SC and HC Judgments Online at MyNation

Judgments of Supreme Court of India and High Courts

D.Vijaya vs V.Balamurugan on 23 April, 2019



DATED: 23.04.2019



C.M.P(MD)NO.2440 OF 2019
C.M.A(MD)SR.No.9585 of 2019
C.M.A(MD)SR.No.9585 of 2019

D.Vijaya :Petitioner/Appellant/Respondent


V.Balamurugan : Respondent/Respondent/Petitioner

PRAYER in C.M.P(MD)No.2440 of 2019: Civil Miscellaneous
Petition filed under Section 19(3) of the Family Courts Act, praying
this Court to condone the delay of 1239 days in filing the above
Civil Miscellaneous Appeal.
PRAYER IN C.M.A(MD)SR.NO.9585 OF 2019:Civil
Miscellaneous Appeal filed under Section 19 of the Family Courts
Act, against the fair and decretal order made in H.M.O.P.No.122 of
2005, dated 08.09.2015, on the file of Family Court, Madurai.
For Petitioner :Mr.R.Venkatesan
for M/s.Right Law Associates
For Respondent : Mr.D.Sivaraman


[Order of the Court was made by K.KALYANASUNDARAM.,J.]

Heard Mr.R.Venkatesan, learned counsel appearing for the

Petitioner/appellant and Mr.D.Sivaraman, learned counsel

appearing for the respondent and perused the materials placed

before this Court.

2.This Civil Miscellaneous Application has been filed to

condone the delay of 1239 days in filing the above Civil

Miscellaneous Appeal.

3.It is not in dispute that the marriage between the Petitioner

and respondent was solemnized on 26.2.1999 as per Hindu Rites

and Customs. Out of their wedlock, a male child was born to them

on 20.1.2000. The respondent/husband filed a Petition in

H.M.O.P.No.122 of 2005, before the file of Family Court, Madurai,

for divorce on the ground of cruelty and desertion. After contest,

the Petition was allowed on 8.9.2015.

4.The Petitioner would claim that after the divorce

proceedings, the Petitioner had approached the respondent for re-

union, which was also agreed by the respondent. But he was post-

poning the event to get the concurrence from his relatives. Since

she was waiting for a long time, the delay had occurred.

5.The respondent has filed a detailed counter denying the

allegations made in the affidavit and it is also stated that after the

order passed in H.M.O.P.No.122 of 2015 on 8.9.2015, the Petitioner

filed a complaint under the provisions of the Protection of Women

from SectionDomestic Violence Act before the Additional Mahila Court in

M.C.No.73 of 2016. But the above-said material fact has been

suppressed in this affidavit. According to the respondent, the

Petitioner left the matrimonial home on 28.05.2001 and thereafter,

she did not have any intention to return the matrimonial home and

hence, the divorce petition was filed.

6.The learned counsel for the Petitioner as well as the

learned counsel for the respondent have reiterated the averments

made in the affidavit and the counter affidavit respectively.

7.The Honourable Apex Court, in the case of Esha

Bhattarcharjee .vs. Managing Committee of Raghnathpur

Nafar Academy and others made in Civil Appeal Nos.

8183-8184 of 2013, has framed guidelines for considering the

application filed for condoning the delay, which reads as under:

”15. From the aforesaid authorities the
principles that can broadly be culled out are:

(i) There should be a liberal, pragmatic, justice-
oriented, non-pedantic approach while dealing with
an application for condonation of delay, for the courts
are not supposed to legalise injustice but are obliged
to remove injustice.

(ii) The terms “sufficient cause” should be
understood in their proper spirit, philosophy and
purpose regard being had to the fact that these terms
are basically elastic and are to be applied in proper
perspective to the obtaining fact-situation.

(iii) Substantial justice being paramount and
pivotal the technical considerations should not be
given undue and uncalled for emphasis.

(iv) No presumption can be attached to
deliberate causation of delay but, gross negligence on
the part of the counsel or litigant is to be taken note

(v) Lack of bona fides imputable to a party
seeking condonation of delay is a significant and
relevant fact.

(vi) It is to be kept in mind that adherence to
strict proof should not affect public justice and cause
public mischief because the courts are required to be
vigilant so that in the ultimate eventuate there is no
real failure of justice.

(vii) The concept of liberal approach has to
encapsule the conception of reasonableness and it
cannot be allowed a totally unfettered free play.

(viii) There is a distinction between inordinate
delay and a delay of short duration or few days, for
the former doctrine of prejudice is attracted whereas
to the latter it may not be attracted. That apart, the
first one warrants strict approach whereas the
second calls for a liberal delineation.

(ix) The conduct, behaviour and attitude of a
party relating to its inaction or negligence are

relevant factors to be taken into consideration. It is
so as the fundamental principle is that the courts are
required to weigh the scale of balance of justice in
respect of both parties and the said principle cannot
be given a total go by in the name of liberal

(x) If the explanation offered is concocted or
the grounds urged in the application are fanciful, the
courts should be vigilant not to expose the other side
unnecessarily to face such a litigation.

(xi) It is to be borne in mind that no one gets
away with fraud, misrepresentation or interpolation
by taking recourse to the technicalities of law of

(xii) The entire gamut of facts are to be
carefully scrutinized and the approach should be
based on the paradigm of judicial discretion which is
founded on objective reasoning and not on individual

(xiii) The State or a public body or an entity
representing a collective cause should be given some
acceptable latitude.

16.To the aforesaid principles we may add some
more guidelines taking note of the present day
scenario. They are:

(a) An application for condonation of delay
should be drafted with careful concern and not in a
half hazard manner harbouring the notion that the
courts are required to condone delay on the bedrock
of the principle that adjudication of a lis on merits is
seminal to justice dispensation system.

(b) An application for condonation of delay
should not be dealt with in a routine manner on the
base of individual philosophy which is basically

(c) Though no precise formula can be laid down
regard being had to the concept of judicial discretion,
yet a conscious effort for achieving consistency and
collegiality of the adjudicatory system should be
made as that is the ultimate institutional motto.

(d) The increasing tendency to perceive delay
as a non-serious matter and, hence, lackadaisical
propensity can be exhibited in a non-challant manner
requires to be curbed, of course, within legal

From the above guidelines, it is clear that if the delay is for a short

period, a liberal approach can be adopted and for the longer

period, it should be strictly proved by the Petitioner.

8.In the instant case, except the bald and vague allegation,

the Petitioner has not produced any material to substantiate her

case. It is also pertinent to note that the complaint filed under the

SectionDomestic Violence Act is now posted for arguments. If the case of

the Petitioner is true, then she would not have filed the complaint

under the SectionDomestic Violence Act.

9.Keeping in view the facts narrated above and the decision

of the Apex Court, We are of the opinion that the Petitioner has not

shown sufficient cause to condone the enormous delay and hence

the the Petition is liable to be dismissed and accordingly, it is

dismissed. Consequently, the Civil Miscellaneous Appeal is rejected

at SR stage itself. No costs.

[M.K.K.S,J.] [T.K.,J.]




The Judge,
Family Court,




C.M.P(MD)NO.2440 OF 2019
C.M.A(MD)SR.No.9585 of 2019
C.M.A(MD)SR.No.9585 of 2019


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Not found ...? HOW TO WIN 498a, DV, DIVORCE; Search in Above link

All Law documents and Judgment copies
Laws and Bare Acts of India
Landmark SC/HC Judgements
Rules and Regulations of India.


Copyright © 2021 SC and HC Judgments Online at MyNation

Free Legal Help, Just WhatsApp Away

MyNation HELP line

We are Not Lawyers, but No Lawyer will give you Advice like We do

Please read Group Rules – CLICK HERE, If You agree then Please Register CLICK HERE and after registration  JOIN WELCOME GROUP HERE

We handle Women Centric biased laws like False Sectioin 498A IPC, Domestic Violence(DV ACT), Divorce, Maintenance, Alimony, Child Custody, HMA 24, 125 CrPc, 307, 312, 313, 323, 354, 376, 377, 406, 420, 497, 506, 509; TEP, RTI and many more…

MyNation FoundationMyNation FoundationMyNation Foundation