In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,.
(a) “Appointed day” means the 6th day of July, 1974;
(b) “Additional dearness allowance” means such dearness allowance as may be sanctioned from time to time, after the appointed day, over and above the amount of dearness allowance payable in accordance with the rate in force immediately before the date from which such sanction of additional dearness allowance is to take effect.
Explanation I. Where payment of dearness allowance is linked to a cost of living index or any other factor, any automatic payment, after the appointed day, of dearness allowance in consequence of any rise in such cost of living index or in consequence of any change in such other factor shall, notwithstanding the provisions of this clause, be deemed to be the additional dearness allowance.
Explanation II. For the purpose of computation of the additional dearness allowance in relation to an employee who enters into any post after the appointed day, dearness allowance payable, immediately before the appointed day, in relation to such post shall be deemed to be the dearness allowance payable to such employee as if he were holding that post on the appointed day and any excess over and above the said dearness allowance shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to be the additional dearness allowance in relation to such employee;
(c) “Additional wages” means such wages, over and above the wages payable to an employee in accordance with the rates in force immediately before the appointed day, as may become payable to the employee in respect of any period after the appointed day in pursuance of any wage revision, whether by or under an agreement or settlement between the parties or any award, decree or order of any court, tribunal or other authority or otherwise, but does not include-
(i) Any increment due to the employee in accordance with the time scale of pay applicable to the post held by him immediately before the appointed day, and any consequent increase in any allowance (not being dearness allowance) admissible under any rule or order in force immediately before the appointed day;
(ii) Any higher wages payable to the employee on his-
(a) Promotion to a higher post and any increment, being an increment within the prescribed limits, due to the employee in such higher post
(b) Deputation or transfer to an equivalent post or to any post involving higher responsibilities and duties;
(iii) Any special pay, honorarium, fee or reward payable for any special work done;
(iv) Any remuneration payable for overtime work;
(v) Any increase in wages consequent on the revision of the minimum rates of wages fixed under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948; (11 of 1948)
(vi) Any increase in wages sanctioned in pursuance of the recommendations made-
(a) By the Third Central Pay Commission;
(b) Before the appointed day, by any Pay Commission appointed by a State Government, in relation to the employees of that Government;
(c) By any committee constituted, before the appointed day, by Parliament, Supreme Court or any High Court in relation to any employee of Parliament, Supreme Court or High Court, as the case may be.
Explanation I. Where any wage revision made after the appointed day is to be effective from a date prior to the appointed day, the wages payable immediately before the appointed day, before such wage revision, shall, for the purposes of computation of additional wages, be deemed to be the wages.
Explanation II. Any bonus (including incentive and production bonus) paid after the appointed day at a rate over and above the rate at which it was last paid before the appointed day, shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act, to be additional wages;
(d) “Bank deposit rate” means the highest of the maximum rates at which interest may be paid on different classes of deposits (other than those maintained in savings account or those maintained by charitable or religious institutions) by different classes of scheduled banks in accordance with the directions given or issued to banking companies generally by the Reserve Bank of India under the Banking Regulation Act, 1949; (10 of 1949)
(e) “Dearness allowance” means all cash payments, by whatever name called, made to an employee on account of rise in the cost of living ,
(f) “Deposit Account” means an account opened and maintained under section 5;
(g) “Emoluments” includes wages and dearness allowance;
(h) “Employer” means,-
(i) In relation to an establishment which is a factory, the owner or occupier of the factory, including the agent of such owner or occupier, and where a person is named as manager of the factory under clause (f) of sub-section (1) of section 7 of the Factories Act, 1948, (63 of 1948) the person so named;
(ii) In relation to an establishment belonging to or under the control of the Central Government or a State Government, the person or authority appointed by the appropriate Government for the supervision and control of the employees, or where no person has been so appointed, the head of the Department concerned;
(iii) In relation to an establishment belonging to or under the control of any local authority, the person appointed by such authority for the supervision and control of the employees, or where no person has been so appointed, the Chief Executive Officer of the local authority;
(iv) In any other case, the person who, or the authority which, has the ultimate control over the affairs of the establishment, and where the said affairs are entrusted to any other person, whether called a manager, managing director or by any other name, such person;
And includes, in the case of a deceased employer, the legal representative of such deceased employer;
(i) “Local authority” means any municipal committee, district board, body of port commissioners, panchayat or other authority legally entitled to, or entrusted by the Central or any State Government with the control or management of any municipal or local fund;
(j) “Nominated authority” means such authority as may be nominated by the Central Government for the purposes of this Act and different authorities may be nominated for different purposes;
(k) “Notification” means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(l) “Prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(m) “Scheme” means a scheme framed under this Act;
(n) “Specified authority” means the authority specified under sub-section (1) of section 5;
(o) “Wages” means all remuneration (whether by way of salary, allowances or otherwise) expressed, or capable of being expressed, in terms of money, which would, if the terms of employment, express or implied, were fulfilled, be payable to a person employed in respect of his employment or of work done in such employment, and includes-
(i) Any remuneration payable under any agreement, or settlement between the parties or any award, decree or order of any court, tribunal or other authority;
(ii) Any remuneration to which the person employed is entitled in respect of overtime work or holidays or any leave period;
(iii) Any additional remuneration payable under the terms of employment, including bonus, whether under a scheme of profit sharing or otherwise;
(iv) Any sum to which the person employed is entitled under any scheme framed under any law for the time being in force;
(v) Any allowance paid for house accommodation, or where house accommodation is provided, the value of such accommodation, and the value of electricity or water, or both, supplied, and the value of medical attendance or other amenity,
But does not include-
(1) Any contribution paid by the employer to any pension or provident fund, and the interest which may have accrued thereon;
(2) Any travelling or running allowance or the value of any travelling concession;
(3) Any sum, not exceeding rupees two hundred and fifty per annum, paid to the employed person to defray special expenses entailed on him by the nature of his employment;
(4) Any compensation or gratuity payable on the termination of employment;
(5) Any dearness allowance.