52. WEEKLY HOLIDAYS.
(1) No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in a factory on the first day of the week (hereinafter referred to as the said day), unless –
(a) he has or will have a holiday for a whole day on one of the three days immediately before or after the said day, and
(b) the manager of the factory has, before the said day or the substituted day under clause (a), whichever is earlier, –
(i) delivered a notice at the office of the Inspector of his intention to require the worker to work on the said day and of the day which is to be substituted, and
(ii) displayed a notice to that effect in the factory : Provided that no substitution shall be made which will result in any worker working for more than ten days consecutively without a holiday for a whole day.
(2) Notices given under sub-section (1) may be cancelled by a notice delivered at the office of the Inspector and a notice displayed in the factory not later than the day before the said day or the holiday to be cancelled, whichever is earlier.
(3) Where, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1), any worker works on the said day and has had a holiday on one of the three days immediately before it, that said day shall, for the purpose of calculating his weekly hours of work, be included in the preceding week.
The primary object of section 52 is to provide weekly holiday for the workers and such day was fixed to be the first day of the week, i.e., Sunday. But, for any special reasons, it becomes necessary to make Sunday the working day, a substitutional holiday is made compulsory. But the intendment of the section is not that the employers will at their sweet will convert successive on all the Sundays primarily intended to be holidays as working days and make any other working day of the week a holiday instead of Sunday; Motor and Machinery Manufacturers Ltd. v. State of West Bengal, 1964 (2) LLJ 562.