The Indian Contract Act, 1872
202. Termination of Agency, where agent has an interest in subject-matter –
Where the agent has himself an interest in the property which forms the subject-matter of the agency, the agency cannot, in the absence of an express contract, be terminated to the prejudice of such interest.
(a) A gives authority to B to sell A’s land, and to pay himself, out of the proceeds, the debts due to him from A. A cannot revoke this authority, nor can it be terminated by his insanity or death.
(b) A consigns 1,000 bales of cotton to B, who has made advances to him on such cotton, and desires B to sell the cotton, and to repay himself out of the price the amount of his own advances. A cannot revoke this authority, nor is it terminated by his insanity or death.
Agent may enforce Contracts if personally enterested
A power of attorney executed in favour of an agent recording or recognizing an interest of the Agent/Attorney in the property which is the subject-matter of the Agency, cannot be revoked or terminated, even if the instrument does not state specifically that it is irrevocable, as then it would be a power coupled with an interest but a power of attorney simplicitor which merely authorised an agent to do certain acts in the name of or on behalf of the executant at any time in spite of the instrument that power of attorney be revoked or cancelled by the executant at any time in spite of the instrument stating that the Power of Attorney is irrevocable; Corporation Bank, Bangalore v. Lalitha H. Holla, AIR 1994 Kant 133.