Reserve Bank of India Act,1934
Section 45 I. Definitions
In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires-
2[(a) “Business of a non-banking financial institution” means carrying on of the business of a financial institution referred to in clause (c) and includes business of a non-banking financial company referred to in clause (f);]
3[(aa)] “Company” means a company as defined in section 3 of the Companies Act,1956 (1 of 1956) and includes a foreign company within the meaning of section 591 of that Act;
(b) “Corporation” means a corporation incorporated by an Act of any Legislature;
1[(bb) “Deposit” includes and shall be deemed always to have included any receipt of money by way of deposit or loan or in any other form, but does not include: –
(i) Amounts raised by way of share capital;
(ii) Amounts contributed as capital by partners of a firm;
(iii) Amounts received from a scheduled bank or a co-operative bank or any other banking company as defined in clause (c) of section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act,1949 (10 of 1949);
(iv) Any amount received from: –
(a) The Development Bank,
(b) A State Financial Corporation,
(c) Any financial institution specified in or under section 6A of the Industrial Development Bank of India Act,1964 (18 of 1964), or
(d) Any other institution that may be specified by the Bank in this behalf;
(v) Amounts received in the ordinary course of business, by way of-
(a) Security deposit,
(b) Dealership deposit,
(c) Earnest money, or
(d) Advance against orders for goods, properties or services;
(vi) Any amount received from an individual or a firm or an association of individuals not being a body corporate, registered under any enactment relating to money lending which is for the time being in force in any State; and
(vii) Any amount received by way of subscriptions in respect of a chit.
Explanation I: “Chit” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (b) of section 2 of the Chit Funds Act,1982 (40 of 1982).
Explanation II: Any credit given by a seller to a buyer on the sale of any property (whether movable or immovable) shall not be deemed to be deposit for the purposes of this clause;
(c) “Financial institution” means any non-banking institution which carries on as its business or part of its business any of the following activities, namely: –
(i) The financing, whether by way of making loans or advances or otherwise, of any activity other than its own;
(ii) The acquisition of shares, stock, bonds, debentures or securities issued by a government or local authority or other marketable securities of a like nature;
(iii) Letting or delivering of any goods to a hirer under a hire-purchase agreement as defined in clause (c) of section 2 of the Hire-Purchase Act,1972 (26 of 1972);
(iv) The carrying on of any class of insurance business;
(v) Managing, conducting or supervising, as foreman, agent or in any other capacity, of chits or kuries as defined in any law which is for the time being in force in any State, or any business, which is similar thereto;
(vi) Collecting, for any purpose or under any scheme or arrangement by whatever name called monies in lump sum or otherwise, by way of subscriptions or by sale of units, or other instruments or in any other manner and awarding prizes or gifts, whether in cash or kind, or disbursing monies in any other way, to persons from whom monies are collected or to any other person,
4[But does not include any institution, which carries on as its principal business: –
(a) Agricultural operations; or
(aa) Industrial activity; or;]
(b) The purch ase or sale of any goods (other than securities) or the providing of any services; or
(c) The purchase, construction or sale of immovable property, so, however, that no portion of the income of the institution is derived from the financing of purchases, constructions or sales of immovable property by other persons;
2[Explanation : For the purposes of this clause, “industrial activity” means any activity specified in sub-clauses (i) to (xviii) of clause (c) of section 2 of the Industrial Development Bank of India Act,1964 (18 of 1964)];
(d) “Firm” means a firm as defined in the Indian Partnership Act,1932 (9 of 1932);
(e) “Non-banking institution” means a company, corporation or co-operative society.
2[(f) “non-banking financial company” means-
(i) A financial institution which is a company;
(ii) A non banking institution which is a company and which has as its principal business the receiving of deposits, under any scheme or arrangement or in any other manner, or lending Tiny manner;
(iii) Such other non-banking institution or class of such institutions, as the bank may, with the previous approval of the Central Government and by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.]
1. Substituted by Act No. 1 of 1984, w.e.f. 15/2/1984.
2. Inserted by Reserve Bank of India (Amendment) Act,1997, w.r.e.f. 9/1/1997.
3. Earlier clause (a) renumbered to (aa) by Reserve Bank of India (Amendment) Act,1997, w.e.f. 9/1/1997.
4. Substituted by Reserve Bank of India (Amendment) Act,1997, w.e.f. 9/1/1997.