The Central Motor Vehicles Rules,1989
Section 96. Brakes
1[(1) Every motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, three-wheeled invalid carriage, trailer or a road roller shall be equipped with two independent and efficient braking systems, namely, the parking brake and foot operated service brake:
Provided that a motor cycle and three-wheeled invalid carriage shall be equipped with the independent and efficient braking systems, either both hand operated or one foot operated and the other hand operated.]
(2) The braking system shall be of strength capable of stopping the vehicle within the distance specified in sub-rule (8) and of holding it at rest in all conditions and all such brakes at all time be properly connected and maintained in efficient condition.
(3) In every motor vehicle 3[other than agricultural tractors,] the brakes operated by one of the means of operation shall act directly upon the wheel and not through the transmission gear.
4[(4) Every motor vehicle manufactured on and after the 1 st day of April,2006 shall have a braking system whose performance shall conform to the following Indian Standard, namely:
(i) for two-wheelers and three-wheelers IS:14664:1999, as amended from time to time.
. Type of vehicle Load Test speed (The
speed at which the
brake should be
applied) (Kmph) Type of brake Stopping
(m) 1. All vehicles other than
motor cycles, threewheelers
tractors Laden to the
30 Fool operated
13 Do Laden or 40 do 21 Do Unladen 40 do 21 2. Motorcycles Unladen 30 Foot or hand
operated 21 3. Three-wheelers
tractors for trailer Unladen 30 Foot operated
operational: on at
least two wheels) 13 Kg 4. Agricultural tractors Laden to test
mass 25 Foot operated
service 10 5. All other than threewheelers
capacity not exceeding
500 cc, motor cycles and
agricultural tractors Laden to the
For the purpose of this test for vehicles other than motor cycles the “unladen” means the vehicle is without any load and shall carry only the driver and another person for specific purpose of supervising the test, and the instruments, if any. In the case of motor cycles, the “unladen” means that vehicle will carry only the single rider and the measuring instrument, if any.]
5[(9) The following category of vehicles shall be fitted with Anti-Lock Braking System conforming to IS:11852:2003 (Part 9):
(0 N2 and N3 category of vehicles other than tractor-trailer combination manufactured on and after the 1st day of October,2006 meant for carrying hazardous goods and liquid petroleum gas;
(ii) N3 category vehicles manufactured on and after the 1st day of October 2007, which are double decked transport vehicles;
(iii) N3 category vehicles manufactured on and after the 1st day of October 2007, that are used as tractor-trailer combinations.
(iv) M3 category of buses that ply on All India Tourist permit, manufactured on and after the 1st day of October,2007.]
1. Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
2. Proviso omitted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
3. Added by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
4. Sub-R. (4) substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
5. Sub-R. (9) inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).