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Section 2 – The Public Liability Insurance Act,1991

The Public Liability Insurance Act,1991

Section 2. Definitions

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

1[(a) “Accident” means an accident involving a fortuitous or sudden or unintended occurrence while handling any hazardous substance resulting in Continuous or intermittent or repeated exposure to death of, or injury to, any person or damaged to any property but does not include an accident by reason only of war or radio-activity;]

(b) “Collector” means the Collector having jurisdiction over the area in which the accident occurs;

(c) “Handling” , in relation to any hazardous substance, means the manufacture, processing, treatment, package, storage, transportation by vehicle, use collection, destruction, conversion, offering for sale, transfer or the like of such hazardous substance;

(d) “Hazardous substance” means any substance or preparation which is defined as hazardous substance under the Environment (Protection) Act,1986 (29 of 1986), and exceeding such quantity as may be specified, by notification, by the Central Government;

(e) “Insurance” means insurance against liability under sub-section (1) of Section 3;

(f) “Notification” means a notification published in the Official Gazette;

2(g) “Owner means a person who owns, or has control over handling, any hazardous substance at the time of accident and includes. –

(i) In the case of a firm, any of its partners; (ii) In the case of an association, any of its members; and

(iii) In the case of a company, any of its directors, managers, secretaries or other officers who is directly in charge of, and is responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company;]

(h) “Prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act; 3[(ha) “Relief Fund” means the Environmental Relief Fund established under Section 7A;]

(i) “Rules” means rules made under this Act;

(j) “Vehicle” means any mode of surface transport other than railways.


1. Subs. by Act No.11 of 1992.

2. Subs. by Act No. 11 of 1992.

3. Ins. by Act No. 11 of 1992.

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The Public Liability Insurance Act,1991

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