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Kusum Mondal & Ors vs Swadhin Mondal & Anr on 24 April, 2019




The Hon’ble Justice Joymalya Bagchi
The Hon’ble Justice Manojit Mandal

C.R.A. 475 of 2017

Kusum Mondal Ors.


Swadhin Mondal Anr.

For the Appellants : Mr. Partha Sarathi Bhattacharyya .. Advocate
Mr. Debangan Bhattacharjee .. Advocate

For the State : Mr. Madhusudan Sur .. Ld. A.P.P.
Mr. Manoranjan Mahato .. Advocate

Heard on : 24.04.2019

Judgment on : 24.04.2019

Joymalya Bagchi, J. :-

Supernatural forces were blamed for the death of a housewife. However, pre-

varicating witnesses resiling from their earlier stance and indifferent investigation

sounds the death knell for the prosecution case.

The prosecution case as alleged against the appellants is to the effect that

on 6th September, 2004 at about 6:00 A.M. the victim-housewife, Madhuri Mondal

was found dead with her eyes uprooted in the banana garden adjoining the

homestead of the appellants. She had been married to Sunil Mondal about two

and half years ago and was residing at her matrimonial home at the time of

occurrence. Chaitanya Mondal (since deceased) and Kusum Mondal (appellant

no.1 herein) were her parents-in-law while Sukumar Mondal and Suklal Mondal @

Pancha (absconding accused) were her brothers-in-law. Beni Madhab Mondal

(grandfather of Sunil Mondal) had gifted land which was cultivated by him. Other

family members exerted pressure for transfer and joint enjoyment of the land. It is

alleged that Madhuri was unwilling to such arrangement. As a result, she was

subjected to torture and ill-treatment. Under such circumstances, behind the

homestead of the appellants in the early hours of the fateful day her mutilated

dead body was recovered in the banana garden. The matter was reported to

Sadhin Mondal (PW16), brother of the victim. He along with other family members

rushed to the spot and found that the eyes of the victim-housewife had been

uprooted. Her ears had been cut and there was a ligature mark round her neck.

He heard from local people that the accused persons claimed that the victim-

housewife had been killed by a ghost. PW16 suspected the appellants for the

murder of his sister and lodged FIR resulting in registration of Jiaganj Police

Station Case No. 51 of 2004 dated 6th September, 2004 under Sections

498A/Section302/Section201/Section34 of the Indian Penal Code. In conclusion of investigation,

charge-sheet was filed against the appellants. The case being a sessions triable

one was committed to the Court of Sessions and transferred to the court of the

learned Additional Sessions Judge, Lalbagh, Murshidabad for trial and disposal.

As Suklal Mondal @ Pancha had absconded and Chaitanya Mondal had expired,

charges were framed against the appellants under Sections 498A/Section302/Section201/Section34 of

the Indian Penal Code. The appellants pleaded not guilty and claimed to be tried.

In the course of trial, prosecution examined 21 witnesses and exhibited a number

of documents. In conclusion of trial, the trial Judge by the impugned judgment

and order dated 17th December/19th December, 2013 passed by the learned

Additional Sessions Judge, Lalbagh, Murshidabad in Sessions Trial No. 1 of May,

2009 [Sessions Case No. 45/2008] convicting the appellants for commission of

offence punishable under Sections 302/Section201/Section34 of the Indian Penal Code and

sentencing them to suffer rigorous imprisonment for life and to pay fine of

Rs.10,000/- each for the offence punishable under Sections 302/Section34 IPC and to

suffer rigorous imprisonment for six years and to pay fine of Rs.5,000/- each, in

default, to suffer rigorous imprisonment for six months more for the offence

punishable under Sections 201/Section34 IPC; both the sentences to run concurrently.

However, by the selfsame judgment, appellants were acquitted of the charges

under Section 498A IPC.

Hence, the present appeal.

Mr. Partha Sarathi Bhattacharyya, learned advocate appearing for the

appellants argued there is no direct evidence connecting the appellants with the

murder of the victim-housewife. Circumstances relied on by the prosecution have

not been proved and even so they do not unerringly point to the guilt of the

appellants. Dead body of the victim-housewife was recovered from a place which

was freely accessible to all and evidence has come on record that the victim-

housewife resided in a separate room with her husband namely, Sunil Mondal. No

forensic report with regard to presence of human blood from the seized articles

was produced in the instant case. Motive for commission of crime is vague and by

no stretch of imagination the husband could have shared the motive with other

appellants to the housewife. Hence, the appeal is liable to be allowed.

On the other hand, Mr. Madhusudan Sur, learned Additional Public

Prosecutor along with Mr. Manoranjan Mahato, learned advocate appearing for the

State submitted that the victim-housewife was residing with the appellants at her

matrimonial home at the time of occurrence. In the early morning of 6.9.2009

dead body of the victim was found in mutilated condition in the banana garden

adjoining the homestead of the appellants. No explanation is forthcoming from the

appellants with regard to the circumstances in which the victim suffered brutal

death. Appellants were exerting pressure upon the victim-housewife for joint

enjoyment of the land which had been gifted to her husband by his grandfather.

They had floated a false plea of murder by ghosts. Hence, the chain of

circumstances pointing at their guilt is fully established. Accordingly, the appeal

ought to be dismissed.

From the evidence on record as well as the submissions made at the bar, it

appears that the prosecution case is based on circumstantial evidence.

P.Ws. 4, 5, 16 and 17 are the relations of the deceased.

P.W. 16, Sadhin Mondal, is her brother and de facto complainant. He

deposed that around 6 a.m. they received information that dead body of their

sister was lying on the banana garden behind her matrimonial house. They were

informed by the neighbour of the appellants that her sister had been killed by

ghosts. They rushed to the banana garden and found marks of injuries on the

throat of her sister. They noticed that her eyes had been uprooted and ear cut. He

deposed two years and five months prior to the incident Madhuri was married to

Sunil. Sunil had been gifted a piece of land and money by his grandfather. Other

in-laws were unhappy and wanted that the said gifted property be shared jointly.

Madhuri did not agree to such proposal and was subjected to mental and physical

torture. As the dead body of Madhuri was discovered in the garden behind the

house of the accused persons he suspected that they had a hand in the murder.

He had heard from Madhuri that his mother-in-law threatened her that she would

uproot her eyes whereupon Madhuri had threatened that she would ruin the

family. He lodged written complaint scribed by Kartick Chandra Mondal, his uncle

(P.W. 10). He signed on the inquest report. His evidence is corroborated by the

other bothers viz. Nikhil Mandal (P.W. 4) and Gora chand Mandal (P.W. 7).

P.W. 5, Kamala Mandal, mother of the victim, also supported the evidence of

her sons, as aforesaid.

P.W. 19, Dr. Tapash Kumar Das, held post mortem examination over the

body of the victim and found the following injuries:-

“1. Both eyes of the victim were enucleated from the eye cavity by
sharp weapon.

2. Lower half of right ear including lobule missing, cut by sharp cutting

3. Well defined transverse continuous ligature mark just below the
thyroid cartilage.

4. Bruises in the subcutaneous tissue.

5. Extravassation of blood in the neck muscles.

6. Fracture of right corner of the hyoid bone.”

He opined that the death of the victim was due to cardiac respiratory failure

due to asphyxia and strangulation which is ante mortem and homicidal in nature.

He proved the post mortem report marked as ‘Ext.-7’.

From the aforesaid evidence it appears that the victim Madhuri was married

to Sunil Mondal two years and five months prior to the incident. She was residing

with her husband at her matrimonial home. Other appellants viz. Kusum and

Sukumar are her mother-in-law and brother-in-law respectively. Sunil had been

gifted land and money by his grandfather, Beni Madhab. In-laws of Madhuri

including appellant nos. 2 and 3 insisted that the gifted property be shared jointly.

Madhuri did not agree. As a result, she was subjected to ill treatment at her

matrimonial home. Finally on 06.09.2004 her mutilated dead body was recovered

from the banana garden adjoining to the homestead of the appellants. Post

mortem doctor opined that the housewife suffered asphyxia death due to


However, the prosecution case which is based on circumstantial evidence

has suffered a jolt as the neighbouring witnesses namely, P.W.s 1, 2, 6, 11, 12, 13,

18 have turned hostile and have not supported the prosecution case.It may be

profitable to recount relevant parts of their evidence in précis.

P.W. 2, Swapan Mandal, admitted his signature on the seizure list relating

to seizure of earth and lungi in front of the house of the appellants Sukumar and

Pacha (absconding accused) as well as seizure of earth from the place where the

body was recovered, he did not support the prosecution case that he had seen the

accused persons taking something towards their garden. On the other hand, in

cross-examination, he claimed that there was cordial relationship between the


Similarly, his wife Pabitri Mandal, (P.W.3) also did not support the

prosecution case and was declared hostile. She, however, deposed that on the

night the victim was residing at her matrimonial home and had not gone out to

listen “Manasa Play” which was organized in the village.

P.Ws. 6 and 13 who were cited as witnesses to the seizure of ‘gamcha’ from a

bamboo bush near the house of the accused persons, turned hostile and did not

support the prosecution case. They, however, admitted their signatures on the

seizure list.

Another neighbour Dijen Mandal (P.W. 11) also retracted from his previous

statement that he has seen the appellants carry a heavy object out of their house

in the night.


P.W. 7, Gora Chand Mandal, deposed that he had informed the police after

hearing the incident and such information was diarised by P.W. 21 at the police


Subsequently, on receiving written complaint from P.W. 16, P.W. 20 (I.O.)

commenced investigation in the instant case. He came to the place of occurrence

around 7.25 a.m. He held inquest over the dead body (Ext.11). Subsequently he

requisitioned assistance of SDO, Lalbagh to conduct magisterial inquest over the

body. Executive Magistrate held inquest over the body marked as “Exbt.-12”.

Thereafter he sent the dead body for post mortem examination through head

constable. He prepared rough sketch map on the place of occurrence marked as

“Exbt.-13”. He also prepared another sketch map of the place of occurrence with

index i.e. house of Sukumar and Suklal alias Pacha marked as “Exbt.-14”. He

prepared another rough sketch map of the place of occurrence marked as “Exbt.-

15”. He could ascertain during investigation that victim was killed in her room

and her dead body was dragged to the room of Sukumar and Suklal and thereafter

body was thrown into the banana garden. He seized blood stained earth and

printed lungi with blood stains under a seizure list marked as “Exbt.-2”. He also

seized blood stained earth where the body was detected marked as “Exbt.-1”. He

also seized a red coloured gamcha from the back of the house of the accused

persons. He seized a brass metal kerosene lamp from the room of the deceased

marked as “Exbt.-4”. He identified the articles in the Court. He submitted charge-

sheet. In cross-examination, he stated that he had sent the blood stained lungi

and blood stained earth along with FSL blood of the deceased for chemical

examination. He, however, did not receive any report in that regard.

Lack of support from the neighbouring witnesses, as aforesaid, leaves the

court to rely on the opinion of the investigating officer P.W 20 alone with regard to

the manner and course in which the incident occurred. It is trite law that opinion

of investigating officer with regard to the manner in which the crime was

committed is not substantive evidence. Most of the neighbouring witnesses have

resiled from their earlier statements and have not supported the prosecution case

to establish a vital link in the chain of circumstances i.e. the appellants had been

seen carrying a heavy object from their house in the night of occurrence.

In the absence of cogent evidence proving the aforesaid fact, I am

constrained to hold the chain of circumstances sought to be established by the

prosecution against the appellants is broken. The situation is further aggravated

by non-production of chemical report of seized earth and ‘lungi’ to establish that

they were stained with blood of the deceased or at the least human blood. Absence

of legally admissible and cogent evidence with regard the aforesaid facts severly

impairs the prosecution case and one is left with a lingering grave suspicion

against the appellants which howsoever strong cannot take the place of proof

beyond reasonable doubt.

It is also important note that the motive of commission of crime is on a

shaky premise. Evidence has been led that the in-laws of the deceased pressurised

her to transfer the land gifted to her husband to joint family stock. Even if it is

accepted as motive of the crime, I find it difficult to believe that her husband

would join the other in-laws in that endeavour and commit murder of his wife.

Finally, it has been argued that the prosecution case ought to be believed as

the victim was residing at her matrimonial home at the time of occurrence and no

explanation is forthcoming from the appellants how her mutilated dead body was

recovered from a banana plantation adjoining their homestead. Burden of proof in

a criminal trial always rests on the prosecution. Only when the prosecution has

been able to establish a set of circumstances leading to the inference that

homicidal death of the victim is within the “special knowledge” of an accused, does

failure on his parts to explain the circumstances leading to the homicidal death

gives rise to an adverse inference against him. In the present case body of the

victim was found in a banana garden which is accessible to all. It is nobody’s case

that the banana garden was bounded by a wall or was in the exclusive possession

and control of the appellants alone. That apart it appears from the rough sketch

maps (Ext. 14 15) relied upon by the prosecution that the appellants

particularly, the appellant no. 3 was residing in a separate house from that of the

victim and her husband. Apart from the speculative opinion of the I.O. (P.W. 20)

which is inadmissible in law, there is no legally admissible evidence that the victim

was murdered inside her room and thereafter her dead body had been put into

banana plantation, as alleged. In the absence of cogent evidence on record with

regard to homicidal death of the deceased in a place which was within the

exclusive control and custody of the appellants, it is impermissible to draw

adverse inference against them for the reason that they have failed to come up

with an explanation as to how the victim suffered homicidal death. Even the

prosecution case that the appellants had floated a false plea amongst their

neighbours that the victim had been killed by ‘ghosts’ has not been supported by

the local people. P.W.s 1 and 18 who generally spoke of such rumour, however,

did not attribute it to the appellants.

Hence, the prosecution case has not been proved beyond reasonable doubt

and appellants are entitled to the benefit of doubt. Appellants are acquitted from

the charges levelled against them.

Hence, I set aside the conviction and sentence of the appellants.

Appeal is allowed.


Appellants shall be forthwith released from custody if they are not wanted in

any other case upon executing a bond to the satisfaction of learned trial court

which shall remain in force for a period of six months in terms of Sectionsection 437A


Let a copy of this judgment along with the lower court records be forthwith

sent down to the trial court at once.

Photostat certified copy of this judgment, if applied for, shall be made

available to the appellant within a week from the date of putting in the requisites.

I agree.

(Manojit Mandal, J.) (Joymalya Bagchi, J.)


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