Income Tax Act, 1961
Section 49. COST WITH REFERENCE TO CERTAIN MODES OF ACQUISITION.
(1) Where the capital asset became the property of the assessee – (i) On any distribution of assets on the total or partial partition of a Hindu undivided family;
(ii) Under a gift or will;
(a) By succession, inheritance or devolution, or
(b) On any distribution of assets on the dissolution of a firm, body of individuals, or other association of persons, where such dissolution had taken place at any time before the 1st day of April, 1987,
(c) On any distribution of assets on the liquidation of a company, or
(d) Under a transfer to a revocable or an irrevocable trust, or
(e) Under any such transfer as is referred to in clause (iv) or clause (v) or clause (vi) or clause
(via) 762a of section 47
(iv) Such assessee being a Hindu undivided family, by the mode referred to in sub-section (2) of section 64 at any time after the 31st day of December, 1969, the cost of the acquisition of the assets shall be deemed to be the cost for which the previous owner of the property acquired it, as increased by the cost of any improvement of the assets incurred or borne by the previous owner or the assessee, as the case may be.
Explanation : In this sub-section the expression “previous owner of the property” in relation to any capital asset owned by an assessee means the last previous owner of the capital asset who acquired it by a mode of acquisition other than that referred to in clause (i) or clause (ii) or clause (iii) or clause (iv) of this sub-section.
(2) Where the capital asset being a share or shares in an amalgamated company which is an Indian company became the property of the assessee in consideration of a transfer referred to in clause (vii) of section 47, the cost of acquisition of the asset shall be deemed to be the cost of acquisition to him of the share or shares in the amalgamating company.
(2A) Where the capital asset, being a share or debenture in a company, became the property of the assessee in consideration of a transfer referred to in clause (x) of section 47, the cost of acquisition of the asset to the assessee shall be deemed to be that part of the cost of debenture, debenture-stock or deposit certificates in relation to which such asset is acquired by the assessee.
(2B) Where the capital gain arises from the transfer of the specified security referred to in sub-clause (iiia) of clause (2) of section 17, the cost of acquisition of such specified security shall be the fair market value on the date of exercise of option.
(2C) The cost of acquisition of the shares in the resulting company shall be the amount which bears to the cost of acquisition of shares held by the assessee in the demerged company the same proportion as the net book value of the assets transferred in a demerger bears to the net worth of the demerged company immediately before such demerger.
(2D) The cost of acquisition of the original shares held by the shareholder in the demerged company shall be deemed to have been reduced by the amount as so arrived at under sub-section (2C).
Explanation. – For the purposes of this section, “net worth” shall mean the aggregate of the paid up share capital and general reserves as appearing in the books of account of the demerged company immediately before the demerger.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where the capital gain arising from the transfer of a capital asset referred to in clause (iv) or, as the case may be, clause (v) of section 47 is deemed to be income chargeable under the head “Capital gains” by virtue of the provisions contained in section 47A, the cost of acquisition of such asset to the transferee company shall be the cost for which such asset was acquired by it.
COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX v. S. R. V. PRESS & PUBLICATIONS (P) LTD.
P. J. EAPEN v. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX.
COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX v. MINOR SHANTHI CHANDRAN. (CIT v. MINOR KAVITHA CHANDRAN)