The National Green Tribunal Act,2010
No. 19 OF 2010
An act to provide for the establishment of a National Green Tribunal for the effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
AND WHEREAS India is a party to the decisions taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June,1972, in which India participated, calling upon the States to take appropriate steps for the protection and improvement of the human environment;
AND WHEREAS decisions were taken at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held at Rio de Janerio in June,1992, in which India participated, calling upon the States to provide effective access to judicial and administrative proceedings, including redress and remedy and to develop national laws regarding liability and compensation for the victims of pollution and other environment damage;
AND WHEREAS in the judicial pronouncement in India, the right to healthy environment has been construed as a part of the right to life under article 21 of the Constitution;
AND WHEREAS it is considered expedient to implement the decisions taken at the aforesaid conferences and to have a National Green Tribunal in view of the involvement of multi-disciplinary issues relating to the environment.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-first year of the Republic of India as follows:—
1. Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the National Green Tribunal Act,2010.
(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.