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Section 168 – Constitution of India

Constitution of India

 

 

168. Constitution of Legislatures in States.

 

(1) For every State there shall be a Legislature which shall consist of the Governor, and-

 

(a) In the States of 1[***] Bihar, 2[***] 3[4[***] 5[Maharashtra], 6[Karnataka] and 7[***] 8[and Uttar Pradesh, two Houses;

 

(b) In other States, one House.

 

(2) Where there are two Houses of the Legislature of a State, one shall be known as the Legislative Council and the other as the Legislative

 

Assembly, and where there is only one House, it shall be known as the Legislative Assembly.

 

1. The words “Andhra Pradesh,” omitted by the Andhra Pradesh Legislatve Council Abolition) Act, 1985 (34 of 1985), s. 4 (w.e.f. 1-6-1985).


2. The word “Bombay” omitted by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 (11 of 1960), s. 20 (w.e.f. 1-5-1960).


3. No date has been appointed under s.8(2) of the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, for the insertion of the words “Madhaya Pradesh” in this sub-clause.


4. The words “Tamil Nadu,” omitted by the Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986 (40 of 1986), s. 4 (w.e.f. 1-11-1986).


5. Ins. by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 (11 of 1960), s. 20 (w.e.f. 1-5-1960).


6. Subs. by the Mysore State (Alteration of Name) Act, 1973 (31 of 1973), s. 4, for “Mysore” (w.e.f. 1-11-1973), which was inserted by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 8 (1).


7. The word “Punjab”, omitted by the Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act 1969 (46 of 1969), sec.4 (w.e.f.7/1/1970).


8. Subs. by the West Bengal Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 (20 of 1969), sec.4, for “Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal” (w.e.f. 1/8/1969).

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