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Smt. Ridhi @ Radhika vs Rahul Sharma on 28 November, 2017

S.B. Civil Transfer Appl. No. 63 / 2017
Smt. Ridhi @ Radhika D/o Sita Ram W/o Rahul Sharma, Aged
About 25 Years, By Caste Brahmin, Resident of C/o Radheshyam,
Bada Bas, Dhana Mohalla, Near Motiji Chaki, Mathaniya, P.S.
Mathaniya, District Jodhpur. WIFE
Rahul Sharma S/o Shri Ramesh Dutt, By Caste Brahmin, Resident
of House No. 340, K-1, Bhopalpura, Udaipur. HUSBAND
For Petitioner(s) : Mr. Pradeep Choudhary
For Respondent(s) : Mr. RS Mankad

The present application has been filed by petitioner – wife for

transferring the Case No.628/2016 titled as “Rahul vs. Smt. Ridhi

@ Radhika” from Family Court, Udaipur to Family Court No.1,


The petitioner has averred in the present petition that her

marriage was solemnized on 10.02.2015 at Kankroli. After the

marriage, both the petitioner-wife and respondent-husband

started living in Udaipur. But after disturbance in the matrimony,

petitioner was forced to come to her native place at Mathaniya.

The petitioner has filed three cases against the respondent –

husband (i) 498A, 406 313 of the IPC, (ii) Section 12 read with

Sections 18, 19, 22 23 of Protection of Women from Domestic

Violence Act, 2005 and (iii) 125 of Cr.P.C for maintenance against
(2 of 6)

the respondent – husband. All these case are said to be pending in


Praying for transfer of the present case from Family Court,

Udaipur to Family Court No.1, Jodhpur, the petitioner has stated in

the present petition that a day before her marriage, her father

went missing, for which her marriage was performed by her close

relatives. Petitioner has stated that she alongwith her old mother

is living with her uncle in village Mathaniya near District Jodhpur.

The petitioner claims to have no source for livelihood and is totally

dependent upon her uncle.

Mr. Choudhary, learned counsel for the petitioner reiterating

the above facts stated that the respondent – husband has not

even paid maintenance of Rs.4,000/- awarded by Court at

Jodhpur, for which it is very difficult to attend the proceedings at


Mr. Choudhary cited a judgment of Supreme Court rendered

in case of Sunita Singh vs. Kumar Sanjay reported in AIR

2000 SC 396 and submitted that inconvenience of wife is

required to be seen by the Court.

Per contra, Mr. RS Mankad, learned counsel for the

respondent submitted that though marriage was solemnized at

Kankroli, but after the marriage petitioner and respondent-

husband used to live in Udaipur, for which the respondent –

husband rightly has instituted the present case for dissolution of

marriage at Udaipur. According to Mr. Mankad the Court at

Jodhpur is having jurisdiction as per Section 19 of the Hindu

Marriage Act, 1955.
(3 of 6)

Learned counsel for the respondent submitted that mere

inconvenience of the petitioner – wife should not be a reason to

transfer the case and the Court should keep in mind the

jurisdiction of the Court based on cause of action as held by

Supreme Court in the judgment reported in AIR 2007 SC 3157.

Heard learned counsel for the parties and perused the

material available on record.

The petitioner before this Court is a wife, a daughter whose

father has already left the family and his whereabouts are not

known. She is now dependent upon her uncle, with her old mother

in a small village near Jodhpur. In such circumstances, in

considered opinion of this Court taking up journey to Udaipur for

attending the divorce proceedings will be troublesome. Apart from

this, the petitioner has already lodged three cases against the

respondent – husband, which are pending in District Jodhpur;

proceedings in relation thereto are otherwise being attended by

the respondent.

In overall factual matrix, this Court is of the considered

opinion that the interest of justice warrants that the present case

pending before Family Court, Udaipur be transferred to Family

Court No.1, Jodhpur, where the petitioner usually resides.

The Supreme Court in the case reported in AIR 2007 SC

3157 cited by Mr. Mankad is concerned, has held that the Court

should bear in mind the cause of action while deciding an

application under Section 24 of the Act.

The cause of action and the place where the petition is

required to be filed, has been provided in Section 19 of the Hindu
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Marriage Act, 1955.

A perusal of Section 19 of the Act of 1955 shows that a

petition under the provisions of this Act can be filed at any of the

places viz. (i) where the marriage was solemnized, or (ii) the

respondent, at the time of presentation of the petition resides, or

(iii) the parties to the marriage last resided together, or [(iii-a) in

case the wife is the petitioner, where she is residing on the date of

presentation of the petition, or] (iv) ……………………

A look at the provisions aforesaid clearly suggests that a

petition under the Hindu Marriage Act can be presented while

keeping in mind any of the above referred four contingencies. In

the present case, the petition ought to have been filed at Jodhpur,

where the petitioner (respondent) is residing. If the respondent –

husband has field the present case at Udaipur while invoking

clause-(ii) of Section 19, the other provisions of Section 19 cannot

be given a good bye. My aforesaid views are fortified by the

judgment rendered by this Court in case of Smt. Vinita Vs.

Himanshu, reported in AIR 2017 Raj 102, relevant part whereof is

being reproduced hereunder :-

“It is, therefore, felt imperative to examine and
explore the necessary principles governing transfer
applications, filed by families, entangled in forensic fights,
while invoking powers conferred upon this Court by Section
24 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

According to this Court, the provisions of Section 24
of the Code provides a great deal of discretion in the court,
however, such discretion is required to be exercised on the
basis of sound principles. It is true that the discretionary
power, more particularly, the jurisdiction in relation to
transfer of cases, can not be imprisoned or bound within a
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straight jacket or cast-iron formula, uniformly applicable to
all situations, yet the courts are required to be mindful of
the fact that the power to transfer a case must be exercised
with due care, caution and circumspection.

Keeping in mind the provisions and mandate of
Sections 24 and 25 of the Code, various judicial
pronouncements have laid down broad propositions as to
what may constitute a ground for transfer of a case.
Generally speaking, they are, balance of convenience or
inconvenience to the plaintiff or defendant or witnesses;
convenience or inconvenience arising out of a particular
place of trial, having regard to the nature of evidence or the
points involved in the case; issues raised by the parties;
and, reasonable apprehension in the mind of a litigant that
he might not get justice in the court, where the proceedings
are pending, or reasonable apprehension of failure of justice
on the basis of a proven bias. These few factors are some
of the aspects, germane in considering the question of
transfer of a suit, appeal or other proceedings.

It may be true that distance alone may not be
decisive factor but it has its own role while considering the
convenience of the parties, particularly, a wife. Court should
focus on the convenience rather than redressal or mitigating
against inconvenience. Convenience itself is a vital factor, to
be reckoned while deciding a Transfer Petition.”

Looking to the present factual and legal matrix, this Court is

of the considered opinion that the case at hand pending before

Family Court, Udaipur is required to be transferred to Family Court

No.1, Jodhpur.

The transfer application is, therefore, allowed. The Case

No.628/2016 (Rahul vs. Smt. Ridhi) is withdrawn from Family

Court, Udaipur and transferred to Family Court No.1, Jodhpur. A

copy of this order be sent to Family Court, Udaipur as well as
(6 of 6)

Family Court No.1, Jodhpur for facilitating the transmission of


The parties shall keep themselves present on 15.12.2017

before Family Court No.1, Jodhpur for further proceedings.



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