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Section 30- The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

The Indian Evidence Act,1872

30. Consideration of proved confession affecting person making it and others jointly under trail for same offence –

When more persons than one are being tried jointly for the same offence, and a confession made by one of such persons affecting himself and some other of such persons is proved, the Court may take into consideration such confession as against such other person as well as against the person who makes such confession.

1Explanation – “Offence” as used in this Section, includes the abutment of, r attempt to commit, the offence.


(a) A and B are jointly tried for the murder of C. It is proved that A said – “B and I murdered C”. the court may consider the effect of this confession as against B.

(b) A is on his trail for the murder of C. There is evidence to show that C was murdered by A and B, and that B said, “A and I murdered C”. The statement may not be taken into consideration by the Court against A as B is not being jointly tried.


Accused’s confession cannot be used against co-accused

The statement of the accused leading to the discovery, or the informatory statement amounting to confession of the accused, cannot be used against the co-accused with the aid of section 303; Kamal Kishore v. State (Delhi Administration), (1972) 2 Crimes 169 (Del).


1. Ins. by Act 3 of 1891, sec. 4.

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The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

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