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Judgments of Supreme Court of India and High Courts

Sushma Devi vs Anil Kumar And Anr on 28 November, 2017


Date of decision: 28.11.2017

Sushma Devi



Anil Kumar and another


Present:- Mr. Arun Yadav, Advocate,
for the petitioner.


1. The present revision petition has been filed seeking to

challenge judgment dated 05.06.2016 passed by learned Session Judge

Jhajjar, and judgment dated 08.12.2015 passed by Judicial Magistrate 1st

Class, Jhajjar in FIR No. 178 dated 25.03.2011 under section 354 Indian

Penal Code, Police Station Jhajjar, acquitting respondent No. 1 of the

charges leveled against him.

2. In brief, the facts are that the petitioner filed a complaint in

Police Post Kulana through post alleging that her family falls under the

category of Below Poverty Line. On 09.03.2011, she had gone to the house

of Pancho wife of Ramavtar for some personal work, where the accused

Anil, who was the Sarpanch of the village also came. When Pancho Devi

left the room to prepare tea, the complainant asked the Sarpanch as to why

her cheque of ` 25,000/- which was to be received by her under Indira

Vikas Yojana, had not been released so far, to which the Sarpanch asked her

either to come to his house in the night or to the fields alone to collect the

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cheque. When the petitioner raised an objection, the Sarpanch accused

caught hold of her hand, put her on the bed and tried to outrage her

modesty. She raised a noise and on hearing the same Pancho Devi came out

and on seeing her accused fled away from the spot. A panchayat was

convened in this regard, but the accused did not turn up before the

Panchayat and thereafter a complaint was registered. After due

investigation, a challan was put up in the court of area Magistrate. The

prosecution in support of its case examined the petitioner as PW-1, her

husband Ajit Singh as PW-2, Head Constable Manjit as PW-3, Devender,

Gram Sachiv as PW-4, ASI Jora Singh as PW-5, Head Constable Parveen

as PW-6, Inspector Satya Narayan as PW-7 and Pancho Devi as PW-8.

3. The scope of revisional jurisdiction to be exercised by the High

Court at the instance of private complainant is limited to instances where

the trial court has wrongly shut out evidence which the prosecution wished

to produce, where the admissible evidence is wrongly brushed aside as

inadmissible, where the trial court has no jurisdiction to try the case and has

still acquitted the accused, where the material evidence has been overlooked

either by the trial court or the appellate court or the order is passed by

considering irrelevant evidence. It is well settled that the revisional

jurisdiction cannot be exercised lightly and that it can be exercised only in

exceptional cases where there is manifest illegality or miscarriage of justice.

It is not for the High Court to re-appreciate evidence.

4. Both the courts below, on appreciation of the evidence, came to

the conclusion that there is no merit in the contention raised. The material

witness of the prosecution, namely, Pancho Devi in whose house the alleged

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incident took place did not support the case of the prosecution when she

stepped into the witness box as PW-8. In her cross examination, she

specifically stated that neither the complainant nor the accused had come to

her house on the day of the alleged occurrence. The testimony of PW-2 was

also not relied upon being hearsay evidence, since Ajit Singh, husband of

the petitioner complainant, was not present at the spot. As per the testimony

of PW-4 Devender, Gram Sachiv, he had conducted a survey of all such

persons who would fall under the category of the BPL but in his report

(exhibit PW4/A ) he did not find the husband of the complainant entitled for

taking the benefit of the aforesaid scheme as he owns a constructed house.

The Session Judge also perused the enquiry report conducted by DSP,

Jhajjar into the allegations after the registration of the FIR and came to the

conclusion that the complainant could not substantiate her allegations.

Another inquiry was conducted by Prithvi Singh, DSP, Meham who also

found that the evidence was not sufficient to arrest the accused.

5. Therefore, in the case in hand, learned counsel appearing on

behalf of the petitioner has not been able to point out any material

irregularity in the judgements rendered by the courts below. Other than the

bald statement of the complainant, there is no other testimony or evidence

available to substantiate the claim of the complainant. The material witness

i.e. Pancho Devi in whose house the alleged incident is supposed to have

taken place has not supported the prosecution version. It is most unlikely

that in a small room where three persons were sitting together and one

leaves the room to make tea, immediately an assault would take place and

an attempt would be made to outrage the modesty, especially when rooms in

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a village are in close vicinity.

6. Finding no merit in the arguments raised, the instant petition is


28.11.2017 (JAISHREE THAKUR)
Satyawan JUDGE

Whether speaking/reasoned yes
Whether reportable No

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