The Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against Safety of Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms on Continental Shelf Act,2002
THE SUPPRESSION OF UNLAWFUL ACTS AGAINST SAFETY OF MARITIME NAVIGATION AND FIXED PLATFORMS ON CONTINENTAL SHELF ACT,20021
[No. 69 OF 2002]
1. Received the assent of the President on December 20,2002 and published in the Gazette of India, Extra., Part II, Section
Prefatory Note Statement of Objects and Reasons. The International Conference convened under the auspices of the International Maritime Organisation, London on 10th March,1988 adopted the Convention ; for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation as well as the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, While the Convention applies to unlawful acts in relation to ships of any type not permanently attached to seabed, the Protocol applies to unlawful acts against fixed platforms. The Convention and the Protocol were adopted in view of the worldwide escalating acts of terrorism endangering the safety of life at sea and conform to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter concerning the maintenance of international peace and security and promotion of friendly relations and cooperation amongst States. India has acceded to the Convention as well as the Protocol.
2. For the purpose of ensuring an effective and smooth implementation of the provisions of the Convention and the Protocol, a new and separate legislation was considered necessary. Accordingly, this Bill aims at effectively dealing with unlawful acts which endanger the safety of maritime navigation, and safety of persons and property. It provides for stringent punishments for various unlawful acts on the sea.
3. The Bill seeks inter alia, to deal with offences against ships, fixed platforms, cargo of a ship and navigational facilities, etc., and penalties therefor, and provides for power of the Central Government to confer powers of investigation, exercisable by a police officer, on any gazetted officer of the Coast Guard or any officer of the Central Government, power of the State Governments to specify, with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of the High Court, a Court of Session to be a Designated Court to try offences, the application of provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure,1973 in the trial of offences, the provisions as to bail and extradition, powers of the Central Government to treat certain ships to be registered in Convention Slates, presumption of commission of offences and protection of action taken in good faith by any person or the Central Government.
4. The Bill seeks to achieve the above objects.
An Act to give effect to the International Maritime Organisation Convention for Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation and the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf and for matters connected therewith
Whereas a Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation and the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf were signed at Rome on the 10th day of March,1988;
And whereas India, having acceded to the said Convention and the Protocol, should make provisions for giving effect thereto and for matters connected therewith;
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows: