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Joginder Singh vs Gurpinder Kaur on 30 May, 2017

FAO-3710-2017 (OM) -1-


FAO-3710-2017 (OM)

Date of Decision: 30.5.2017

Joginder Singh

Gurpinder Kaur


PRESENT: Mr. Munish Puri, Advocate for the appellant.


1. Delay of 13 days in refiling the appeal is condoned.

2. This appeal has been filed by the husband against the judgment

and decree dated 15.12.2016 passed by the District Judge (Family Court),

Pathankot, whereby the petition filed by the wife under Section 13 of the

Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (in short “the Act”) for dissolution of marriage

by a decree of divorce, was allowed.

3. Sans unessentials, the facts necessary for adjudication of the

present appeal as narrated therein may be noticed. The respondent-wife

(hereinafter described as ‘ the respondent’) filed a divorce petition, inter

alia, pleading that the marriage of the parties was solemnized on 18.5.2005

at village Checha, Tehsil and District Amritsar according to Sikh rites.

After the marriage, both the parties resided together as husband and wife at

village Allowal, Tehsil and District Gurdaspur for one year only. However,

no child was born from the said wedlock. The appellant-husband

(hereinafter referred to as ‘the appellant’) was a quarrelsome, rude, ill

mannered and had made the life of the respondent a living hell. He had
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been threatening her to have illicit relationship with other persons. The

appellant on a number of occasions pressurized the respondent to meet the

demands of money. The appellant used to beat her and forcibly got her

aborted thrice against her wishes. She was subjected to slow poisoning with

an intention to kill her. On 10.6.2006, when the appellant came home, he

beat the respondent with ‘Lathi’ and threw the household articles and clothes

all around in the room. When she told this to her in-laws, the appellant

turned her out from the matrimonial home. The relatives of the respondent

tried to compromise with the appellant but he refused to do so. Her father

was habitual drunkard and forcibly married his daughter with the appellant

who is 25 years elder to the respondent. Even the children from the first

marriage of the appellant were of the same age of the respondent. The

respondent is a Clerk in the Government Senior Secondary School, Dhar

Kalan and from the outside of the school, the appellant along with 3-4

unknown persons attempted twice to kidnap the respondent. She filed a

complaint in this regard with the Police Station Dhar Kalan, but no action

was taken thereon. The respondent earlier filed a similar petition under

Section 13 of the Act which was dismissed in default vide order dated

21.8.2013. Through the instant petition, she prayed for a decree of divorce

by dissolution of marriage. Upon notice, the appellant-husband contested

the divorce petition by filing a written statement. Besides raising various

preliminary objections, it was pleaded that earlier the respondent-wife had

filed a petition under Section 13 of the Act which was dismissed in default

and the same had not been restored till date and, therefore, the second

divorce petition was not maintainable. It was further pleaded that the

appellant used to give respect to the respondent and her family members and

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remained helpful in the problems of her parents and had also given

economic help to them. In the year 2006 when the respondent got the

Government job in the Education Department, she started quarrelling with

the appellant on trifles who made his best efforts to reconcile amicably but

in January, 2009, the respondent left her matrimonial home without any

reasonable cause and since then she was residing at the place of her posting.

The appellant had never demanded any dowry from the respondent and he

still wanted her company. The other averments made in the petition were

denied and a prayer for dismissal of the petition was made. From the

pleadings of the parties, the trial court framed the following issues:-

1. Whether the respondent treated the petitioner with

cruelty, mental as well as physical? OPP

2. Whether the respondent deserted the petitioner

without sufficient cause? OPP

3. Whether the petitioner is entitled for dissolution of

marriage by way of decree of divorce? OPP

4. Relief.

4. The respondent in support of her case, examined herself as

PW1 and tendered her affidavit Ex.PW1/A. On the other hand, the

appellant appeared himself as RW1 and examined his maternal uncle

Darshan Singh as RW2. Both the witnesses had also tendered their

respective affidavits Ex.RW1/A and Ex.RW2/A.

5. The trial court on appreciation of evidence led by the parties

held that the respondent was subjected to mental as well as physical cruelty

and wilfully deserted by the appellant and, therefore, she was entitled to a

decree of divorce from her husband on that ground. Accordingly, the trial

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court vide judgment and decree dated 15.12.2016 allowed the divorce

petition and dissolved the marriage between the parties by a decree of

divorce. Hence, the present appeal.

6. Learned counsel for the appellant submitted that the trial court

had wrongly allowed the divorce petition as the appellant never treated the

wife with cruelty and false allegations were levelled by the respondent-wife.

7. After hearing learned counsel for the appellant, we do not find

any merit in the appeal.

8. Admittedly, the marriage of the appellant with the respondent

was his second marriage. As per the statement of the appellant, he had

grown up children and his elder daughter was married. The respondent in

her affidavit Ex.PW1/A had specifically stated that there was age gap of 25

years between her and the appellant. During her cross-examination, the

respondent had stated that the father of the appellant wanted her to live with

the appellant. Since the appellant was giving economic help to the parents

of the respondent, therefore, her father was asking to join the company of

the appellant. Further, marrying a daughter with a person who is 25 years

older to her against her wishes was itself cruelty to the daughter.

Considering the allegations levelled by the respondent against the appellant

that she was giving beatings, amounted to mental as well as physical

cruelty. The trial Court on appreciation of evidence produced on record had

rightly concluded that the wife was being treated by the husband with

cruelty with the following observations:-

“11. Thus, evidence on record reveals that the marriage

of respondent with petitioner is his second marriage. He

has already grown up children. As per statement of

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respondent his elder daughter is married. His son is

about 25 years and his younger son is 22 years age. The

petitioner in her affidavit specifically stated that there is

age gap of 25 years between her and respondent. It has

also come on record during the cross-examination of

petitioner that father of the respondent wants the

petitioner to live with the respondent. Respondent also

stated in his affidavit RW1/A that he used to help the

parents of petitioner economically. This means that since

the respondent was rendering economic help to father of

the petitioner, the father of the petitioner was asking her

to join the company of respondent. Marrying a daughter

with a person who is 25 years elder to her is itself cruelty

to the daughter. It seems that because of economic

hardship, father of the petitioner marries her off to the

respondent. There can hardly be mental as well as

physical compatibility between the couple when the age

gap is 25 years. The age gap of 25 years because all the

more aggravating, considering the allegations leveled by

the petitioner against the respondent that she was given

physical beatings by the respondent quite often. Giving

the wife to beatings amounts to mental as well as

physical cruelty.”

9. In so far as ground of desertion is concerned, the respondent

deposed that she was turned out of her matrimonial home on 10.6.2006.

She further stated that when the appellant came home, he beat the

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respondent with ‘lathi’ and behaved in a strange manner, throwing

household articles and clothes all around in the room. The trial Court had

correctly recorded that the sole testimony of the respondent was enough to

prove the unusual behaviour of the appellant as she can explain what

happened to her within the four walls of the house or what happened inside

the bedroom. From the evidence on record, the trial Court further noticed

that it was proved that the appellant deserted the respondent before she took

the job and long desertion was enough to pass a decree of divorce in favour

of the respondent especially when the appellant failed to prove that how

many times he made efforts for reconciliation.

10. The findings recorded by the trial court have not been shown to

be erroneous or perverse in any manner being based on misappreciation or

misreading of evidence on record which may warrant interference by this

Court. Consequently, finding no merit in the instant appeal, the same is

hereby dismissed.

11. There is a delay of 60 days in filing the appeal. CM-12148-

CII-2017 has been filed for condonation of 60 days’ delay in filing the

appeal. Since the appeal has been dismissed on merits, no further orders are

required to be passed in the application for condonation of delay in filing

the appeal and the same is disposed of as such.



Whether Speaking/Reasoned Yes

Whether Reportable Yes
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