HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT ALLAHABAD
?Court No. – 46
Case :- APPLICATION U/S 482 No. – 3712 of 2020
Applicant :- Pravesh Kumar
Opposite Party :- State Of U.P.And Another
Counsel for Applicant :- Premendra Kumar,Anish Kumar Singh
Counsel for Opposite Party :- G.A.
Hon’ble Naheed Ara Moonis,J.
Heard learned counsel for the applicant, the learned AGA for the State and perused the record.
The instant application has been filed by the applicant with a prayer to quash the entire proceedings pursuant to the summoning order dated 14.9.2017 passed by the learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Court No.2, Bulandshahr in Complaint Case No.178 of 2016 (Ishwar Singh Vs. Pravesh Kumar), under Section 406 IPC, P.S. Gulawati, Districtd Bulandshahr as well as the order dated 10.6.2019 passed by the learned Sessions Judge, Bulandshahr in Criminal Revision No.58 of 2019.
The contention of the counsel for the applicant is that no offence against the applicant is disclosed and the present prosecution has been instituted with a malafide intention for the purposes of harassment. No specific role has been mentioned in the complaint against the applicant who is the husband of the deceased that any streedhan, whatsoever, has been withheld by him except his presence when the articles have been given at the time of the marriage to the family members of the applicant. Learned court below has proceeded against the applicant in a pedantic manner merely on the basis of statements of the complainant and of the witnesses recorded under Sections 200/202 Cr.P.C. and passed the summoning order against him to face the trial under the aforesaid offences when no prima facie offence is made out, which is nothing but sheer abuse of the process of law.The revision preferred against the summoning order has also been rejected wholly on erroneous ground by the revisional court, hence impugned orders are liable to be set aside.
Per contra learned AGA opposed contention of the applicant stating that the order passed by the learned Magistrate does not suffer from any legal or procedural infirmity. The learned Magistrate has taken cognizance of the matter after recording the statement of the complainant and the witnesses under sections 200 and 202 Cr.P.C. It is pointed out that a case under Sections 498-A,304-B IPC and Section 3/4 Dowry Prohibition Act is also pending against the applicant. The innocence of the applicant cannot be adjudged at the primitive stage who was entrusted with the stridhan of his deceased wife. Moreover, disputed question of fact cannot be decided at this stage. As such, the applicant will have ample opportunity to raise objection at the appropriate stage before the court below.
From the perusal of the materials on record and looking into the facts and after considering the arguments of the learned AGA for the State, it cannot be said that no offence has been made out against the applicant. Cognizance taken by the trial court, whereby the applicant has been summoned to face the trial which has been affirmed by the revisional court suffers from no illegality and as such the prayer for quashing the proceedings is refused. At the stage of issuing process the court below is not expected to examine and assess in detail the material placed on record. Only this has to be seen whether prima facie cognizable offence is made out or not. The Apex Court has also laid down the guidelines in the case State of Haryana Vs. Bhajanlal, 1999 SCC(Crl) 426, and State of Bihar Vs. P. P. Sharma, 1992 SCC(Crl) 192.where the criminal proceedings could be interfered and quashed in exercise of its power envisaged under section 482 Cr.P.C.
From the aforesaid decisions the Apex Court has settled the legal position for quashing of the proceedings at the initial stage. The test to be applied by the court is to whether uncontroverted allegation as made prima facie establishes the offence and the chances of ultimate conviction is bleak and no useful purpose is likely to be served by allowing criminal proceedings to be continue. In S. W. Palanattkar others Vs. State of Bihar, 2002(44) ACC 168, it has been held by the Hon’ble Apex Court, that quashing of the criminal proceedings is an exception than a rule. The inherent powers of the High Court under Section 482 Cr.P.C. itself envisages three circumstances under which the inherent jurisdiction may be exercised:-
i. to give effect an order under the Code;
ii. to prevent abuse of the process of the court;
iii. to otherwise secure the ends of justice.
The power of High Court is very wide but should be exercised very cautiously to do real and substantial justice for which the court alone exists. The High Court would not embark upon an inquiry as it is the function of the Trial Judge/Court. The interference at the threshold of quashing of the criminal proceedings in case in hand cannot be said to be exceptional as it discloses prima facie commission of an offence. Even if there is suspicion about commission of offence the charge can be framed.
Having considered rival submissions advanced by the learned counsel for the parties, this Court does not find any justifiable ground for quashing the proceedings initiated pursuant to the summoning order in the aforesaid case in exercise of its inherent powers conferred under section 482 Cr.P.C. The application is bereft of merits and is accordingly dismissed.
However, the applicant is directed to appear and surrender before the court below and apply for bail within a period of thirty days from today, the prayer for bail shall be considered expeditiously in accordance with law after hearing the Public Prosecutor.
In case the applicant fails to surrender within the stipulated period the court below shall take appropriate action against him.
Order Date :- 6.2.2020