The Indian Contract Act, 1872
30. Agreements by way of wager, void
Agreements by way of wager are void; and no suit shall be brought for recovering anything alleged to be won on any wager, or entrusted to any person to abide the result of any game or other uncertain event on which may wager is made. Exception on favour of certain prizes for horse-racing: This section shall not be deemed to render unlawful a subscription or contribution, or agreement to subscribe or contribute, made or entered into for or toward any plate, prize or sum of money, of the value or amount of five hundred rupees or upwards, to be rewarded to the winner or winners of any horse-race.
Section 294A of the Indian Penal Code not affected : Nothing in this section shall be deemed to legalize any transaction connected with horse-racing, to which the provisions of section 294A of the(45 of 1860) apply.
To treat an agreement by way of wager as void is that the law discourages people to enter into games of chance and make earning by trying their luck instead of spending their time, energy and labour for more fruitful and useful work for themselves, their family and the society; Subhash Kumar Manwani v. State of Madhya Pradesh, AIR 2000 MP 109.
A chit-fund does not come within the scope of wager; Narayana Ayyangar v. K.V. Ambalam, (1927) ILR 50 Mad 696 (FB).