The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPc)
358. Compensation to persons groundlessly arrested.
(1) Whenever any person causes a police officer to arrest another person, if it appears to the Magistrate by whom case is heard that there was no sufficient ground of causing such arrest, the Magistrate my award such compensation, not exceeding 1[one hundred rupees], to be paid by the person so causing the arrest to the person so arrested, for his loss of time and expenses the matter, as the Magistrate thinks fit.
(2) In such cases, if more persons than one are arrested, the Magistrate may, in like manner, award to each of them such compensation, not exceeding one hundred rupees, as such Magistrate thinks fit.
(3) All compensation awarded under this section may be recovered as if it were a fine, and, if it cannot be so recovered, the person by whom it is payable shall be sentenced to simple imprisonment for such term not exceeding thirty days as the Magistrate directs unless such sum is sooner paid.
Cr PC (Amendment ) Act, 2005 (Notes on Clauses)
Section 358 has been amended to enhance the limit of fine of one hundred rupees to one thousand rupees so as to make this provision more effective.
1. Subs. by Act of 25 of 2005, sec. 30, for “one hundred rupees”.