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Section 5 – The Wealth-Tax Act, 1957

The Wealth-Tax Act, 1957

 

 

5. Exemptions in respect of certain assets. —

 

1[2[***] Wealth-tax shall not be payable by an assessee in respect of the following assets]; and such assets shall not be included in the net wealth of the assessee—

 

(i) any property held by him under trust or other legal obligation for any public purpose of a charitable or religious nature in India :

 

3[Provided that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to any property forming part of any business, not being a business referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (4A) of section 11 of the Income-tax Act in respect of which separate books of account are maintained or a business carried on by an institution fund or trust referred to in 4[***] clause (23B) or clause (23C) of section 10 of the Act;]

 

(ii) the interest of the assessee in the coparcenary property of any Hindu undivided family of which he is a member;

 

(iii) 5[any one building in the occupation of a Ruler, being a building which immediately before the commencement of the Constitution (Twenty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1971, was his official residence by virtue of a declaration by the Central Government] under paragraph 13 of the Merged States (Taxation Concessions) Order, 1949, or paragraph 15 of the Part B States (Taxation Concessions) Order, 1950;

6[***]

7[(iv)] jewellery in the possession of any Ruler, not being his personal property, which has been recognised before the commencement of this Act by the Central Government as his heirloom or, where no such recognition exists, which the Board may, subject to any rules that may be made by the Central Government in this behalf, recognise as his heirloom at the time of his first assessment to wealth-tax under this Act:

 

8[Provided that in the case of jewellery recognised by the Central Government as aforesaid, such recognition shall be subject to the following conditions, namely:—

 

(i) that the jewellery shall be permanently kept in India and shall not be removed outside India except for a purpose and period approved by the Board;

 

(ii) that reasonable steps shall be taken for keeping the jewellery substantially in its original shape;

 

(iii) that reasonable facilities shall be allowed to any officer of Government authorised by the Board in this behalf to examine the jewellery as and when necessary; and

 

(iv) that if any of the conditions hereinbefore specified is not being duly fulfilled, the Board may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, withdraw the recognition retrospectively with effect from the date of commencement of clause (b) of section 5 of the Rulers of Indian States (Abolition of Privileges) Act, 1972 (54 of 1972), and in such a case, wealth-tax shall become payable by the Ruler for all the assessment years after such commencement for which the jewellery was exempted on account of the recognition.

 

Explanation. —For the purposes of clause (iv) of the foregoing proviso, the fair market value of any jewellery on the date of the withdrawal of the recognition in respect thereof shall be deemed to be the fair market value of such jewellery on each successive valuation date relevant for the assessment years referred to in the said proviso:

 

Provided further that the aggregate amount of wealth tax payable in respect of any jewellery under clause (iv) of the foregoing proviso for all the assessment years referred to therein shall not in any case exceed fifty per cent. of its fair market value on the valuation date relevant for the assessment year in which recognition was withdrawn;]

9[***]

10[(v)] in the case of an assessee, being a person of Indian origin 11 [or a citizen of India (hereafter in this clause referred to as such person)] who was ordinarily residing in a foreign country and who, on leaving such country, has returned to India with the intention of permanently residing therein, moneys and the value of assets brought by him into India and the value of the assets acquired by him out of such moneys 12[within one year immediately preceding the date of his return and at any time thereafter]:

 

Provided that this exemption shall apply only for a period of seven successive assessment year commencing with the assessment year next following the date on which such person returned to India .

 

13[ Explanation 1].—A person shall be deemed to be of Indian origin if he, or either of his parents or any of his grandparents, was born is undivided India ].

 

14[ Explanation 2.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that moneys standing to the credit of such person in a Non-resident (External) Account, in any bank in India in accordance with the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973) and any rules made thereunder, on the date of his return to India, shall be deemed to be moneys brought by him into India on that date.]

 

15[***]

 

16[(vi) one house or part of a house or a plot of land belonging to an individual or a Hindu undivided family:

 

Provided that wealth-tax shall not be payable by an assessee in respect of an asset being a plot of land comprising an area of five hundred square metres or less.]

17[***]

 

——————————————–

1. The words “Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1A), wealth-tax shall not be payable by an assessee in respect of the following assets” subs. by Act 19 of 1970, sec. 26(b)(i)(1), for “Wealth-tax shall not be payable by an assessee in respect of the following assets” (w.e.f. 1-4-1971).

 

2. The words “(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1A)” omitted by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(a)(i) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993).

 

3. Added by Act 32 of 1985, sec. 37(a)(i) (w.e.f. 1-4-1986). The said proviso was substituted by Act 4 of 1988, sec. 160(1) (w.e.f. 1-4-1989) and the proviso so substituted by Act 4 of 1988 was omitted by Act 3 of 1989, sec. 95(r) (w.e.f. 1-4-1989).

 

4. The words “clause (22) or clause (22A) or” omitted by Act 21 of 1998, sec. 68(a) (w.e.f. 1-4-1999).

 

5. Subs. by Act 54 of 1972, sec. 5(a), for certain words (w.e.f. 9-9-1972).

 

6. Clauses (iv) to (xiii) omitted by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(a)(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993). Earlier these clauses were amended by Act 14 of 1969, sec. 24(b) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1969), by Act 19 of 1970, sec. 26(b)(i)(2) and (3) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1971), by Act 42 of 1970, sec. 59 (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1965), by Act 32 of 1971, sec. 32(a)(i), (ii) and (iii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1972), by Act 20 of 1974, sec. 14(2)(a)(i), (ii) and (iii) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1974), by Act 25 of 1975, sec. 27(a)(i) and (ii) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1975), by Act 41 of 1975, sec. 83 (w.e.f. 1-4-1976), by Act 66 of 1976, sec. 27(2)(a) and (b) (w.e.f. 1-4-1977) and (w.e.f. 1-4-1975), by Act 24 of 1982, sec. 34(a)(i) and (ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1983), by Act 11 of 1983, sec. 41(a) (w.e.f. 1-4-1984) and by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 34(a)(i)(1) (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).

 

7. Clause (xiv) re-numbered as clause (iv) by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(a)(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993).

 

8. Ins. by Act 54 of 1972, sec. 5(b) (w.e.f. 9-9-1972).

 

9. Clauses (xv) to (xxxii) omitted by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(a)(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993). Earlier these clauses were amended by Act 11 of 1958, sec. 14(b) (w.e.f. 28-4-1958), by Act 13 of 1960, sec. 14 (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1960), by Act 20 of 1962, sec. 12(1) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1962), by Act 54 of 1962, sec. 5(1) (w.e.f. 13-12-1962), by Act 13 of 1963, sec. 21 (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1963), by Act 46 of 1964, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 1-4-1965), by Act 10 of 1965, sec. 70(1) (w.e.f. 11-5-1965), by Act 15 of 1965, sec. 20 (w.e.f. 11-9-1965), by Act 19 of 1968, sec. 32 (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1968), by Act 19 of 1970, sec. 26(b)(i)(4) and (5) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1971), by Act 32 of 1971, sec. 32(a)(iv) (w.e.f. 1-4-1972), by Act 16 of 1972, sec. 45(a) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1972) and 1-4-1973, by Act 25 of 1975, sec. 27(a)(iii), (iv) and (v) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1973), by Act 66 of 1976, sec. 27(2)(c) and (d) (w.e.f. 1-4-1977), by Act 14 of 1982, sec. 34(a)(v) (w.e.f. 1-4-1983), by Act 11 of 1983, sec. 41(b) (w.e.f. 1-4-1984), by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 34(a)(i)(2) and (3) (w.e.f. 1-4-1984), by Act 37 of 1984, sec. 54(a)(i) (w.e.f. 1-9-1985), by Act 23 of 1986, sec. 40(a)(i) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1986), by Act 11 of 1987, sec. 76 (w.e.f. 1-4-1986), by Act 4 of 1988, sec. 130(i) (w.e.f. 1-4-1988), by Act 26 of 1988, sec. 55(a) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1988), by Act 3 of 1989, sec. 60(a) (w.e.f. 1-4-1989), by Act 13 of 1989, sec. 27(a) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1989), by Act 12 of 1990, sec. 52 (w.e.f. 1-4-1991) and by Act 49 of 1991, sec. 73(a) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1984) and sec. 73(b) (w.e.f. 1-10-1991).

 

10. Clause (xxxiii) re-numbered as clause (v) by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(a)(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993). Earlier clauses (xxxiii) and (xxxiv) were inserted by Act 66 of 1976, sec. 27(3)(a) (w.e.f. 1-4-1977), and clause (xxxiii) was amended by Act 67 of 1984, sec. 54(a)(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1985) and by Act 23 of 1986, sec. 40(a)(ii) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1986).

 

11. Ins. by Act 67 of 1984, sec. 54(a)(ii) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1977).

 

12. Ins. by Act 23 of 1986, sec. 40(a)(ii)(A) (w.e.f. 1-4-1987).

 

13. Explanation re-numbered as Explanation 1 by Act 23 of 1986, sec. 40(a)(ii)(B) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1977).

 

14. Ins. by Act 23 of 1986, sec. 40(a)(ii)(B) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1977).

 

15. Clause (xxxiv) omitted by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(a)(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993).

 

16. Subs. by Act 21 of 1998, sec. 68(b), for clause (vi) (w.e.f. 1-4-1999). Earlier clause (vi) was inserted by Act 38 of 1993, sec. 39 (w.e.f. 1-4-1994).

 

17. Sub-sections (1A) to (4) omitted by Act 18 of 1992, sec. 92(b) (w.e.f. 1-4-1993). Earlier sub-section (3) was amended by Act 13 of 1963, sec. 21(2) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1963), sub-section (1A) was inserted by Act 19 of 1970, sec. 26(b)(ii) and sub-section (3) was amended by sec. 26(b)(iii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1971) and was amended by Act 32 of 1971, sec. 32(b) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1972), by Act 16 of 1972, sec. 45(b) (w.e.f. 1-4-1973), sub-section (3) was amended by Act 16 of 1972, sec. 45(c) (w.e.f. 1-4-1973), by Act 20 of 1974, sec. 14(2)(b) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1974), by Act 25 of 1975, sec. 27(b) and (c) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1975), by Act 14 of 1982, sec. 34(b) and (c) (w.e.f. 1-4-1983), by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 34(a)(ii) and (iii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1985), by Act 67 of 1984, sec. 54(b) and (c) (w.e.f. 1-4-1985), by Act 32 of 1985, sec. 37(b) and (c) (w.e.f. 1-4-1986), by Act 23 of 1986, sec. 40(b) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1986), by Act 4 of 1988, sec. 130(ii) (w.e.f. 1-4-1988), by Act 26 of 1988, sec. 55(b) and (c) (w.r.e.f. 1-4-1988), by Act 3 of 1989, sec. 60(b) and (c) (w.e.f. 1-4-1989) and by Act 13 of 1989, sec. 27(b) (w.e.f. 1-4-1990).

 

 

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The Wealth-Tax Act, 1957

 

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