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Section 46 – Factories Act, 1948

Factories Act, 1948





(1) The State Government may make rules requiring that in any specified factory wherein more than two hundred and, fifty workers are ordinarily employed, a canteen or canteens shall be provided and maintained by the occupier for the use of the workers.


(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for –


(a) the date by which such canteen shall be provided;


(b) the standards in respect of construction, accommodation, furniture and other equipment of the canteen;


(c) the foodstuffs to be served therein and the charges which may be made therefor;


(d) the constitution of a managing committee for the canteen and representation of the workers in the management of the canteen;


1(dd) the items of expenditure in the running of the canteen which are not to be taken into account in fixing the cost of foodstuffs and which shall be

borne by the employer;


(e) the delegation to the Chief Inspector, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, of the power to make rules under clause (c).




(i) There is nothing in section 46 of the Factories Act, which provides for the mode in which the specified establishment must set up a canteen where it is left to the discretion of the concerned establishment to discharge its obligation of setting up a canteen either by way of direct equipment or by employment of contractor, it cannot be postulated that in the latter event, the persons working in the canteen would be the employees of the establishment; Ferro Alloys Corporation Ltd. v. Government of Andhra Pradesh Labour Employment and Technical Education (Labour II) Deptt, 2003 (96) FLR 160.


(ii) Section 46 of the Act empowers the State Government to make rules requiring any specific factory wherein more than 250 workers are ordinarily employed to provide and maintain a canteen by occupier for the use of the workers; Indian Petrochemicals Corp. Ltd. v. Shramik Seva, AIR 1999 SC 2577.



1. Ins. by Act 94 of 1976, sec. 22 (w.e.f. 26-10-1976).



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Factories Act, 1948


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