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Section 13 – The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993

The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993

Section 13. Powers relating to inquiries

(1) The commission shall, while inquiring into complaints under this Act have all the powers of a civil court trying a suit under the code of civil procedure,1908 and in particular in respect of the following matters, namely:

(a) Summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses and examining them on oath;

(b) Discovery and production of any document;

(c) Receiving evidence on affidavits;

(d) Requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;

(e) Issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents;

(2) The commission shall have power to require any person, subject to any privilege which may be claimed by that person under any law for the time being in force, to furnish information on such points or matters as, in the opinion of the commission, may be useful for, or relevant to, the subject matter of the inquiry and any person so required shall be deemed to be legally bound to furnish such information within the meaning of section 176 and section 177 of the Indian Panel Code.

(3) The commission or any other officer, not below the rank of a Gazetted officer, specially authorised in this behalf by the commission may enter any building or place where the commission has reason to believe that any document relating to the subject matter of the inquiry may be found, and may seize any such document or take extract or copies therefrom subject provision of section 100 of the code of Criminal procedure,1973, in so far as it may be applicable.

(4) The Commission shall be deemed to be a civil court and when any offence as is described in section 175, section 178, section 179, section 180 or section 228 of the Indian Panel Code is commuted in the view presence of the commission, the commission may, after recording the facts constituting the offence and the statement of the accused as provide for in the code of criminal procedure,1973, forward the case to Magistrate having Jurisdiction to try the same and the Magistrate to whom any such case is forwarded shall proceed to hear the complaint against the accused as if the case has been forwarded to him under section 346 of the code of criminal procedure,1973.

(5) Every proceeding before the Commission shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within a the meaning of sections 193 and 228 and for the purposes of section 196, of the Indian Panel Code, and the Commission shall deemed to be a civil court for all the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure,1973.

1[(6) Where the Commission considers it necessary or expedient so to do, it may, by order, transfer any complaint filed or pending before it to the State Commission of the State from which the complaint arises, for disposal in accordance with the provisions of this Act:

Provided that no such complaint shall be transferred unless the same is one respecting which the State Commission has jurisdiction to entertain the same.

(7) Every complaint transferred under sub-section (6) shall be dealt with and disposed of by the State Government as if it were a complaint initially filed before it.]


1. Inserted by Act No. 43 of 2006 w.e.f. 13-9-2006.

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The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993

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