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Dhansai And Anr vs The State Of Madhya Pradesh 67 … on 26 July, 2018

Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999


Criminal Appeal No. 1050 of 1999

Reserved on : 16/07/2018
Delivered on : 26/07/2018

1. Dhansai, Aged 50 years, S/o Buddhuram Rohidas
2. Hiralal, Aged 19 years, S/o Dhansai Rohidas

Both residents of Village Bhelwapara, P.S. Ratanpur, District Bilaspur, MP
(now CG)
—- Appellants


 State of Madhya Pradesh (Now Chhattisgarh), Through Station House
Officer, P.S. Ratanpur, District Bilaspur, MP (now CG)
—- Respondent

For Appellants : Shri R.S. Marhas with Smt. Anubhuti Marhas,
For Respondent/State : Shri Adhiraj Surana,
Deputy Government Advocate

Hon’ble Shri Justice Gautam Chourdiya, J

C.A.V. Judgment

1. This appeal arises out of the judgment of conviction and order of sentences

dated 06.04.1999 passed by learned Second Additional Sessions Judge, Bilaspur

(C.G.) in Sessions Trial No. 253/1998, whereby, the appellants stands convicted

and sentenced as under:-

Conviction: Sentences:

Appellant No.1:
Under Section 307 of the Rigorous imprisonment for four
Indian Penal Code years
(hereinafter referred to as
the ‘IPC’)

Appellant No.2:
Under Section 307/34 of IPC Rigorous imprisonment for four
Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999

2. As per prosecution case, on 17.03.1998 in the morning 8.00 AM First

Information Report (FIR-Ex.-P/5) was lodged by Hulas Ram – PW-4, husband of

the victim/injured (PW-1) – Pramila Bai, against the accused/appellants under

Sections 341, 294, 506-B and 323 of IPC. He (PW-4) stated in FIR that on the date

of incident at 8.00 AM, in his home, the accused/appellants- Dhansai and Hiralal

both are forcefully taken her wife/victim (PW-1) from front of his home near bamoori

(babul) tree and both accused assaulted her wife by hands, fists and by stone.

Victim/injured – Pramila Bai sustained injuries on her face and head. Usha Kumari

(PW-5), Daya Ram (PW-6) and Fatte Lal (PW-7) are the eye-witnesses of the

incident. Dr. A.K. Jha (PW-11) examined the victim/PW-1, his report is Ex.-P/10A

and found following injuries on the fact of the victim:-

i) Bleeding on the left ear;

ii) Lacerated wound on the right scalp size 3 inch x ¼ inch x skin depth;

iii) Swelling on the face;

iv) Lacerated wound on the chin size ½ inch x ¼ inch x skin depth;

v) Lacerated wound on the left cheek size ¼ inch x ¼ inch x skin depth;

vi) Pulse was low, BP 80 not reactably and injuries no. 1 to 5, Doctor

advised X-ray. All the injuries could be caused by hard and blunt

Dr. R.C. Khilwani (PW-2) also examined the tooth of the victim/PW-1, his

report is Ex.-P/2 and found that her left side of lower jaw was broken from two

place. Dr. Shekhar Chatterji (PW-3) also examined X-ray report (Ex.-P/4) and

confirmed the lower jaw was broken.

3. After completion of investigation, the charge-sheet was filed against the

accused/appellants under Sections 506-B, 307 and 325 IPC and while framing the

charges, the trial Judge framed the charge against the accused/appellant- Dhansai

under Section 307 and accused/appellant- Hiralal under Section 307 read with

Section 34 IPC.


Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999

4. So as to hold the accused persons/appellants guilty, the prosecution, in all,

has examined as many as 12 witnesses. Statements of the accused/appellants

were also recorded under Section 313 of the Criminal Code of Procedure, in which

they denied the circumstances appearing against them in the prosecution case,

pleaded innocence and false implication. There was no witness examined on behalf

of the defence.

5. The trial Court after hearing counsel for the parties and considering the

material available on record, by the impugned judgment convicted and sentenced

the accused/appellant- Dhansai under Section 307 IPC and accused/appellant-

Hiralal under Section 307 read with Section 34 IPC, hence this appeal.

6. Learned counsel for the appellants submitted that conviction and sentences

of the appellants are controversy to law and the facts in this case, there is no

independent eye-witness to the incident. He also submitted that only the

statements of victim/injured- Pramila Bai (PW-1) and her daughter- Usha Kumari

(PW-5) have supported the prosecution case but in absence of corroboration from

any of the independent witness, the accused/appellants cannot be convicted. He

submitted that there is no ingredient of offence under Section 307 IPC and was not

proved by the prosecution. At least offence under Section 325 was made out. He

further submitted that accused/appellant- Hiralal was 19 years of young age at the

time of incident and accused/appellant- Dhansai was aged about 50 years, now he

become 70 years old. He submitted that there is no previous criminal record

against the accused/appellants, therefore they may be given to benefit of the

Probation of Offenders Act.

7. On the other hand, counsel for the respondent/State supports the judgment

impugned. It has been argued by the State Counsel that the conviction of the
Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999

appellant is in accordance with law and there is no infirmity in the same.

8. We have heard the counsel for the respective parties and perused the

evidence on record.

9. Pramila Bai (PW-1)-victim/injured, stated in her examination, at about 8.00

AM on the date of incident, her husband was out of village. She was in home with

her 7 years daughter- Usha Kumari (PW-5). At that time, accused/appellants-

Dhansai and Hiralal came and caught her hand in courtyard of the house of victim,

forcefully dragging her and taken to the field of Sarju Dhimar near babool tree.

Accused-Dhansai climbed on her chest and accused- Hiralal pressed her both legs

and start assaulting her with stones on face. The victim/injured sustained injuries

on her face and head by stones, left side of her tooth was broken. At the time of

assaulting by the accused, she was unconscious. When incident happened, her

daughter- Usha Kumari also seen the incident.

10. Usha Kumari (PW-5) was present at that time of incident at home and at the

place of occurrence. She was also supported the prosecution case and admitted in

her cross-examination, both accused was forcefully taken her mother (Pramila Bai

– PW-1) towards field and assaulted her mother with the help of stones. There is no

contradiction or omission or any other reason mentioned to disbelieve both

witnesses (Pramila Bai-PW-1 and Usha Kumar-PW-5).

11. Statements of both witnesses (PW-1 and PW-5) corroborated with medical

examination report conducted by Dr. A.K. Jha (PW-11). On the date of incident i.e.

17.03.1998, he examined Pramila Bai (PW-1) as mentioned in his evidence in para-

1 and proved Ex.-P/10A MLC report and injuries were caused by hard and blunt

object and also advised for X-ray of injury no. 1 to 5. Also Dr. Shekhar Chatterjee
Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999

(PW-3) taken X-ray of the Pramila Bai (PW-1) and found fracture of left mandible.

His X-ray report is Ex.-P/4 and proved the same. Dr. R.C. Khilwani (PW-2) also

examined the tooth of the victim/PW-1, his report is Ex.-P/2 and found that her left

side of lower jaw was broken from two place. From dental wiring, jaw was

immobilized. Dr. R.C. Khilwani (PW-2) also found molar tooth was broken. The

statement of the victim (PW-1) supported by Dr. R.C. Khilwani (PW-2), Dr. Shekhar

Chaterjji (PW-3) proved X-ray report Ex.-P/4 and Dr. A.K. Jha (PW-11). Dr. R.C.

Khilwani (PW-2) suggested in cross-examination if any person fall down on the

stone, the injury caused to the victim may be caused. There is no defence was

proved that the injury caused to the prosecutrix was due to herself fall down on the


12. Victim has been hospitalized from 17.3.1998 to 10.04.2018. Her bed-head

tickets marked as Ex.-P/1 and was proved by prosecution. After the incident,

immediately FIR (Ex.-P/5) was lodged by the husband of the victim (PW-4, Hulas

Ram) and proved Ex.-P/5.

13. Hulas Ram (PW-4) also stated that when he came back village Ratanpur, he

saw his wife (PW-1) was lying in injured condition with bleeding on her face, tooth

was broken and injuries were on the face, head and jaw. His daughter (PW-5) was

weeping on the boundary of field, he was immediately told by her daughter that and

accused- Dhansai and Hiralal taken his wife from courtyard towards the field and

assaulted her with stones. Then Ex.-P/5 lodged by him (PW-4) and there is no any

reason to disbelieve the incident immediately narrated her daughter- Usha Kumari

(PW-5) to father (PW-4)

14. Daya Ram (PW-6) and Fatte Lal (PW-7) have been declared hostile. They

have not supported the prosecution case. Prior to this incident also, as per Ex.-

Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999

P/9C (Roznamcha Sahana), one complaint was also recorded against accused-

Dhansai on 16.03.1998 that Dhansai abuses filthy language to victim.

15. Dr. R.C. Khilwani (PW-2), in para-8, admitted this fact that the injury caused

on the jaw of the victim is grievous and fatal for life and if any complication arises, it

is sufficient for death, but later he also examined the injured even then there was

no complication arises. Appellants/accused having no intention to cause death

caused such injury which was not sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to

cause death and it was not established as to which of the two accused had inflicted

injury on the face and head of the victim/injured (PW-1) which proved not fatal for

life. So it was held that accused/appellants could not be convicted under Sections

307 and 307 read with Section 34 IPC. Instead thereof, the appellants/accused can

be convicted under Sections 325 and 325 read with Section 34 IPC respectively for

causing grievous hurt to the victim/injured (PW-1).

16. In sum and substance, looking to the injuries caused by the

accused/appellants- Dhansai and Hiralal to the victim/injured (PW-1) and the

material available on record shows that the accused/appellants have already

remained in jail for more than three and half months. Presently, they are on bail. At

the time of incident i.e. 17.03.1998, appellant-Dhansai was the age of 50 years,

now he becomes 70 years old and appellant- Hiralal on the date of incident was 19

years of age. Therefore keeping in mind the peculiar facts and circumstances

involved in this case, this Court is of the considered opinion that no useful purpose

would be served in again sending them to jail. The conviction and sentences

imposed upon the accused/appellants under Sections 307 and 307/34 of IPC

respectively are set aside and they are acquitted of these charges, instead thereof,

they are convicted under Sections 325 and 325/34 IPC respectively to the period

already undergone and imposing fine amount on each accused/appellants at
Cr.A. No. 1050 of 1999

Rs.20,000/- payable to the victim/injured (PW-1) as compensation as provided

under Section 357 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.

17. Therefore, sentences are accordingly reduced to the period already

undergone directing the accused/appellants- Dhansai and Hiralal to deposit fine

amount of Rs. 20,000/- each (in total Rs.40,000/-) before the trial Court. If the fine

amount is not deposited by the accused/appellants, they shall further undergo

rigorous imprisonment for six months respectively. The fine amount of Rs. 40,000/-

payable to the victim/injured (PW-1)- Pramila Bai as Compensation.

18. In the result, the appeal is allowed in part.


(Gautam Chourdiya)


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