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Section 128A – Customs Act, 1962

The Customs Act, 1962





1[128A. Procedure in appeal. —(1) The 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] shall give an opportunity to the appellant to be heard if he so desires.


(2) The 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] may, at the hearing of an appeal, allow the appellant to go into any ground of appeal not specified in the grounds of appeal, if the 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] is satisfied that the omission of that ground from the grounds of appeal was not wilful or unreasonable.


(3) 3[The Commissioner (Appeals) shall, after making such further inquiry as may be necessary, pass such order, as he thinks just and proper, confirming, modifying or annulling the decision or order appealed against:]

Provided that an order enhancing any penalty or fine in lieu of confiscation or confiscating goods of the greater value or reducing the amount of refund shall not be passed unless the appellant has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed order:


Provided further that where the 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] is of opinion that any duty has not been levied or has been short-levied or erroneously refunded, no order requiring the appellant to pay any duty not levied, short-levied or erroneously refunded shall be passed unless the appellant is given notice within the time-limit specified in section 28 to show cause against the proposed order.


(4) The order of the 3[Commissioner (Appeals)] disposing of the appeals shall be in writing and shall state the points for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for the decision.


4[(4A) The Commissioner (Appeals) shall, where it is possible to do so, hear and decide every appeal within a period of six months from the date on which it is filed.]


(5) On the disposal of the appeal, the 3[Commissioner (Appeals)] shall communicate the order passed by him to the appellant, the adjudicating authority 5[, the Chief Commissioner of Customs and the Commissioner of Customs].



1. Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector (Appeals)” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Subs. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 110, for certain words (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


4. Ins. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 110 (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


5. Subs. by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 69, for “and the Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 13-5-2005)



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Laws – Customs Act, 1962


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