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Section 1 – Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act,2005

Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act,2005


[No. 29 OF 2005]

[June 23,2005]

An Act to provide for the regulation of private security agencies and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-


1. Received the assent of the President on June 23,2005 and published in the Gazette of India, Extra., Part II, Section 1

Prefatory Note-Statement of Objects and Reasons.-

Due to increase in the number of business establishments and increasing demands for security, there has been a proliferation of private security agencies in the recent years. The growing tendency to hire security guards from private sources by an industrial or business undertaking has led to coming up of large number of private security agencies all over the country. Though these private security agencies have helped in meeting the security needs of business establishments, there has been a growing concern about the manner of functioning of these agencies, many of which seem to conduct their operations without due care for verifying the antecedents of the personnel employed as private security guards and supervision.

2. Private multi-national security agencies have also established their branches in the country, which unless properly regulated, may have serious security implications. Unless suitable safeguards are devised, these developments are likely to have wide ranging security implications, which may not be in national interest. There is also a danger of the employees of the private security agencies encroaching upon the duties of the police, using weapons in an illegal manner and wearing uniforms which resemble those of the police. In many instances, personnel employed by these agencies have also been involved in criminal activities.

3. For all these reasons, Union Government has been considering to regulate the functioning of these private security agencies, so that they are run within legal parameters and are accountable to a regulatory mechanism. In view of above, it is proposed to regulate the private security agencies through an Act which provides for a Controlling Authority to be appointed by the State Governments for the purpose of granting licences and also to make holding of licences mandatory for the carrying on of business of security agencies and other related matters.

4. The Bill seeks to achieve the above objects.

Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act,2005.

(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

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Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act,2005

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