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Section 33- The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

The Indian Evidence Act,1872

33. Relevancy of certain evidence for proving, in subsequent proceeding, the truth of facts therein stated –

Evidence given by a witness in a judicial proceeding, or before any person authorized by law to take it is relevant for the purpose of proving, in a subsequent judicial proceeding, or in a letter stage of the same judicial proceedings, the truth of the facts which it states, when the witness is dead or cannot be found, or is incapable of giving evidence, or is kept our of the way by the adverse party or if his presence cannot be obtained without, an amount of delay of expense which, under the circumstances of the case, the Court considers unreasonable;

Provided –

That the proceeding was between the same parties or their representatives in interest;

That the adverse party in the first proceeding had the right and opportunity to cross examine;

That the questions in issue were substantially the same in the first as in the second proceeding.

Explanation – A criminal trial or inquiry shall be deemed to be a proceeding between the prosecutor and the accused within the meaning of this section.


Relevancy of evidence given by witness

Evidence given by a witness in a judicial proceeding is relevant for the purpose of proving a particular fact in later stage of the same judicial proceeding, when the witness cannot be found or is dead; Nandram v. State of Madhya Pradesh, 1995 FAJ 1 (MP).

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The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

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