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The Indian Tolls Act, 1851

The Indian Tolls Act, 1851

The Indian Tolls Act, 1851

[ACT NO. 8 OF 1851]

[4th July, 1851.]

An Act for enabling Government to levy Tolls on Public Roads and Bridges.

WHEREAS it is expedient to enable Government to levy tolls upon roads and bridges ;

It is enacted as follows :—

1. Short title given by the Indian Short Titles Act, 1897 (14 of 1897).

This Act should be read with the Indian Tolls Act, 1864 (15 of 1864), and the Indian Tolls Act, 1888 (8 of 1888).

This Act has been amended in Assam by Assam Act 3 of 1931 and Act 1 of 1932 ; C.P. by C.P. Act 8 of 1932 ; Madras by Madras Act 6 of 1938, Act 14 of 1942 and Act 26 of 1950.

This Act is deemed to be in force throughout the territories administered by the Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab on the 5th September, 1888 and to have been in force, from the 21st August 1857, in the territories for the time being administered as part of the Punjab.

It has been extended under s.3 of Act 15 of 1864 to Ajmer and Merwara, see Gazette of India , 1889, Pt.II, p.562.

It has been declared in force in the C.P.and the Sambalpur District by the C.P.Laws Act, 1875 (20 of 1875), s.3 ; in the Santhal Parganas by the Santhal Parganas Settlement Regulation (3 of 1872), s.3.

It has been declared, by notification under s.3 (a) of the Scheduled Districts Act, 1874 (14 of 1874), to be in force in the following Scheduled Districts, namely :— The Districts of Hazaribagh, Lohardaga (now the Ranchi District, see Calcutta Gazette, 1899, Pt.I, p.44), and Man-bhum, and Pargana Dhalbhum and Kolhan in the District of Singbhum See Gazette of India, 1881, Pt.I, p.504. The District of Lahaul Ditto 1886, Pt.I, p.301.

It has been extended by notification under s.5 of the last-mentioned Act, to the Scheduled District of Coorg, see Gazette of India, 1878 Pt.I, p.45, to the Scheduled Districts in Ganjam and Vizagapatam, see ibid., 1899, Pt.I, p.720; to the Ducharti and Guditeru Muttahs, Yellavaram taluk, East Godavari Agency, see Notification No.110, dated 22nd April, 1927, Fort St.George Gazette, 1927, Pt.I, p.661, and to the District of Darjeeling, see Calcutta Gazette, 1934, Pt.I, p.179.

It has been repealed in the Presidency of Bombay , to which it originally applied by the Bombay Tolls Act, 1875 (Bom. Act 3 of 1875), s.1 and has also been amended in Assam by Assam Acts 3 of 1931 and of 1932 ; C.P. by C.P. Act 8 of 1932 ; and Madras by Madras Acts 6 of 1938 and 14 of 1942.

1A. Extent.


This Act extends to the territories administered on the fourth of July, eighteen hundred and fifty-one, by the Governor of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, the Lieutenant-Governor of North-Western Provinces of Bengal and the Governor of the Presidency of Fort St. George in Council.]

1. Ins by the A.O.1937.

2. Power to cause levy of tolls on roads and bridges within certain rates, and to appoint collectors. Collectors responsibilities.

1[The State Government] may cause such rates of toll, 2[***] as 3[it thinks fit], to be levied upon any road or bridge which has been, or shall hereafter be, made or 4[at the expense of the Central or any State Government]; and may place the collection of such tolls under the management of such persons as may appear to 5[fit] proper : and all persons employed in the management an collection of such tolls shall be liable to the same responsibilities as would belong to them if employed in the collection of the land revenue.

1. Subs. by the A.O.1937 for ” The Governor of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, the Lieutenant-Governor of the North-Western Provinces of Bengal and the Governor of the Presidency of Fort St.George in Council”.

2. The words “not exceeding the rates mentioned in the Schedule annexed to this Act ” omitted by Act 3 of 1920, s.2 and Sch.I.

3. Subs. by the A.O.1937 for ” they respectively think fit”.

4. Subs by the A.O.1937 for “they expense of the Govt.”

5. Subs. by the A.O.1937 for ” them “.

3. Their powers for recovery of toll.

In case of non-payment of any such toll on demand, the officers appointed to collect the same may seize any of the carriages or animals on which it is chargeable, or any part of their burden of sufficient value to defray the toll ; and, if any toll remains undischarged for twenty-four hours, with the cost arising from such seizure, the case shall be brought before the officer appointed to superintend the collection of the said toll, who may sell the property seized for discharge of the toll, and all expenses occasioned by such non-payment, seizure and sale, and cause any balance that may remain to be returned, on demand, to the owner of the property, and the said officer, on receipt of the property, shall forthwith issue a notice that, at noon of the next day, exclusive of Sunday, or any closed holiday, he will sell the property by auction :

Release of seized property on tender of dues.

Provided that, if, at any time before the sale has actually begun, the person whose property has been seized shall tender the amount of all the expenses incurred, and of double the toll payable by him, the said officer shall forthwith release the property seized.

4. Exemptions from payment of toll.

No tolls shall be paid for the passage 1 of Police-officers on duty, or of any person or property in their custody, but no other exemption from payment of the toll levied under this Act shall be allowed.

1. The words ” of troops and military stores and equipages on their march or ” rep. by Act 2 of 1901, s.8 and Sch.

5. Assistance of collectors by Police-officers.

All Police-officers shall be bound to assist the toll-collectors when required, in the execution of this Act; and, for that purpose, shall have the same power which they have in the exercise of their common police-duties.

6. Penalty for offences under Act. Compensation to person aggrieved. Saving of his right to sue.

Every person, other than the persons appointed to collect the tolls under this Act, who shall levy or demand any toll on any public road or bridge, or for passing through any bazar situated thereon, and also every person who shall unlawfully and extortionately demand, or take any other or higher toll than the lawful toll, or under colour of this Act seize or sell any property knowing such seizure or sale to be unlawful, or in any manner unlawfully extort money or any valuable thing from any person under colour of this Act, shall be liable on conviction before a Magistrate to imprisonment for any term to exceeding six calendar months, or to fine not exceeding two hundred rupees, any part of which fine may be awarded by the Magistrate to the person aggrieved; but this remedy shall not be deemed bar or affect his right to have redress by suit in the Civil Court 1 .

1. The words ” of the Zillah ” rep. by Act 12 of 1876, s.1 and Sch., Pt.I.

7. Exhibition of table of tolls, and statement of penalties.

A table of the tolls authorised to be taken at any toll-gate or station shall be put up in a conspicuous place near such gate or station legibly written or printed in English words and figures, and also in those age of the district, to which shall be annexed, written or printed in like manner, a statement of the penalties for refusing to pay the tolls and for taking any lawful toll.

8. Application of proceeds of tolls.

The tolls levied under this Act shall be deemed public revenue 1[***]

1. The words “but the net proceeds thereof shall be applied wholly to the Construction repair and maintenance of roads and bridges within the presidency in which they are levied” omitted by the A.O.1937.



Rep. by the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920) s.2 and Sch.I.

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