Reserve Bank of India Act,1934
Section 45 N. Inspection
(1) The bank may, at any time, cause an inspection to be made by one or more of its officers or employees or other persons (hereinafter in this section referred to as the inspecting authority)-
(i) Of any non-banking institution, including a financial institution, for the purposes of verifying the correctness or completeness of any statement, information or particulars furnished to the bank or for the purpose of obtaining any information or particulars which the non-banking institution has failed to furnished on being called upon to do so; or
(ii) Of any non-banking institution being a financial institution, if the bank considers it necessary or expedient to inspect that institution.
(2) It shall be the duty of every director or member of any committee or other body for the time being vested with the management of the affairs of the non-banking institution or other officer or employee thereof to produce to the inspecting authority all such books, accounts and other documents in his custody or power and to furnish that authority with any statements and information relating to the business of the institution as that authority may require of him, within such time as may be specified by that authority
(3) The inspection authority may examine on oath director or member of any committee or body for the time being vested with the management of the affairs of the non-banking institution or other officer or employee thereof, in relation to its business and may administer an oath accordingly.