Anti-Apartheid (United Nation Convention) Act,1981
48 of 1981
The object of the Bill is to give effect to the provisions of the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on the 30th November,1973, and to which India became a party on the 22nd October,1977. The purpose of the said Convention is to declare that apartheid is a crime against humanity and that inhuman acts resulting from the policies and practices of apartheid and similar policies and practices of racial segregation and discrimination constitute a serious threat to international peace and security and to make it possible for the States Parties to the Convention to take more effective measures at the national and international levels with a view to the suppression and punishment of the crime of apartheid. 2. The Bill gives effect to the Convention, in particular to Articles II and III thereof, as set out in the Schedule to the Bill which, respectively, define the crime of apartheid and apply international criminal responsibility, irrespective of the motives involved, to individuals, members of organisation, institutions, etc., who commit the said crime. The Bill also seeks to make the commission of the said crime punishable with death or imprisonment and fine. -S.O.R. ” Gaz. ofind.,27-11-1980, Pt. II, S. 2, Ext.,p.ll44(No.46).
An Act to give effect to the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid. WHEREAS an International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Thirtieth day of November,1973; AND WHEREAS India, having acceded to the said Convention, should make provisions for giving effect to it; BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short Title And Extent
(1) This Act may be called The Anti-Apartheid (United Nations Convention) Act,1981.
(2) It extends to the whole of India.