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Rahul vs State on 1 June, 2017

% Decided on: 1st June, 2017

+ CRL.A. 500/2014

RAHUL ….. Appellant
Represented by: Mr. Azhar Qayum, Adv.
DHCLSC, Mr. Bharat Chugh,
Adv. (amicus curiae) with
appellant produced in custody.

STATE ….. Respondent
Represented by: Mr. Ravi Nayak, APP for State
with SI Vipin Kumar PS


1. Rahul challenges the impugned judgment dated 29 th November, 2013
convicting him for offences punishable under Sections 376/323 IPC and the
order on sentence dated 9th December, 2013 directing him to undergo
rigorous imprisonment for a period of seven years and to pay a fine of
₹2,000/- for offence punishable under Section 376 IPC and rigorous
imprisonment for a period of one year for offence punishable under Section
323 IPC.

2. Assailing the conviction, Learned Counsel for the appellant Mr. Azhar
Qayum contends that there are material contradictions in the testimony of
prosecutrix as deposed by her in Court and her statement recorded under
Section 164 Cr.P.C. In her statement under Section 164 Cr.P.C. she does not

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 1 of 9
state that she had earned around ₹300/- by selling rags. Further even from
the evidence of prosecutrix it is evident that she had been roaming around
the area with the appellant for quite some time and the act was thus
consensual in nature as was also the defence taken by the appellant in his
statement under Section 313 Cr.P.C. He further states that from the conjoint
reading of the deposition of the prosecutrix and the statement under Section
164 Cr.P.C. it is evident that she was not lost on the way, she knew the
appellant from before and was thus comfortable in his company.

3. Learned amicus curiae Mr. Bharat Chugh, Advocate adding to the
contentions raised by learned counsel for the appellant states that the consent
of the prosecutrix is evident from the place where the appellant and the
prosecutrix were allegedly found. In case there was no consent between the
two they would not have been found at a place underneath the bridge which
could not be reached easily. Further immediately after the alleged incident,
the prosecutrix was medically examined wherein she was found to be
conscious and oriented. Thus it cannot be said that her consent was taken
under the influence of drugs. Learned counsels thus pray that the appellant
be acquitted of the charge for offence punishable under Section 376 IPC.

4. Learned APP for the State on the other hand submits that the alleged
incident took place on 20th March, 2013 after the amendment in the Indian
Penal Code was brought in on 6th March, 2013. Thus the consent of the
prosecutrix was required to be unequivocal. The story set up by the
appellant that the relationship between the two was consensual is falsified by
the nature of injuries present on the prosecutrix and that she shouted and
cried which shrieks were heard by the officials of the PCR van and when
they reached the place of incident they found the prosecutrix and the

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 2 of 9
appellant in an objectionable condition. Further contrary pleas have been
taken by the appellant i.e. in his statement under Section 313 Cr.P.C. he
stated that the relationship was with the consent of the prosecutrix who took
money which was given to the two boys who went away whereas appearing
as DW-1, appellant deposed that prosecutrix started quarrelling with him as
she was demanding more money. The fact remains that from the statement
of the prosecutrix and the FSL report it has been proved conclusively that
physical relationship between the appellant and prosecutrix was duly
established; thus falsifying the plea of the appellant which he took appearing
as DW-1 that no physical relationship took place and the prosecutrix started
demanding more money.

5. Process of law was set into motion on 20 th March 2013, when HC
Yogender Singh posted as Incharge, PCR van S-34 along with gunman Ct.
Vikram Singh and driver Ct. Dharmender while patrolling at around 11.15
AM reached at electric crematorium behind Lal Quila where they heard the
sound of crying of a girl. They stopped the PCR van, looked under the
flyover loop wall and saw one boy was lying on a girl in an objectionable
condition and was also beating her. HC Yogender Singh along with other
police officials went below the flyover to stop the boy. However, on seeing
them, the boy started running towards the bushes but was apprehended. His
name was revealed as Rahul. Blood was oozing from the head of the girl.
Information was given to police control room which was recorded vide DD
No. 21(Ex. PW-11/A) at PS Kotwali. DD entry was assigned to SI Manohar
Lal,who along with W/HC Krishna and Ct. Arvind reached the spot and met
the prosecutrix, Rahul and PCR officials. After sometime, W/ASI Devki also
reached the spot and made enquiries from the prosecutrix and PCR officials.

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 3 of 9

W/ASI Devki along with W/HC Krishna and Ct. Arvind took the prosecutrix
to Aruna Asif Ali Hospital for her medical examination. Thereafter,
statement of the prosecutrix was recorded vide Ex. PW-1/A wherein she
stated that she resided at Jahangirpuri with her family and was a rag picker.
Due to the influence of bad company, she got addicted to drugs. On 19 th
March 2013, around 10:00 A.M., she left her house, without informing
anyone, to pick up ‘kabara’. Whatever ‘kabara’ she had picked up from
Model Town was sold by her in Model Town itself for ₹320. At around 7:00
P.M., she went to Jama Masjid from where she bought a tube of Silochan,
sniffed it and was thus under the influence of the drug. Thereafter, she slept
on the pavement at Jama Masjid. On 20th March, 2013, when she woke up in
the morning, she again sniffed the tube. While roaming around, she reached
near Hanuman Mandir, Kashmere Gate, under the flyover where she lost ₹20
due to which she started crying. Thereafter, a boy came there and asked her
as to why she was crying. She told him that she had lost her money and
forgotten the way. The boy assured her that he would tell her the way and
took her around. They reached Red Fort around 11:00 A.M., from there he
took her to the bushes near Red fort flyover where he forcefully removed her
Salwar and did ‘galat kaam’ with her. When she resisted, he assaulted her, as
a result of which her head hit the wall and got injured. When she raised
alarm, police heard the same and the police van reached there. Seeing the
police, the boy got up and started running but was apprehended by the
police. On the basis of the aforesaid statement, FIR No. 49/2013(Ex. PW-
2/A) was registered under Sections 376/323 IPC at PS Kotwali.

6. Thereafter, W/ASI Devki left the hospital for spot. After inspecting
the spot, Crime Team Incharge prepared the report (Ex. PW-12/A). Crime

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 4 of 9
Team photographer took the photographs (Ex. PW-10/A-1 to Ex. PW-10/A-

7) of the spot. W/ASI Devki collected blood stained earth, earth control,
blood stained shirt of Rahul and seized the same vide seizure memo Ex. PW-
14/A. She also prepared the site plan (Ex. PW-16/B) at the instance of SI
Manohar. Thereafter she took Rahul to Aruna Asaf Ali Hospital for his
medical examination. Articles of the prosecutrix were seized vide seizure
memo Ex. PW-16/C. Further investigation of the case was assigned to SI
Veena Kumari. Articles of Rahul were seized vide seizure memo Ex.PW-
16/D. Rahul was arrested vide arrest memo Ex. PW-17/A. On 23rd March,
2013, statement (Ex. PW-1/B) of the prosecutrix was recorded under Section
164 Cr.P.C. During the course of investigation, the school leaving certificate
regarding age of the prosecutrix was collected from her school. Charge for
offences punishable under Sections 376/323 IPC was framed against Rahul
vide order dated 16th July, 2013.

7. The prosecutrix, who was examined as PW-1, deposed in sync with
her earlier statements made before the police and Learned Magistrate.
During her cross-examination, she denied the suggestion that Rahul
established sexual relations with her consent or that he paid money for the
same. She also denied the suggestion that she was demanding more money
than settled, to which Rahul refused and quarrel started between them. She
further denied the suggestion that due to scuffle between them, both of them
received injuries.

8. Father of the prosecutrix who was examined as PW-15 deposed that
on 19th August, 2013, the prosecutrix had left the home in the morning
without informing them. When she did not return, he tried to search her but

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 5 of 9
she could not be traced. On 20th March, 2013, around 2:00-3:00 P.M., police
informed him on phone about recovery of the prosecutrix.

9. PW-6 Ms. Anju Rani, TGT Social Science Government Girls Senior
Secondary School, who was deputed to depose on behalf of the Principal of
the aforesaid school stated that as per school records, date of birth of the
prosecutrix is 28th November, 1993. The copy of the relevant entry from the
attendance register, copy of school leaving certificate of last attended school
and copy of school leaving certificate of aforesaid school issued by the
Principal were exhibited as Ex.PW-6/B to 6W-6/D respectively.

10. PW-8 Dr. Nazrat Perveen, Medical Officer, Aruna Asif Ali Hospital,
Delhi stated that on 20th March, 2013, he had examined the prosecutrix vide
MLC Ex. PW-8/A. As per the MLC, there was mild swelling at the temporal
pivotal region of the scalp on the right side with superficial abrasion on the
same side 1 X 1 cm. She also found two linear abrasions on back of chest
extending from right to left side approx 14 cm each X 0.5 cm. After her
medical examination, she was referred to SR Gynae for further detailed
examination and expert opinion.

11. PW-3 Dr. Basava Raj, SR Gynae, Aruna Asif Ali Hospital, stated that
on 20th March, 2013, she conducted the gynae examination of the prosecutrix
vide MLC Ex. PW3/A. She found mild swelling at right tempo-parietal
region of the scalp with abrasions, two linear abrasions on the back of the
chest, the hymen was old torn and redness was found over fourchette.

12. As per the FSL report Ex. PX-1, human semen was detected on
exhibits ‘1k-1’ (cotton wool swab on wooden stick- vaginal secretion), ‘1n’
(small amount of dirty liquid kept in a syringe and then kept in an envelope
marked as “step 11 washing from vagina”), ‘1o-1’ (dirty cotton wool swab on

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 6 of 9
wooden stick- rectal examination), ‘1o-2a’ (microslide having faint whitish
smear kept in plastic cover), ‘2a’ (one dirty ladies shirt), ‘2b’ (one dirty ladies
salwar), ‘2c’ (one dirty shawl) and ‘6’ (foul smelling yellowish gauze cloth
piece described as ‘semen’).

13. Dr. Akash Jhanji who was to depose in respect of MLC of Rahul was
given up as Rahul did not dispute his medical examination. As per the MLC
of Rahul, one superficial abrasion small in size was found on the chin.
Rahul in his statement recorded under Section 313 Cr.P.C. stated that there
were two boys with the prosecutrix. He paid ₹350/- and they left after
leaving the prosecutrix with him. The prosecutrix had established physical
relations with him with her consent after taking money which he paid to the
two boys who were alongwith her as told by her. A quarrel ensued between
them as she started demanding more money. She fell down on the road
herself and might have sustained injuries due to said fall.

14. Rahul examined himself as DW-1 in his defence wherein he stated
that on 20th March, 2013 around 12 noon, he was coming from Gandhi
Nagar on foot. When he crossed the iron bridge and reached behind Red Fort
at the flyover loop near Electric Crematorium, he saw the prosecutrix
standing with two boys. They stopped him and asked him if he wanted to
establish physical relations with the prosecutrix. He agreed and it was settled
that he would pay ₹300/- to her for the same. The prosecutrix asked him to
accompany her. He started walking with her. The boys followed them and
she asked him to give the money to those two boys. He gave them ₹300/-
and they went away, leaving the prosecutrix with him. No physical relations
were established between them as the prosecutrix started demanding more
money. He did not have more money. The prosecutrix started quarrelling

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 7 of 9
with him over money. Two public persons reached there and made a call at
100 number. Police arrived at the spot and he was handed over to the police.

15. From the evidence of the prosecutrix, MLC of the prosecutrix and the
FSL report, the prosecution has proved beyond reasonable doubt that
physical relations were established between the prosecutrix and Rahul,
falsifying his testimony recorded as DW-1. The issue now before this Court
is whether the relationship was consensual.

16. As regards the plea taken in the statement under Section 313 Cr.P.C.
that after giving money the relationship was established, it would be apposite
to note the testimony of the two Police witnesses i.e. Head Constable
Yogender Singh, incharge of the PCR van and Constable Vikram Singh, who
was accompanying him in the PCR van. After hearing the cries of the
prosecutrix they both were alerted, however they could not see the
prosecutrix and they went underneath the flyover loop and after getting down
from the PCR van they moved 15-20 steps where they found appellant and
the prosecutrix. The entire process would have at least taken 5 minutes from
the time they heard the cries and reached the spot. On reaching the spot, the
two officers found the appellant and the prosecutrix still in objectionable
condition, repelling the plea of the appellant that the sexual intercourse took
place with the consent of the prosecutrix.

17. Explanation 2 was added to Section 375 IPC by the Criminal Law
(Amendment) Act, 2013 as under:

“Explanation 2. – Consent means an unequivocal voluntary
agreement when the woman by words, gestures or any form of
verbal or non-verbal communication, communicates willingness
to participate in the specific sexual act:

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 8 of 9

Provided that a woman who does not physically resist to
the act of penetration shall not by the reason only of that fact,
be regarded as consenting to the sexual activity.”

18. Not only did the prosecutrix cry out, there was a scuffle between her
and the appellant and in the process the prosecutrix sustained an injury on
her head besides other marks of abrasions and bruises on her body, thus
falsifying the plea of the appellant that the act was consensual in nature.
Moreover the consent if any was not unequivocal.

19. Considering the evidence led by the prosecution, I find no merit in the
present appeal. The judgment of conviction and order on sentence are
upheld. Appeal is dismissed. Appellant who is in custody would undergo
remaining sentence.

20. Copy of this order be sent to Superintendent Central Jail Tihar for
updation of the Jail record and intimation to the appellant.

21. TCR be returned.

JUNE 01, 2017

CRL.A. 500/2014 Page 9 of 9

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