Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981
20. POWER TO GIVE INSTRUCTIONS FOR ENSURING STANDARDS FOR EMISSION FROM AUTOMOBILES.
With a view to ensuring that the standards for emission of air pollutants from automobiles laid down by the State Board under clause (g) of sub-section (1) of Section 17 are compiled with, the State Government shall, in consultation with the State Board, give such instructions as may be deemed necessary to the concerned authority in charge of registration of motor vehicles under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939 (4 of 1939), and such authority shall, notwithstanding anything contained in that Act or the rules made there under be found to comply with such instructions.
The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, inter alia, provides for prevention and control of air pollution from automobiles which constitute a major source of pollution everywhere, especially in the congested metropolis. Sub-section (1) of section 110 of the said Act inter alia lays down that the Central Government may make rules regulating the construction, equipment and maintenance of motor vehicles and trailers with respect to all or any of the following matters:—
(i) the emission of smoke, visible vapour, sparks, ashes, grit or oil;
(ii) the reduction of noise emitted by or caused by vehicles;
(iii) standards for emission of air pollutants.
*. See now the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988).