1. Short title, extent and commencement . –
(1) This Act may be called the Delhi Rent Control Act, 1958.
(2) It extends to the areas included within the limits of the New Delhi Municipal Committee and the Delhi Cantonment Board and to such urban areas within the limits of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi as are specified in the First Schedule:
Provided that the Central Government; may, by notification in the Official Gazette, extend this Act or any provision thereof, to any other urban area included within the limits of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi of exclude any are from the operation of this Act or any provision thereof.
(3) It shall come into force on such date (Note: Came into force on 9-2-1959, vide S.O. 269, dated 31st January, 1959, published in the Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec.3 (ii), p.331) as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
The Delhi Rent Control Act, 1958 is beneficial as also restrictive in nature. The courts are under a legal compulsion to harmoniously read the provisions of the Act so as to balance the rights of the landlord and the obligations of the tenant toward each other keeping in mind that one of the subjects of the legislature while enacting the Act was to curb the tendancy of the greedy landlords to throw out the tenants, paying lower rent, in the name of personal occupation and rent out the premises at the market rate; M/s. Rahabhar Productions Pvt. Ltd. v.Rajendra K. Tandon, AIR 1998 SC 1639.