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Gurdeep Singh & Ors vs Sub Divisional … on 29 November, 2017

CWP-13121-2016 1


CWP No.13121 of 2016 (OM)
Date of decision: November 29, 2017

Gurdeep Singh others …Petitioners


Sub Divisional Magistrate-cum-Presiding
Officer, Maintenance Tribunal, Samana Anr. …Respondents


Present: Mr. P.S. Punia, Senior Advocate with
Ms. Harveen Kaur, Advocate for the petitioners.
Mr. Vikas Mohan Gupta, Addl. Advocate General, Punjab.
Mr. Rajesh Nain, Advocate for
Mr. H.N.S. Gill, Advocate for respondent No.2.

Rajan Gupta, J.

Petitioners pose a challenge to order dated 03.06.2016, passed

by Sub Divisional Magistrate-cum-Presiding Officer, Maintenance Tribunal,

Samana, whereby petition under Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and

Senior Citizen Act, 2007 filed by respondent No.2 (father) was accepted

declaring transfer deed No.368 dated 07.05.2010 as null and void.

Learned senior counsel for the petitioners has urged before this

court that order suffers from patent illegality. The Tribunal without affording

opportunity of hearing to the petitioners, allowed the application filed by

respondent No.2. According to him, the father has not been harassed by the

petitioners in any manner. Respondent No.2 has filed instant application at the

instance of his other sons namely, Hardeep Singh and Jagjit Singh.

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Plea has been opposed by counsel appearing for respondent No.2.

According to him, petitioners have been harassing and maltreating their father,

who is more than 85 years of age. Thus, the authority below has rightly set-

aside the transfer deed.

I have heard learned counsel for the parties and given careful

thought to the facts of the case.

Brief factual matrix of the case is that respondent No.2 had 565

Kanals 8 Marlas of land, situated in village Belu Majra @ Munda Kheri,

Tehsil Samana, District Patiala. He distributed the said land to his sons and

only 145 Kanals 16 Marlas was kept by him for his maintenance. Taking

advantage of illiteracy of respondent No.2, Gurdeep Singh petitioner No.1

got transferred 65 Kanals 1½ Marla of land out of aforesaid 145 Kanals 16

Marlas by way of transfer deed in his favour, by assuring that he would

maintain and serve his father. Petitioner No.1 is residing with his family at

Samana City and he has transferred the land in the name of his wife and son

by way of Deed No.2053 dated 8.10.2012. He refused to pay any expenses

to his father. Ultimately, respondent No.2, who is senior citizen within the

meaning of the Act, preferred application under the provisions of the

Maintenance Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 against

the petitioners, seeking cancellation of transfer deed No.368 dated 7.5.2010.

After considering entire material on record, the authority below allowed the

application filed by respondent No.2.

I find no infirmity with the order. It appears, same was

necessitated in the peculiar circumstances of the case. The authority below

has acted in accordance with the provisions of special enactment and with a

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CWP-13121-2016 3

view to achieve objectives thereof. In judgment reported as Promil Tomar

and others vs State of Haryana and others, CWP No.20072 of 2013, decided

on December 6, 2013, this court held as under:-

“I have carefully considered the said contention of learned counsel
for the petitioners and I am of the opinion that Section 23 (1) of the
Maintenance Act provides that “where any senior citizen has
transferred by way of gift or otherwise, his property, and the
transferee refuses or fails to provide amenities and physical needs,
the said transfer of the property shall be deemed to have been made
by fraud or coercion or under undue influence and shall at the option
of the transferor be declared void by the Tribunal.” The transfer by a
senior citizen in first part of Section 23 (1) of the Maintenance Act
could be a gift or otherwise. The property transferred by gift or
otherwise would include the transfer of the possession of a property
or part of it by a senior citizen. The word “otherwise” used under
Section 23 (1) of the Maintenance Act by the legislation would
include transfer of ownership, transfer of possession by way of a
lease deed, mortgage, gift or sale deed. Even a transfer of possession
to a licencee by a senior citizen will also fall under the ambit of
Section 23 (1) of the Maintenance Act. The word “otherwise” cannot
be ignored for the objective of Section 23 (1) of the Maintenance
Act. In context to the objectives of the Act, “transfer” would mean
that transfer of property by senior citizen need not be a gift only but
it could be any transfer within the meaning of Transfer of Property
Act or would even include transferring of any right of the nature of
title or possession. Section 23 (1) of the Maintenance Act further
provides that if the transfer is subject to a condition that transferee
shall provide basic amenities and basic physical needs to the
transferor and transferee refused to do so, the transfer of property
shall be deemed to have been made by fraud, coercion or undue
influence and would be declared so by the Maintenance Tribunal on
the option of transferor. A senior citizen who had transferred his

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CWP-13121-2016 4

right, title or interest to any other person by gift or otherwise (which
would include transfer of possession by lease, mortgage or licence)
would become void in the event of transferee refusing to provide
amenities and physical needs. The said transfer in such
circumstances would be termed as fraud and would be void.”

In view of above, I am of the considered view that Tribunal has

not erred in allowing the petition preferred by respondent No.2 father.

Transfer in favour of the ward is made with the pious hope that the transferee

would continue to serve the parents as he was doing prior to execution of the

document. Having failed to look after his parents and provide basic amenities

to them in their old age, he makes himself liable for avoidance of the transfer-

deed. Needless to say, in such situation a specific condition that the basic

amenities would be provided to the parents, need not be incorporated in the

transfer-deed. It is deemed to be read into it, as parents make such a transfer

out of love and affection and have no reason to believe that after the transfer,

the ward would turn his back on them and refuse to provide basic amenities

and day-to-day facilities. Thus, pleas raised before this court are without any

merit. Same are hereby rejected. Petition is dismissed.

November 29, 2017

Whether speaking / reasoned Yes / No

Whether Reportable: Yes / No

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