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Sudeshna Vidyarthi vs The Union Of India Through The … on 15 January, 2019

Criminal Writ Jurisdiction Case No.95 of 2019
Arising Out of PS. Case No.- Year- Thana- District-

Sudeshna Vidyarthi, W/o- Prajya Rakshit Vidyarthi, D/o- Shri Arsi Prasad,
R/o- Mohalla- Chitavan, Old Exchange Road Sitamarhi, P.S.- Sitamarhi,
District- Sitamarhi

… … Petitioner/s

1. The Union Of India Through The Foreign Secretary Of India, New Delhi

2. The Chief Secretary of Bihar at Patna

3. The Chief Secretary of Jharkhand at Ranchi

4. The Director General of Police, Bihar, Patna

5. Prajya Rakshit Vidyarthi, S/o- Late Dr. P.N. Vidyarthi.
Present Resident of- 7017 Crown Ridge E1 Paso, Texas Zip-79912 USA,
Permanent Resident of- Q. No. 140 Harmu Housing Colony Ranchi, P.S.
Argora, District- Jharkhand

… … Respondent/s

Appearance :

For the Petitioner/s : Mr.Uma Shankar Singh, Advocate
Dr. Satyendra Kumar Srivastava
For the Union of India : Smt. Nivedita Nirvikar, CGC
For the State Mr. Prabhu Narayan Sharma, AC to AG


Date : 15-01-2019

Heard Shri Uma Shankar Singh, learned counsel

appearing on behalf of the petitioner, along with Shri Satyendra

Kumar Srivastava.

The contention raised is that the petitioner, being the

mother, cannot be deprived of the custody of her children. The

children born from the wedlock of the petitioner and the
Patna High Court Cr. WJC No.95 of 2019 dt.15-01-2019

respondent No.5 appear to be residing with their father, the 5th

respondent, in the United States of America. The first child is a

son, 12 years old and the second is also a son, who is 7 years old.

The issue of custody and guardianship has to be

necessarily gone into in terms of the Guardian and Wards Act,

1890 and can be contested before the Family Court, but even

otherwise, the petitioner being the mother, there cannot be a

substitute for her keeping in view the growing age of the children.

Learned Counsel for the petitioner, therefore, contends

that a writ in the nature of habeas corpus would be maintainable

and, therefore, an appropriate direction may be issued in order to

facilitate either the custody of the children or the company of the

petitioner with her children. Learned counsel has relied on the

Apex Court judgment in the case of Ruchi Majoo Vs. Sanjeev

Majoo, reported in (2011) 6 SCC 479.

Learned counsel for the Union of India and for the State

of Bihar have submitted that this is an important issue of

guardianship and Family Court would only have jurisdiction to

adjudicate such a claim inasmuch as the present custody of the

children with their father and natural guardian cannot be said to be

unlawful. The father being the natural guardian of his children is

entitled for the custody of his sons.

Patna High Court Cr. WJC No.95 of 2019 dt.15-01-2019

Paragraph 7 of the writ petition reads as follows:

“7. That the petitioner is being tortured by Respondent

No.5 and by Sasurali People for which she has taken steps in

family court.”

In the above facts and circumstances, as per the

aforesaid admission of the petitioner herself, we find it expedient

that in the event the petitioner applies for any such issue of

custody or otherwise any other rights in relation to her children

before the appropriate forum, the same shall be heard

expeditiously, keeping in view the fact that the petitioner claims

that she is suffering from a serious ailment.

Consequently, we are not inclined to entertain the writ

petition in the above background without prejudice to the rights of

the petitioner to approach the appropriate forum for redressal of

her grievances.

The application is consigned to records.

(Amreshwar Pratap Sahi, CJ)

( Anjana Mishra, J)


Uploading Date 21.01.2019
Transmission Date N/A

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