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Sushila Kumari vs Col. Satish Chander on 8 February, 2017


                        IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

                    CRIMINAL APPEAL NOs. 260-261 OF 2017
          [@ SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (CRL.) NO. 9773-9774 OF 2015 ]

      SUSHILA KUMARI                             Appellant(s)


      COL. SATISH CHANDER                       Respondent(s)

                               J U D G M E N T


1. Leave granted.

2. Heard Sh. Narender Hooda, learned senior counsel appearing for the
appellant and Mr. Rakesh Dahiya, learned counsel appearing for the

3. The appellant has challenged the order dated 26.08.2015 passed by the
High Court of Punjab and Haryana at Chandigarh in CRR No. 1654 of 2012
(OM) and CRR (F) No. 151 of 2013 (OM). Both petitions were taken up and
disposed of by a common Judgment.

4. The short impugned Judgment is reproduced as under :-
“On the intervention of the Court, Lt. Col. Satish Chander along with his
counsel Mr. Aman Pal, Advocate as well as Smt. Sushila Kumari along with
her counsel Mr.Babbar Bhan, Advocate, who are present in Court, have
resolved their dispute whereby Lt. Col. Satish Chander undertakes to pay
Rs. 21,000 per month w.e.f. today as maintenance which shall be credited to
the bank account of Smt. Sushila Kumari every month through the
salary/pension account of Lt. Col. Satish Chander for which he would issue
necessary instructions to the authority concerned for regularly crediting
the amount. Lt. Col. Satish Chander further undertakes that after every
five years w.e.f. today he will increase the amount of maintenance by
Rs.2,000 automatically. Both the parties undertake that they shall withdraw
all the litigation pending against each other except the divorce petition
and shall not initiate any other fresh litigation against each other
arising out of this matrimonial dispute. It has been further agreed that
out of the total arrears amounting to Rs. 9,21,000 till August, 2015, an
amount of Rs. 3,56,000 which is still unpaid shall be paid by Lt. Col.
Satish Chander to Smt.Sushila Kumari within a period of six months in equal
installments. The parties shall be bound by this settlement.

In the light of statements made before the Court by both the sides,
the present petitions stand disposed of.”

5. According to the appellant, the facts, as recorded by the High Court
in the impugned Judgment, were factually incorrect and there was no
agreement as recorded by the Court as far as withdrawal of the cases are
concerned. The agreement was only to the schedule of payment of arrears
and enhancement of the maintenance by Rs. 1000/-. In that view of the
matter, the appellant filed an application for recall of the impugned
order, being Criminal Misc. Application No. 30993 of 2015. At paragraph 6
of the said application, it has been averred as follows :-

“That this Hon’ble Court in the order/judgment has mentioned that both the
parties undertake to withdraw all their litigation pending against each
other except the divorce petition and shall not initiate any other fresh
litigation against each other arising out of this matrimonial dispute. It
is respectfully submitted that the petitioner along with her Advocate who
was present in the Court vehemently opposed to withdraw any pending cases
before the Court. The Hon’ble Court had asked the petitioner to sign the
agreement but the petitioner refused to do so still this Hon’ble Court
recorded in the judgment that both the parties undertake to withdraw all
pending cases which is far from the facts.”

6. It is further stated at paragraph 7 that four criminal cases pending
between the parties cannot be withdrawn. Paragraph 7 of the application is
reproduced below :-

“7. That the pending cases between the petitioner and Col.Satish
Chander, if gone into their details, cannot be withdrawn under the
circumstances mentioned below:-

(a) That the Bhiwani Family Court allowed the marriage expenses for
Rs.4,00,000/- (Rupees four lacs) on 12.01.2015 in 2002/2012 in Sneh Lata
Vs. Col.Satish Chander, the execution petition Exe/0000340/2015 is pending
before Hon’ble Family Court, Bhiwani. Therefore at this stage of its
execution how petitioner can be forced to withdraw the execution petition
since all the expenses made by the petitioner for her daughter marriage was
after obtaining the loans from relations and friends and the same is
required to be paid back to them by the petitioner.

(b) That the petitioner as well as Col.Satish Chander have filed appeal
before this Hon’ble Court for increase of the grant of marriage expenses
therefore, the same cannot be withdrawn as FAO No.3676 of 2015 and FAO
No.4356 of 2015 are pending before this Hon’ble Court.

(c) That the petitioner was granted maintenance on 06.3.2012 for Rs.20,000/-
P.M., the petitioner has filed a suit under section 127 Crl.P.C. for
enhancement of maintenance because it is not possible to live in a minimum
required means by Award of Rs.20,000/- which includes her house rent also
therefore, the same can not be withdrawn.

(d) That the petitioner was left with no means by Col.Satish Chander when
they both were residing at Flat No.4-C Sivsakti Apartment Plot No.10
Sec.10, Dwarka, New Delhi. Col.Satish Chander while deserting the
petitioner took away his CSD Canteen Card, LPG Gas connection papers, ATM
Card along with all the cheque books. Col.Satish Chander in collusion with
the house owner got the electricity and water connection dis-connected
specially when her daughter was appearing for M.Tech examination. Finally
when the petitioner had gone out of flat and her daughter had gone to
college, Col.Satish Chander got the house locked by the house owner by
putting another lock over the lock of petitioner already put by the
petitioner. The petitioner was not allowed to enter in the society
premises of house thus her all belonging except the clothes she was
wearing was under the control of house owner. This was done by help and
advise of Col.Satish Chander, therefore, the petitioner filed a case for
domestic violence against Col.Satish Chander which is on its final stage of
hearing and can not be withdrawn it under any circumstances.

(e) Therefore despite the facts mentioned above this Hon’ble Court has
mentioned that both the parties undertake to withdraw the pending cases
which was never agreed at all the endorsement made on this issue needs to
be recalled by this Hon’ble Court.”

7. Hence, at paragraph 11 of the application, the appellant prayed as
follows :-

“11. That this Hon’ble Court has committed grave error of law and
facts while coming to the conclusion and passed the judgment dated
26.08.2015, which is apparently a legal error on the face of it which has
resulted into a grave miscarriage of justice for the applicant and same is
to be rectified by this Hon’ble Court by taking cognizance of the
application and to meet the end of justice in furtherance of doing complete

8. The said application was taken up by the High court on 23.09.2015,
when the High Court passed the following order :-


No ground is made out for recalling of the order dated 26.08.2015
passed by this Court.

The application stands dismissed with special costs of Rs. 10,000/-
to be paid to the High Court Legal Service Committee.”

9. Having regard to the averments made in the application for recall, it
is fairly clear that it cannot be said that there is no ground made out for
recalling the order dated 26.08.2015. Mr. Babbar Bhan, learned counsel,
who appeared for the appellant before the High Court, has also filed an
Affidavit before this Court, supporting the averments in the application,
which is extracted above.

10. Since we propose to remit the review applications to the High Court,
we refrain from making any further observation at this stage. The order
dated 23.09.2015 is set aside and CRM No. 30993 of 2015 in C.R.R.(F) No.
151 of 2013 is remitted to the High Court.

11. We request the High Court to consider the recall application on
merits and pass appropriate orders therein in accordance with law. In
order to avoid further round of litigation on an ancillary aspect, we also
make it clear that even if the High Court finds that the learned advocate
had given the consent, the application may be considered as one filed for
relieving the appellant from the undertaking given by the counsel.

12. With the above observations and directions, the appeals are disposed





New Delhi;

February 08, 2017.

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