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Section 12 – The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993

The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993

Section 12. Functions and Powers of The Commission

The Commission shall perform all or any of the following functions, namely:

(a) Inquire, suo-motu or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf 1[or on a direction or order of any court], into complaint of –

(i) Violation of human rights or abetment there of; or

(ii) Negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant;

(b) Intervene in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court with the approval of such court;

2[(c) visit, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, any jail or other institution under the control of the State Government, where persons are detained or lodged for purposes of treatment, reformation or protection, for the study of the living conditions of the inmates thereof and make recommendations thereon to the Government;]

(d) Review the safe guards provided by or under the Constitution or any law the time being enforce for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for there effective implementation;

(e) Review the factors, including acts of terrorism, that inhabit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures;

(f) Study of treaties and other international instrument on human rights and make the recommendations for their effective implementation;

(g) Undertake and promote research in the field of human rights;

(h) Spread human rights literacy among various section of society and promote the awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publication, the media, seminar and other available means;

(i) Encourage the efforts of non-governmental organisations and institutions working in the field of human rights;

(j) Such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.


1. Ins. by Act No. 43 of 2006 w.e.f. 13-9-2006.

2. Subs. by Act No. 43 of 2006 w.e.f. 13-9-2006.

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The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993

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