017, this Court heard the final arguments in the Open
Court and reserved orders.

14. While I was plodding through the original records of the Trial
Court, I stumbled upon an advocate’s notice dated 04.10.2016 issued by the
Kathiresan couple to Dhanush, which was not submitted earlier by the counsel
for the Kathiresan couple in his typed set of papers. The averments in the
said notice did arouse some doubts in my mind about which I shall discuss in
detail later.

Summary of submissions on Dhanush’s side:

15. On the side of Dhanush, Mr. Ramakrishnan Veera Raghavan, learned
Senior Advocate appearing for the counsel-on-record for Dhanush made the
following submissions:

a) Even if the enitre averments in M.C. No.15 of 2016 on the file of
the Trial Court are accepted, they could only prove that the Kathiresan
couple had a son by name Kalaichelvan, who left their home sometime in the
year 2002 and was not found thereafter. Apart from this, there is no other
material to connect their son Kalaichelvan with Dhanush.

b) On the contrary, records submitted on behalf of Dhanush show that a
son was born on 28.07.1983 to Krishnamoorthy and Vijayalakshmi at the Women’s
and Children’s Hospital, Chennai, who was named as R.K.Vengadesha Prabhu.
Vengadesha Prabhu studied in Thai Sathya Matriculation School, Saligramam,
Chennai?93 and completed his X standard in April 1999. His Matriculation
examination mark list shows that he had passed out from Thai Sathya
Matriculation School, Saligramam, Chennai in I class by securing 688 out of
1100 marks in April 1999. Vengadesha Prabhu changed his name as Dhanush and
his first film Thulluvadho Ilamai was completed in March 2002 and the Central
Board of Film Certification had issued a certification for the said film on
15.03.2002.

c) After the said film became a box office hit, Dhanush formally
changed his name to K. Dhanush by issuing a gazette notification in the Tamil
Nadu Government gazette dated 17.12.2003. Dhanush got married to Aiswarya,
the elder daughter of Rajinikanth, a popular thespian and their marriage
function was a public affair, which is also known to the Kathiresan couple,
as could be seen from the averments in their Maintenance Petition. From 2003
to 2016, Dhanush was not in hiding and was under public gaze. Now, suddenly,
to say in the year 2016, that Kalaichelvan became Dhanush without anything
more is indeed preposterous.

d) It was the Kathiresan couple who gave the certified copy of Transfer
Certificate relating to their son Kalaichelvan, wherein, certain
identification marks were found and on the directions of this Court, Dhanush
voluntarily submitted himself for examination by doctors and the examination
certificate given by the doctors clearly establishes that Dhanush does not
have the identification marks which find place in the Transfer Certificate
relied on by the Kathiresan couple. Even after this exercise, further
continuation of the proceedings before the Trial Court would surely be an
abuse of process of law.

e) The question of subjecting Dhanush for DNA profiling as requested
now by the Kathiresan couple cannot be countenanced in the absence of prima
facie materials to show that Dhanush is the biological son of them. In
support of this contention, he placed reliance on the following rulings:

a) Bhabani Prasad Jena vs. Orissa State Commission for
Women [(2010) 8 SCC 633]:

“23. ……. In Sharda while concluding that a matrimonial court has
power to order a person to undergo a medical test, it was reiterated that the
court should exercise such a power if the applicant has a strong prima facie
case and there is sufficient material before the court. Obviously,
therefore, any order for DNA test can be given by the court only if a strong
prima facie case is made out for such a course.”. (emphasis supplied)

b) Dipanwita Roy vs. Ronobroto Roy
[(2015) 1 SCC 365]:

“14 …… It is therefore apparent that despite the consequences of
a DNA test, this Court has concluded, that it was permissible for a court to
permit the holding of a DNA test, if it was eminently needed after balancing
the interests of the parties” (emphasis supplied)

f) The Judicial Magistrate, Melur, lacks territorial jurisdiction to
entertain a petition under Section 125, Cr.P.C. in the light of Section
126(1)(a), Cr.P.C. To fortify his contention, the learned Senior Counsel
appearing for Dhanush placed reliance upon the judgment of the Supreme Court
in Vijay Kumar Prasad vs. State of Bihar and others [(2004) 5 SCC 196]:

“13 It is to be noted that clauses (b) and (c) of sub-section (1) of
Section 126 relate to the wife and the children under Section 125 of the
Code. The benefit given to the wife and the children to initiate proceeding
at the place where they reside is not given to the parents. A bare reading
of the section makes it clear that the parents cannot be placed on the same
pedestal as that of the wife or the children for the purpose of Section 126
of the Code.”

g) In one breath, the Kathiresan couple say that Kalaichelvan was born
on 07.11.1985, but, the Transfer Certificate produced by them shows that his
date of birth as 13.04.1987. In the teeth of such apparent and glaring
conflict even in the documents filed by the Kathiresan couple, it is obvious
that they have not made out even prima facie case for the trial to proceed.
Submissions on the side of the Kathiresan couple:

16. Mr.Titus, learned counsel for the Kathiresan couple made the
following submissions:

a) Disputed facts cannot be gone into in a petition under Section 482,
Cr.P.C. and it should be best left for the Trial Court to decide, after
appreciation of evidence adduced by either side.

b) The Magistrate has no power to conduct any preliminary enquiry in a
proceeding under Section 125, Cr.P.C. and he should proceed with the trial
directing the parties to adduce evidence in support of their assertions and
this Court should not interfere in the legitimate proceedings that has been
launched by the Kathiresan couple claiming maintenance under Section 125,
Cr.P.C. To garner strength for this contention, the learned counsel for the
Kathiresan couple placed strong reliance upon the judgment of the Supreme
Court in Nand Lal Misra vs. Kanhaiya Lal Misra [AIR 1960 SC 882].

c) This Court should not accept the certificate submitted by doctors
qua examination of identification marks of Dhanush, as there is every
possibility of the identification marks being erased between the time when
the Transfer Certificate was produced before this Court and the appearance of
Dhanush for examination. In support of this contention, the learned counsel
for the Kathiresan couple placed strong reliance upon the following passages
from the book titled The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 29th
Edition, 2010, authored by Dr. K.S. Narayan Reddy:

“Erasure:

The scar can be erased by excision and skin grafting, or suture of the edges
of the excised area. This results in a scar which is less clearly seen.

Erasure:

(1) Surgical Methods:

(a) Complete excision and skin grafting
(b) production of burn by means of red hot iron
(c) scarification
(d) carbon-di-oxide snow

(2) Electrolysis

(3) Caustic substances remove pigment by producing inflammatory reaction

and a superficial scar, e.g., mixture of papain in glycerine, zinc chloride
and tannic acid

(4) Laser Beam: By exposure to laser beams, the particles of the dye get
vaporised and expelled from the tissues in gaseous form

(5) Confluent smallpox and sometimes chronic eczema in children can
obliterate tattoo marks.”

d) Without subjecting the doctors to cross-examination, this Court
should not accept the certificate given by doctors qua examination of
identification marks of Dhanush.

e) The DNA profiling alone can conclusively decide the issue and
therefore, this Court should either order DNA profiling or relegate the case
for the Trial Court to decide the issue.

f) R.K. Vengadesha Prabhu is not Dhanush, because, in the gazette
notification dated 17.12.2003, the father’s name of R.K. Vengadesha Prabhu
has been given as ?Kasthuri Raja?, whereas, the Birth Certificate and
Transfer Certificate of R.K. Vengadesha Prabhu show his father’s name as
Krishnamoorthy.

g) The contention of Dhanush that his father’s original name was
Krishnamoorthy and he being in the film industry, changed his name to
Kasthuri Raja cannot be true, because, the name change was effected only in
the year 2015. In other words, in the gazette notification dated 17.12.2003,
R.K. Vengadesha Prabhu, S/o Kasthuri Raja is changed to K.Dhanush, whereas,
Krishnamoorthy became Kasthuri Raja only in the year 2015 as could be seen
from the gazette notification dated 18.02.2015.

h) The Transfer Certificate relating to R.K. Vengadesha Prabhu shows
his community as ?Scheduled Caste?. This cannot be true had he been the son
of Kasthuri Raja and Vijayalakshmi, because, both of them belong to Kaattu
Nayakar community. In this regard, the Kathiresan couple has filed Crl.M.P.
(MD) No.1786 of 2017 in the present Criminal O.P. seeking a direction to the
Tahsildar of Bodi Taluk, Theni District, for a direction to issue community
certificate to Kasthuri Raja and his wife Vijayalakshmi. If the said Crl.M.P.
is allowed and if their communities are determined, then, it will be clear
that they are not Dalits and the Transfer Certificate showing R.K. Vengadesha
Prabhu as ?Scheduled Caste? will stand belied.

i) Coming to the contention on Dhanush’s side about the discrepancy in
the date of birth certificate of Kalaichelvan, viz., 07.11.1985 given in the
hospital records and 13.04.1987 given in the school Transfer Certificate of
Kalaichelvan, Mr.Titus submitted that the birth certificate of Kalaichelvan
showing his date of birth as 07.11.1985 is the true record. At the time of
admission of Kalaichelvan in the school, his grand parents have wrongly given
the date of birth as 13.04.1987.

j) That the Kathiresan couple do not have the wherewithal to fight the
case in the Family Court, Chennai, as they are ordinary residents of Melur.
Hence, the contention put forth on the side of Dhanush that the Trial Court
lacks territorial jurisdiction to hear the case, should not be accepted. In
support of this contention, the learned counsel for the Kathiresan couple
placed reliance upon the following judgments:

a Shabana Bano vs. Imran Khan
[AIR 2010 SC 305]

b Devaki vs. Chandrika and another
[AIR 1998 Kerala 190]
c Ganga Sharan Varshney vs. Shakuntala Devi and another [1990
Crl.L.J. 128]

17. This Court gave its anxious consideration to the rival submissions
and perused the materials available on record.

18. At this juncture, it may be necessary to advert to the law laid
down by the Supreme Court in Nand Lal Misra (supra), upon which, strong
reliance was placed by Mr. Titus, learned counsel for the Kathiresan couple.
In that case, Nand Lal, a minor, filed a petition under Section 488, Cr.P.C.
(present Section 125, Cr.P.C.) against the respondent, viz., the Advocate
General of Uttar Pradesh claiming him to be his putative father. The
Magistrate conducted a preliminary enquiry and dismissed the claim, which was
confirmed by the High Court and in that context, the Supreme Court held that
the Magistrate has no power to conduct a preliminary enquiry in a proceeding
under Section 488, Cr.P.C. (present Section 125, Cr.P.C.). However, in the
same judgment, in paragraph no.7, the Supreme Court held as follows:

“7. . . . . In the context of the first submission, the second
submission could only mean that the Magistrate could satisfy himself before
issuing notice, whether the application was ex facie not maintainable or
frivolous.”

19. From the above, it is clear that though the Magistrate cannot
conduct preliminary enquiry, yet, he should have found out if the claimant
had made out a prima facie case for proceeding further. To appreciate this
aspect, it may be apposite to simply extract the relevant paragraphs from
petition in M.C.No.15 of 2016 filed by the Kathiresan couple:

“2. The respondent was born on 07.11.1985 at Rajaji Government
Hospital, Madurai. The petitioners admitted the respondent for his studies
upto 8th standard at R.C. Middle School, Sivagangai Main Road, Melur. After
completing 8th standard, the petitioners admitted the respondent in 9th
standard in Boys Government Higher Secondary School, Melur. Thereafter, the
respondent studied upto X standard in the very same school. The respondent
passed X standard in March 2002 with 337 marks. The respondent’s X standard
certificate was registered in the office of the Assistant Director of
Employment Exchange, Madurai on 17.06.2002. Thereafter, the respondent was
admitted for XI standard in Arumugam Pillai Seethaiammal Higher Secondary
School, Tirupattur, Sivagangai District. The respondent attended the classes
in XI standard for about 1 month and due to his awareness for acting, went to
Chennai and joined in film chambers and the respondent became a great actor
and director and producer of films.

3. The respondent’s name is Kalaichelvan and later when he joined in
film, he altered his name to Dhanush K.Raja. The respondent married elder
daughter of Mr.Rajinikanth and fully settled in Chennai and he is earning
more than Rs.100 crores per year.

4. The 1st petitioner was working as Conductor in Thirumoorthy
Private Bus Company for about 15 years and with all income, educated the
respondent and his younger daughter and later daughter was married to one
Subramanian. Later, the 1st petitioner became a debtor and now without jobs,
living at the mercy of others. The 2nd petitioner is working as housemaid and
with that meagre income, the petitioners are running their days. Now the 1st
petitioner is not having any job and do not have any income. The petitioners
are living in poverty.

5 The 1st petitioner is affected with Tuberculosis and the
2nd petitioner is affected with Arthritis and other chronic diseases.

6 The petitioners are not able to maintain themselves, since,
they are affected with many diseases, nobody is here to attend on them.”

In support of M.C. No.15 of 2016, the following documents were marked:
SCHEDULE OF DOCUMENTS:

1 Respondent's 10th standard Hall Ticket for Public Exam

2 Xerox copy of 10th standard mark sheet

3 Employment Exchange Registration card

4 Copy of unclaimed Legal Notice with postal
acknowledgment

5 Copy of suit notice with postal receipt

6 Permanent residential certificate and copy of Family Card issued by
VAO

20. When this Court posed a pointed question to Mr.Titus, that there is
a big gap from the year 2002 to 2016 inasmuch as there is no material to show
what steps the Kathiresan couple had taken to trace their son, Mr.Titus took
this Court through the counter affidavit dated 07.02.2015 filed by the
Kathiresan couple before this Court, wherein, at paragraph no.17, it is
stated as follows:

?17. I most respectfully submit that these respondents educated and
cared the petitioner till 10th standard and joined him for 11th standard in
Arumugampillai Seethaiyammal Higher Secondary School, Thirupatthur,
Sivagangai District and joined him in the Government Hostel. After going one
month for class, he went to Chennai and joined the cine field."

21. From the above assertion made by the Kathiresan couple, it is clear
that, Kalaichelvan was studying in a Government hostel from where he is said
to have gone missing. If a boy goes missing from a Government Hostel, there
would have been an FIR of boy-missing, even if the parents had failed to
inform the police. Mr. Titus, learned counsel, submitted that the parents of
Kalaichelvan are poor villagers and they were simply searching around the
world for their son. But, even according to them, Kathiresan was working as
a Bus Conductor in Thirumoorthy Private Bus Company for about 15 years, which
means that he is a person who knows to issue tickets, collect fare from the
passengers and tender them change, maintain trip sheet, etc. and submit daily
collections to the bus company and he is not from a remote hill area tribal
settlement, but, very much a man working in a bus company in the plains.

22. Mr.Titus, learned counsel for the Kathiresan couple invited the
attention of this Court to the hand written note that is said to have been
left by Kalaichelvan addressed to his parents at the time of his going away
from home, wherein, he has exhorted his parents not to search for him. To
recapitulate, this hand written note was submitted by the Kathiresan couple
themselves to this Court and the said note reads as under:

?f/fiyr;bry;td; vGJtJ
vdJ bja;t';fshd vdJ mk;kh. mg;gh j';iff;F ehd; brd;W tpl;nld; vd;W
tUe;j ntz;lhk;/ vd;id njl ntz;lhk;/ ehk; tz';Fk; tpc;Qqt[k;. byf;kp
md;ida[k; vdJ mk;kh mg;ght[f;F j';iff;F cjt[thh;fs; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapy; ehd;
bry;fpnwd;/ vd;id njl ntz;lhk;/
vd;dhy; jhd; vd; bgw;nwhUf;F mjpf kdf;fc;lk; mjpf Jd;g';fs; Vw;gl;ld/

vd; bgw;nwhh; vdJ kdtpahjpia nghf;f vd;id 20 nfhapYf;F miHj;J brd;wdh;/
Mdhy;. vd; kdtpahjp nghftpy;iy/ ehd; v';ifahtJ ntiy ghh;g;ngd;/ Fwpg;gpl;l
fhyj;jpw;Fs; tPL jpUk;g[ntd;/ mk;kh mg;gh jat[ bra;J vd;id njl ntz;lhk;/
vd;id epidj;J tUe;j ntz;lhk;/
,g;gof;F.

f/fiyr;bry;td;?

[Free English translation of the whole note]
?K.Kalaichelvan writes
To my Gods, namely, my mother, father and sister, do not worry about my
separation. Do not search for me. With the hope that Vishnu, Goddess Lakshmi,
whom I worship as Gods would help my mother, father, sister, I am leaving. Do
not search for me.

Because of me, my parents got heartache and full of sorrows.
In order to cure my mental ailment, my parents took me to 20 Temples.
But, my mental ailment did not get cured. I will somewhere work. Return home
within a specified period. Mother and Father, please do not search for me. Do
not feel distressed thinking about me.

By
K.Kalaichelvan?

Besides the above, in the left margin of the note, it is vertically written
as follows:

?;jat[ bra;J vd;id njl ntz;lhk;/?

(please do not search for me)

The last paragraph of the note clearly states that Kalaichelvan was suffering
from mental illness, for which, he was taken to about 20 temples by his
parents and on account of that, he was leaving his home. He has not stated
that he is leaving his house because of his abiding interest in silver
screen.

23. It is not the case of the Kathiresan couple that at a very young
age, their child went missing or it was kidnapped and later, the child
metamorphosed into Dhanush. It is their specific case that after completing
his X standard and while he was pursuing his XI standard, Kalaichelvan left
the house sometime in 2002. The Kathiresan couple was also aware of
Dhanush's marriage with Aiswarya, D/o Rajinikanth. Therefore, Dhanush was in
full public view and was not in hiding from 2002 onwards. His maiden film
Thullovadho Ilamai appears to have been cleared by the Central Board of Film
Certification as early as 15.03.2002, whereas, the employment registration
certificate of Kalaichelvan with the Employment Exchange that has been filed
along with M.C. No.15 of 2016 shows that it was registered on 17.06.2002,
which means that in June 2002, Kalaichelvan was unemployed. Whereas,
Dhanush's film Thulluvadho Ilamai has been cleared by the Central Board of
Film Certification on 15.03.2002 itself, which means that he must have been
engaged in the film industry prior to the issuance of the certificate of the
Central Board of Film Certification.

24. Mr. Titus submitted that the certificate given to Thulluvadho
Ilamai in the year 2002 should not be accepted, because, the said movie was
re-done and released in the year 2003 and in the re-done version,
Kalaichelvan was roped in to act. He submitted that even in Ground-e, it is
stated that Dhanush's maiden film was Thulluvadho Ilamai, and was released in
2003 and therefore, this probablises his contention that the film
certification given in the year 2002 for Thulluvadho Ilamai is not in respect
of the film. Though film certification was given by the Censor Board for the
film Thulluvadho Ilamai in the year 2002 itself, yet after the certification
was given, Kalaichelvan was made to act as Dhanush and the movie was released
in the year 2003. This argument sounds indeed fabulous and specious.

25. In State of Orissa vs. Debendra Nath Pati [2004 AIR SCW 6813], the
Hon'ble Supreme Court has held that the High Court in exercise of its powers
Article 227 of the Constitution of India and u/s.482 Cr.P.C., can look into
documents, which are unimpeachable and of sterling quality. In the considered
opinion of this Court, the original Censor Board certificate given for
Thulluvadho Ilamai, the original of which was submitted to this Court is a
document of unimpeachable and sterling quality. To say that, after the Censor
Board had issued the certificate, the lead Actor in the film was changed and
Kalaichelvan was made to adorn the role by changing his name as Dhaunush and
thereafter, the movie was released in the year 2003 is too large a pill for
any prudent man to swallow. Even giving the benefit of this doubt to the
Kathiresan couple, where were they when Dhanush married Aiswarya, D/o
Rajinikanth in the year 2004?. It is not their pleading that they had
received some money from Dhanush to keep silent and that they remained silent
for his welfare and now that they have become penurious, they are seeking
maintenance from him. Had they pleaded so, then, this Court could relegate
the matter to the Trial Court for a decision. Unfortunately, the Kathiresan
couple has levelled a very uncharitable allegation against Dhanush in their
affidavit dated 07.02.2017 filed before this Court which reads as under:

"7. I most respectfully submit that in grounds "E" of the petition, the
petitioner claim that he is a reputed film actor. The petitioner is not a
reputed film actor, he is reputed son of these respondents.

8. I most respectfully submit that the petitioner acted in films as a
drunkard, rowdy and many other unlikable characters."

26. When an actor consistently adorns the role of a villain in reel
life, one cannot conclude that in real life also, he would be of the same
character. We all know of late M.N. Nambiar, who had, all through his career
in the silver screen, acted as a villain, was a very devout and noble soul in
his real life. The above averments in the affidavit of the Kathiresan couple
do make this Court doubt that, had Dhanush been their real son, would they
have made such uncharitable allegations against him.

27. As regards the frugal pleadings in the maintenance petition,
Mr.Titus, learned counsel for the Kathiresan couple, submitted that the said
petition was filed on the premise that Dhanush would not dispute his
paternity and after his counter, the Kathiresan couple could still adduce
evidence in support of their claim.

28. To say that, after Dhanush files his counter, the Kathiresan couple
can modify their pleadings sounds like a kite flying venture. Now that
Dhanush has filed the present Criminal Original Petition and has repudiated
the relationship with the Kathiresan couple and Brother G.Chockalingam, J.
had permitted the Kathiresan couple to produce all their documents, yet, no
material worth its salt, has been produced to advance their case. On the
contrary, the Transfer Certificate issued by the Government Boys Higher
Secondary School, Melur, with its inherent defects in the date of birth
(13.04.1987), vis-a-vis, the hospital record which shows Kalaichelvan's date
of birth as 07.11.1985 and the alleged note left by Kalaichelvan before
leaving his house, have only further dented the case of the Kathiresan
couple.

29. This Court is conscious of the settled legal position that the
Court, under Section 482, Cr.P.C., should not embark upon to decide disputed
questions of fact. Without even embarking upon that, if the pleadings in the
Maintenance Petition, the accompanying documents and the further documents
that were submitted by the Kathiresan couple during the course of hearing of
this case are tested on the anvil of prudence, it can be held that no prima
facie case has been made out for awarding maintenance even in the event of
Dhanush remaining ex parte before the Magistrate. Thus, the averments in the
Maintenance Petition and the materials produced by the Kathiresan couple,
proprio vigore do not make out a case for the trial to proceed further. As
pointed out by the learned Senior Counsel appearing for Dhanush, DNA
profiling cannot be ordered by the Court on the mere asking of a party in the
absence of foundational facts. Though DNA profiling is the best form of
deciding the paternity, the same cannot be routinely ordered on fanciful
pleadings. All the materials produced by the Kathiresan couple may
unflinchingly show that the said couple had a son by name Kalaichelvan and
that he went missing sometime in 2002-2003. But, the important link that the
said Kalaichelvan had metamorphosed into Dhanush is miserably missing in this
case for this Court to order DNA profiling.

30. Now, let me deal with a very disturbing feature in this case, i.e.,
the allegation made by the Kathiresan couple against Kasthuri Raja. In this
regard, paragraph nos.2 and 3 of the advocate's notice dated 04.10.2016
issued by the Kathiresan couple to Dhanush, are profitably extracted as
under:

"2. Now you are pretending yourself and you are under the custody of
Kasthuriraja, Film Director and Kashturiraja is getting money out of your
income and now he is trying to murder my clients, who are your parents. If
any bodily injury or any kind of accidents affecting my client's life is
taken place, it will be by you and your caretaker Kasthuriraja. Who will be
liable for all consequences. You are under the custody of Kasthuriraja and he
is not permitting you to meet your parents. Kasthuriraja is pretending as
your father and engulfing all your monies. You are put in a position that you
cannot come out of the custody of Film Mafia Kasthuriraja.

3. I call upon you to send the maintenance amount to my clients to
their address and inform me authentically. Failing which take notice that I
have instructed to file maintenance case against you under Section 125 of
Cr.P.C. and also you will be prosecuted for neglecting parents under relevant
provisions of law and also you are instructed to send Rs.25,000/- for this
notice charges and charges for filing case against you for maintenance under
the relevant provisions of law. You are bound to pay arrears of maintenance
for previous one year, it will come to Rs.7,85,000/- and from today
Rs.65,000/- per month for your parents maintenance. This is for your strict
notice."

The aforesaid notice has been addressed as follows:

"Mr. Kalaichelvan @ Dhanush K. Raja (Film Actor)
S/o R. Kathiresan and Meenakshi @ Meenal
16/5, Rajamannar Salai
Thiagarayar Nagar
Chennai 600 017"

The envelope containing the notice has returned un-served to the advocate who
has sent it and he has filed the envelope as a document in M.C. No.15 of
2016. A copy of this notice was not filed in any of the typed set of papers
filed before this Court by the Kathiresan couple. This Court noticed this
document while perusing the original records that were summoned from the
Trial Court. Obviously, this notice was not received by Dhanush and
therefore, his side cannot be blamed for not enclosing the same. Had the
Kathiresan couple wanted Dhanush to really receive this notice, there would
have been no necessity for them to have stated his name as Kalaichelvan @
Dhanush, S/o R. Kathiresan and Meenakshi @ Meenal. This is evidently a red
herring deliberately given to ensure that the notice is returned without
service or inter-alia, if it is received by Dhanush, then it will be easy to
allege that by receiving the notice, Dhanush has accepted that he is
Kalaichelvan, S/o.Kathiresan. Of course, how such a silly inference can be
drawn is another question. Every public personality, including Judges get
numerous letters, which are received by their staff routinely. To say that
having received the letter and not responded to it, one has accepted the
contents as true, would be ridiculous. In fact, for initiating a proceeding
under Section 125, Cr.P.C., sending a notice is not at all a sine qua non.
Further, a copy of this notice has been marked to the following authorities:

1. The Commissioner of Police, Madurai City

2. The Inspector General of Police, South Zone, Madurai

3. The Director General of Police, Chennai

4. The Home Secretary to Tamil Nadu, Chennai.

It is not known as to why these authorities were informed or what is the idea
behind marking copies of the notice to them. A very serious allegation that
Kasthuri Raja attempted to murder the Kathiresan couple has been made in the
advocate's notice dated 04.10.2016. But, in the pleadings, the same is
absent. Is it that, prior to the issuance of the advocate's notice dated
04.10.2016, the Kathiresan couple took steps to establish their contact with
Dhanush for proving their relationship and is it that in the course of their
attempt, Kasthuri Raja attempted to murder them? If that is so, then, the
details of the same would have been mentioned in the Maintenance Petition.
What is the need to say that Dhanush is in the custody of film mafia Kasthuri
Raja? During the course of arguments, Mr.Titus submitted that Dhanush has not
signed the Vakalat and affidavits that have been filed before this Court and
that someone on his behalf is litigating. Therefore, this Court asked
Mr.Titus whether the actual Dhanush appeared or his dupe appeared before
Brother Chockalingam, J., on 28.02.2017, for which, Mr.Titus conceded that
the person, who appeared was Dhanush and not his dupe. Now, to still allege
that Dhanush is in the dark about this litigation sounds Gilbertian.

31. That apart, at paragraph no.3 of the notice dated 04.10.2016, the
advocate has demanded Rs.25,000/- for issuance of the same and has also
stated that Dhanush is liable to pay Rs.7,85,000/- at the rate of Rs.65,000/-
per month for previous one year. How can an advocate pass a decree is yet
another question, for which, there is no answer. Only in the final order,
the Magistrate would say that maintenance should be paid from the date of
filing of the petition. Law has not empowered Advocates to pass decrees of
maintenance. The blackmailing tenor of the notice coupled with the concerted
attempts of the Kathiresan couple to malign Dhanush and Kasthuri Raja,
instead of producing credible materials to show the link between Kalaichelvan
and Dhanush, are powerful factors that cannot be ignored by this Court.

32. Coming to the submission of Mr. Titus that R.K. Vengadesha Prabhu
is not Dhanush, because of the discrepancy in the gazette notifications dated
17.12.2003 and 18.02.2015, this Court is of the view that even if this
argument is accepted, that cannot lead to the inference that Dhanush is the
biological son of the Kathiresan couple. The Kathiresan couple seems to be
knowing more about the community details and other particulars of Kasthuri
Raja and Vijayalakshmi as could be seen from their affidavit filed in support
of Crl.M.P. (MD) No.1786 of 2017. It is not known as to who is providing
them with information such as this. But, the Kathiresan couple has not
produced any shred of evidence to link Kalaichelvan with Dhanush. The prayer
in Cr.M.P. (MD) No.1786 of 2017 is indeed very strange. The prayer
presupposes that Kasthuri Raja and Vijayalakshmi are natives of Sankarapuram
Village and Mallingapuram Village respectively of Bodi Taluk, Theni District,
as asserted by the couple in the affidavit filed in support of the prayer.
With such a presupposition, the Kathiresan couple is seeking a direction to
the Tahsildar to issue community certificate to Kasthuriraja and
Vijayalakshmi. Such a prayer cannot be maintained even in a writ petition,
because, one cannot seek a direction to the Revenue authorities to issue
community certificate to another.

33. Supposing ?X? is in need of a community certificate, it is for "X"
to make an application seeking the community certificate and if "X" does not
get the community certificate even after filing an application in this
regard, he can file a writ petition seeking a mandamus to the authorities
concerned directing them to issue the community certificate to him. But, it
does not lie in the mouth of ?Y? to say that the Revenue authorities should
issue a community certificate to "X". Hence, Crl.M.P.(MD) No.1786 of 2017 is
misconceived and the same is accordingly dismissed.

34. Coming to the submission of Mr.Titus that the doctors, who examined
Dhanush have to be cross-examined in the light of the passages quoted from
medical treatise extracted above, this Court is of the view that the
identification marks of Dhanush were checked by doctors on the orders of this
Court only for this Court to be satisfied as to whether there are prima facie
materials in the assertion of the Kathiresan couple and nothing beyond that
can be inferred from the examination conducted by Doctors on Dhanush.

35. As regards the prayer in Crl.M.P.(MD)No.1794 of 2017 filed by the
Kathiresan couple seeking DNA profiling of Dhanush, this Court is bound by
the Supreme Court judgments referred to above, wherein, the Supreme Court has
held in unequivocal language that the person who wants DNA examination to be
done, should make out a prima facie case for the Court to exercise its power.
In the absence of making out a prima facie case from their own pleadings and
documents submitted before the Trial Court as well as this Court, the prayer
of the Kathiresan couple for DNA profiling cannot be entertained.
Accordingly,Crl.M.P. (MD) No.1794 of 2017 is dismissed.

36. In the light of the above findings, this Court is of the view that
the Kathiresan couple has not made out a prima facie case for trial and their
petition in M.C. No.15 of 2016 is devoid of merits. In view of this finding,
it is not necessary to go into the aspect of availability of territorial
jurisdiction for the Judicial Magistrate, Melur, to entertain the petition in
the light of Section 126(1)(a), Cr.P.C.

In fine, the proceedings in M.C. No.15 of 2016 on the file of the
Judicial Magistrate Court, Melur, is quashed and Crl.O.P.(MD) No.480 of 2017
is allowed. Connected Crl.M.P.(MD) Nos.441, 442 1467 of 2017 are closed.

Sd/-

Assistant Registrar

/True Copy/

Sub Assistant Registrar

To:

1       The Judicial Magistrate, Melur

2 The Additional Public Prosecutor
Madurai Benchy of Madras High Court
Madurai.

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