The Laws – Customs Act, 1962
138A. PRESUMPTION OF CULPABLE MENTAL STATE. –
1 (1) In any prosecution for an offence under this Act which requires a culpable mental state on the part of the accused, the court shall presume the existence of such mental state but it shall be a defence for the accused to prove the fact that he had no such mental state with respect to the act charged as an offence in that prosecution.
Explanation : In this section, “culpable mental state” includes intention, motive, knowledge of a fact and belief in, or reason to believe, a fact.
(2) For the purposes of this section, a fact is said to be proved only when the court believes it to exist beyond reasonable doubt and not merely when its existence is established by a preponderance of probability.
1. Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 9 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).