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Samadhan Krishna @ Kisanrao … vs The State Of Maharashtra on 7 January, 2019

Dusane 1/7 22 appa 412.2018.doc

IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY
CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL APPLICATION NO.412 OF 2018
IN
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO.247 OF 2018

Samadhan Krishna @ Kisanrao Shinde
Age : 30 years, Occ.: Loundry Business,
R/o : Gaudwadi, Taluka Sangola,
District Solapur
(At present in Yerwada Central Prison, …. Applicant/
Pune) Ori. Accused no.1
Vs.

The State of Maharashtra …. Respondent

Mr. B.A. Lawate for the Applicant.
Mr. Y.M. Nakhwa, APP for State.

Coram : Smt. Sadhana S. Jadhav, J.
Date : 7th January 2019
P.C.:

1 Heard the respective counsel.

2 This is an application under Section 389 of Code of

Criminal Procedure. The applicant herein is convicted by the learned

Assistant Sessions Judge, Pandharpur vide judgment and order dated

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26th February 2018, for the offences punishable under Sections 498A

and 306 of the Indian Penal Code. For the offence punishable under

Section 498-A of Indian Penal Code, he is sentenced to suffer

rigorous imprisonment of one year and to pay a fine of Rs.10,000/-,

in default to suffer simple imprisonment for one month and for the

offence punishable under Section 306 of Indian Penal Code, he is

sentenced to suffer rigorous imprisonment of five years and to pay a

fine of Rs.10,000/-, in default to suffer simple imprisonment for one

month and both the sentences shall run concurrently.

3 The applicant herein happens to be the husband of the

deceased Nivedita. The deceased was married to her paternal-cousin

i.e. the mother of the applicant happened to be the real paternal aunt

of deceased Nivedita. They were married on 10 th May 2006. The

couple is blessed with two sons.

4 It is the case of the prosecution that Nivedita was being

harassed by her husband and mother-in-law on various counts, on

not fulfilling the domestic chores efficiently. She used to rush to her

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parents’ house and informed them about the same, but on every

occasion, the parents of Nivedita had a hope that there may be a

change in the behaviour of the applicant and his parents. There was

a demand of dowry from the applicant. Her husband i.e. the

applicant had also sold her Mangalsutra. On 29th June 2012,

Shantanu, the son of the applicant had informed his grandfather that

his mother Nivedita was assaulted by the applicant on head with an

axe. It appears that the applicant was suspecting her chastity and

therefore there was an assault on her. It appears that thereafter she

had been to her maternal house and refused to return and therefore

the applicant was constrained to issue notice for cohabitation.

5 The legal notice was replied by the deceased stating that

there was harassment and ill-treatment to her and therefore she

could not return. There was a written agreement between both the

parties that in future the applicant would not harass her. The said

agreement is marked as Article “A” in the records and proceedings.

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6 According to the prosecution, the applicant had not

mended his behaviour and finally on 6th March 2014 Nivedita had

immolated herself. She was admitted in the hospital. Her statement

was recorded. She had disclosed that she has sustained burn injury

while cooking on a stove and that she did not suspect anyone. She

succumbed to the burn injuries on 24th March 2014. The cause of

death is “due to septicaemic shock because of burn injuries”.

7 Learned counsel for the applicant has submitted that the

father of deceased-Nivedita had lodged F.I.R. after three months. He

had stated that he was not in a proper state of mind to lodge the

report.

8 Learned APP submits that in fact the deceased had a hope

that she would survive the burn injuries and therefore she had

disclosed that she has sustained accidental burn injuries. It is also

submitted by the learned APP that keeping in mind the relation

between the parties, no F.I.R. was lodged. However, these are the

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submissions and there is no evidence to that effect except the

statement of PW2 that he was not in a proper state of mind to lodge

the F.I.R.

9 Learned counsel for the applicant submits that in fact the

deceased-Nivedita did not like to stay in her matrimonial home and

therefore the applicant was constrained to issue notice of

cohabitation.

10 The learned Sessions Judge, Pandharpur, by the

judgment and order dated 26th February 2018 has been pleased to

convict the applicant for the offences punishable under Sections 306

and 498-A of Indian Penal Code and sentenced him to suffer rigorous

imprisonment for five years.

11 The applicant has been in custody since 26 th February

2018. He was in custody from 7 th June 2014 to 7th July 2014 as an

under trial prisoner.

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12 Learned counsel for the applicant submits that in fact the

Court has placed implicit reliance upon the substantive evidence of

PW-2. However, there is no material on record to indicate that the

deceased was harassed by the applicant to such an extent that she

would be constrained to cause injury to herself. In fact, it was

incumbent upon the prosecution to bring on record the dying

declaration (Exhibit 63). In paragraph 31 of the judgment, the

learned Sessions Judge has disbelieved the dying declaration on the

ground that it does not inspire confidence that she had sustained

injuries while cooking as she was totally burnt from backside and

from neck to chest from front side and therefore according to the

learned Sessions Judge, the nature of grave injuries to the tune of

75% burnt injuries would not be possible due to burst of stove.

13 Be that as it may the conviction of the applicant is for the

offence punishable under Section 306 of Indian Penal Code. The

dying declaration of the victim would falsify that she had committed

suicide due to harassment meted out to her by the applicant. In view

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of this, the applicant, who is in custody for more than ten months is

entitled to be enlarged on bail. Hence, the following order.

ORDER

i) The application is allowed and stands disposed of.

ii ) The substantive sentence imposed upon the applicant
vide judgment and order dated 26th February 2018 is hereby
suspended.

iii ) The applicant be enlarged on bail on furnishing P.R. bond
in the sum of Rs.50,000/- with one or more solvent sureties in the
like amount.

iv ) The applicant shall report to the Court of Sessions,
Pandharpur once in six months on the date assigned by the Sessions
Judge.

v) Upon failure to attend any two consecutive dates, the
Sessions Court, Pandharpur shall report the same to the High Court
and the prosecution would be at liberty to file an application seeking
cancellation of bail.

( Smt. Sadhana S. Jadhav, J)

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