The Central Excise Act, 1944
9C. PRESUMPTION OF CULPABLE MENTAL STATE.
1PRESUMPTION OF CULPABLE MENTAL STATE. (1) In any prosecution for an offence under this Act which requires a culpable mental state on the part of the accused, the Court shall presume the existence of such mental state but it shall be a defence for the accused to prove the fact that he had no such mental state with respect to the act charged as an offence in that prosecution.
Explanation : In this section, “culpable mental state” includes intention, motive, knowledge of a fact, and belief in, or reason to believe, a fact.
(2) For the purposes of this section, a fact is said to be proved only when the Court believes it to exist beyond reasonable doubt and not merely when its existence is established by a preponderance of probability.
1. Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 21 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).